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Author Roth, Eric Abella.

Title Culture, biology, and anthropological demography / Eric Abella Roth
Published Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2004
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Description 1 online resource (xiii, 217 pages) : illustrations
Series New perspectives on anthropological and social demography
New perspectives on anthropological and social demography.
Contents Part I. Anthropological Demography and Human Ecological Behavioural Ecology: -- 1. Two solitudes -- 2. Why bother? -- 3. Anthropological demography: culture, not biology -- 4. Human evolutionary ecology: biology, not culture -- 5. Discussion: cultural and biological reductionism -- Part II. Reconciling Anthropological Demography and Human Evolutionary Ecology: -- 6. Common ground -- 7. Demographic strategies -- 8. Reproductive interests: social interactions, life effort and demographic strategies: a Rendille example -- 9. Sepaade as male mating effort -- 10. Rendille primogeniture as a parenting strategy -- 11. Summary: demographic strategies as links between culture and biology -- Part III. Mating Effort and Demographic Strategies: -- 12. Mating effort as demographic strategies -- 13. Cross-cultural mating strategies: polygyny and bridewealth, monogamy and dowry -- 14. Bridewealth and the matter of choice -- 15. Demographic and cultural change: values and morals -- 16. The end of the sepaade tradition: behavioral tracking and moral change -- Part IV. Demographic Strategies as Parenting Effort: -- 17. Parenting effort and the theory of allocation -- 18. The Trivers-Willard model and parenting strategies -- 19. Parity-specific parental strategies: the case of primogeniture -- 20. Local resource competition model -- 21. Infanticide and child abandonment: accentuating the negative -- 22. Adoption in modern China: stressing the positive -- 23. Summary: culture and biology in parental effort -- Part V. Future Research Directions: -- 24. The central place of sex in anthropology and evolution -- 25. Male sexuality, education and high risk behavior -- 26. Final ground: demographic transitions -- Part VI. References Cited
Summary Two distinctive approaches to the study of human demography exist within anthropology today: anthropological demography and human evolutionary ecology. The first stresses the role of culture in determining population parameters, while the second posits that demographic rates reflect adaptive behaviors that are the products of natural selection. Both sub-disciplines have achieved notable successes, but each has ignored and been actively disdainful of the other. This text attempts a rapprochement of anthropological demography and human evolutionary ecology through recognition of common research topics and the construction of a broad theoretical framework incorporating both cultural and biological motivation. Both these approaches are utilized to search for demographic strategies in varied cultural and temporal contexts ranging from African pastoralists through North American post-industrial societies. As such this book is relevant to cultural and biological anthropologists, demographers, sociologists, and historians
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 175-203) and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Demographic anthropology.
Human behavior.
Human ecology.
Mate selection.
Social ecology.
Form Electronic book
LC no. 2003068838
ISBN 0511211538
0511215118 (electronic bk.)
0511216904 (electronic bk.)
0511606796 (ebook)
0521005418 (paperback)
0521809053
6610540926
9780511211539
9780511215117 (electronic bk.)
9780511216909 (electronic bk.)
9780511606793 (ebook)
9780521005418 (paperback)
9780521809054
9786610540921