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Author Bush, William S., 1967-

Title Who gets a childhood? : race and juvenile justice in twentieth-century Texas / William S. Bush
Published Athens, Ga. : University of Georgia Press, [2010]
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Description 1 online resource (x, 257 pages) : illustrations, map
Series Politics and culture in the twentieth-century South
Politics and culture in the twentieth-century South.
Contents The other lost generation : reform and resistance in the juvenile training schools, 1907-1929 -- Socializing delinquency : child welfare, mental health, and the critique of institutions, 1929-1949 -- Juvenile rehabilitation and the color line : the training school for Black delinquent girls, 1943-1950 -- James Dean and Jim Crow : the failure of reform and the racialization of delinquency in the 1950s -- "Hard to reach" : the politics of delinquency prevention in postwar Houston -- Circling the wagons : the struggle over the Texas Youth Council, 1965-1971 -- Creating a right to treatment : Morales v. Turman, 1971-1988
Summary "Bush draws on a staggering amount of research to introduce a compelling cast of previously unknown characters who put Texas and the U.S. South at the center of mid-twentieth-century juvenile justice reform. Legal scholars and social and political historians will need to read and respond to this novel and intriguing study."--Steven L. Schlossman, author of Transforming juvenile Justice: Reform Ideals and Institutional Realities, 1825-1920 --Book Jacket
"Combining innovative archival research, astute analysis of popular culture, and gripping prose, Who Gets a Childhood? presents a harrowing history of juvenile corrections in twentieth-century Texas. Bush reminds us What happens to young people who are denied a childhood, while demonstrating that American Juvenile justice has become the New American Dilemma that urgently demands our attention."--David S. Tanenhaus, author of Juvenile Justice in the Making --
On the forefornt of both progressive and "get tough" reform campaigns, Texas has led national policy shifts in the treatment of delinquent youth to a surprising degree. Changes in the legal system have included the development of courts devoted exclusively to young offenders, the expanded legal application of psychological expertise, and the rise of the children's rights movement. Bush argues that despite the struggles of reformers, child advocates, parents, and youths themselves to make juvenile justice live up to its ideal of offering young people a second chance, the story of twentieth-century juvenile justice in large part boils down to "the exclusion of poor and nonwhite youth from modern categories of childhood and adolescence." --
Using Texas as a case study for understanding change in the American juvenile Justice system over the past century, William S. Bush tells the story of three cycles of scandal, reform, and retrenchment, each of which played out in ways that tended to extend the privileges of a protected childhood to white middle-and upper-class youth, while denying those protections to blacks, Latinos, and poor whites. --
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Discrimination in juvenile justice administration -- Texas -- History -- 20th century.
Juvenile delinquents -- Texas -- History -- 20th century.
Juvenile justice, Administration of -- Texas -- History -- 20th century.
Genre/Form History.
Form Electronic book
LC no. 2010005961
ISBN 0820329835 (Trade Cloth)
0820337625 (electronic bk.)
9780820337623 (electronic bk.)