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Author Bachmann, Till M.

Title Hazardous substances and human health : exposure impact and external cost assessment at the European scale / Till M. Bachmann
Published Amsterdam ; London : Elsevier, 2006
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (xlii, 570 pages) : illustrations, maps (some color)
Series Trace metals and other contaminants in the environment ; 8
Trace metals in the environment ; 8
Contents 1. Introduction. 2. Assessment of human health impacts and the approach followed. 3. Multimedia environmental fate and/or exposure assessment of prioritised contaminants. 4. Multimedia environmental fate assessment framework: outline, atmospheric modelling and spatial differentiation. 5. Modelling the environmental fate in the terrestrial environment. 6. Modelling the environmental fate in the aquatic environment. 7. Expose and impact assessment. 8. Valuation. 9. Evaluation of results. 10. Case studies on emissions from signle facilities. 11. Whole economy case study. 12. Concluding remarks. Appendix A.A model formulation. Appendix B. Substance-independent data. Appendix C. Substance-dependent data. Appendix D. Symbols, indices and compartment acronyms used for parameter and process description
Summary There is widespread public concern about hazardous chemicals that are contained in air, soil, water and food. Policy has therefore adopted a series of laws and regulations concerning emissions into and concentration levels in different media including food. As policy makers do not only have to consider the protection of the environment but also need to ensure a well-functioning economy at the same time, these limit or target values need to be set in a balanced way. The main problem, however, is to compare the costs for achieving these targets with the benefits to society by having a smaller exposure to hazardous substances (cost-benefit analysis). This book sets out to improve the reliability of cost-benefit analyses particularly of hazardous substances present in air, water, soil and food. It suggests that the human health risk assessment of chemicals is performed in a bottom-up analysis, i.e., following a spatially resolved multimedia modelling approach. In order to support cost-benefit analyses, the approach is accompanied by monetary valuation of human health impacts, yielding so-called external costs. Results for selected priority metals show that these external costs are small compared to those by the classical air pollutants and involve rather long time horizons touching on the aspect of intergenerational equity within sustainable development. When including further hazardous substances, the total external costs attributable to contaminants are expected to be more substantial
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Abstract in German
Description based on print version record
Subject Hazardous substances -- Health aspects.
Hazardous Substances.
Cost-Benefit Analysis.
Environmental Exposure.
Risk Assessment.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 0080462529 (electronic bk.)
9780080462523 (electronic bk.)