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Title Toxicology, survival and health hazards of combustion products / editors: David A. Purser, Robert L. Maynard, James C. Wakefield
Published [Cambridge] : Royal Society of Chemistry, [2015]
©2015
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Description 1 online resource
Series Issues in toxicology ; 23
Issues in toxicology ; 23
Contents Cover; Contents; Preface; Acknowledgements; Dedication; Terms and Definitions; Chapter 1 Overview of Combustion Toxicology; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Summary of the Main Aspects of the Subject Areas Addressed in the Book; References; The Science of Combustion; Chapter 2 Fire Types and Combustion Products; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Non-flaming and Smouldering Fires; 2.2.1 Non-flaming Thermal Decomposition; 2.2.2 Fluorocarbons; 2.2.3 Fate of Phosphorus in Combustion Products; 2.2.4 Brief Case Histories of Non-flaming Thermal Decomposition Incidents; 2.2.5 Smouldering; 2.3 Well-ventilated Flaming Fires
2.4 Ventilation-controlled (Fuel-rich) Flaming Fires2.5 Continuous Ventilation-controlled Pre-and Post-flashover Fires; 2.6 Examples of Fire Incidents; 2.7 Practical Aspects; 2.7.1 Toxicity and Toxic Hazard; 2.7.2 Acute Life-threatening Hazards in Building or Transport Fires; 2.7.3 Determination of Time-Concentration Exposure Curves from Fire Incidents; 2.7.4 Direct Measurement during Incidents or Full-scale Incident Reconstruction; 2.7.5 Generation and Measurement of Combustion Product Effluents; References
3.6 Estimation of Combustion Products Capable of Causing Acute and Chronic Health Hazards or Environmental Contamination3.7 Environmental Contamination by Dioxins and Furans from Halogenated Materials; References; Chapter 4 Products of Combustion and Toxicity from Specific Types of Fires; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Types of Fires; 4.2.1 Effects of Thermal Breakdown Conditions; 4.2.2 Pyrolysis; 4.2.3 Smouldering; 4.2.4 Flaming Combustion, Well-ventilated; 4.2.5 Flaming Combustion, Ventilation-controlled; 4.2.6 Composition of Smokes; 4.3 Common Toxic Combustion Products
4.3.1 Different Categories of Toxicants4.3.2 Asphyxiant Gases; 4.3.3 Irritant Gases; 4.3.4 Complex Molecules; 4.3.5 Health Issues for Vulnerable Groups; 4.4 Hazardous Combustion Products Formed by Fuel Type; 4.4.1 General and Case Specific Considerations; 4.4.2 Fires Involving Polymeric Materials; 4.4.3 Fires Involving Wood; 4.4.4 Fires Involving Rubber and Tyres; 4.4.5 Fires Involving Oil and Petrol; 4.4.6 Fires Involving Hazardous Chemicals (Chemical, Pesticide Manufacturer and Storage); 4.4.7 Fires Involving Asbestos; 4.5 Smoke Behaviour; 4.6 Main Conclusions; References
Chapter 3 Estimating Yields and Quantities of Mass Releases of Toxic Products from Fires3.1 Modelling Conditions during Fire Incidents; 3.2 Fire Modelling Basics; 3.2.1 Source Fire and Fire Size; 3.2.2 Calculation of Burning Rates and Toxic Product Releases from the Heat Release Rate; 3.3 Calculation and Measurements of Product Yields and Recovery Fractions; 3.4 Using Individual Products as Markers for Estimating Concentrations of Other Components; 3.5 Validation of Fire Test Data for Application to Fire Hazard Assessments
Summary Fires are a common source of exposure to smoke and a range of toxicologically active chemicals. Providing a complete overview of the subject, this book provides comprehensive and detailed information on combustion processes, estimation of rate of production of combustion products, dispersion of these products and their effects on health. Beginning with a chapter discussing the chemistry of combustion and detailing the mechanisms of burning, how different materials ignite and the nature of combustion products, the book goes on to examine specific combustion products in detail, the toxicity and carcinogenicity of the products, their dispersion and methods of monitoring. With diverse coverage edited and authored by recognised experts in the field, this book will provide an essential text for those working in toxicology, combustion science, public health and environmental research
Notes Includes index
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes English
Online resource; title from title details screen (Royal Society of Chemistry, viewed November 19, 2015)
Subject Combustion gases -- Toxicology.
Air Pollutants.
Chemical Actions and Uses.
Chemicals and Drugs
Delivery of Health Care.
Environment and Public Health.
Environment.
Environmental Pollutants.
Fires.
Organic Chemicals.
Toxic Actions.
Form Electronic book
Author Maynard, Robert L., editor
Purser, David A., editor
Wakefield, James C. (James Christopher), editor
ISBN 1523102012 (electronic bk.)
1782627383 (electronic bk.)
1849735697
1849737487 (electronic bk.)
9781523102013 (electronic bk.)
9781782627388 (electronic bk.)
9781849735698
9781849737487 (electronic bk.)