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Author Blumenthal-Dramé, Alice.

Title Entrenchment in usage-based theories : what corpus data do and do not reveal about the mind / by Alice Blumenthal-Dramé
Published Berlin : De Gruyter Mouton, 2012
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Description 1 online resource (xxiv, 283 pages)
Series Topics in English linguistics, 1434-3452 ; 83
Topics in English linguistics ; 83. 1434-3452
Contents Entrenchment in usage-based theories. Entrenchment in usage-based constructionist approaches ; Entrenchment and usage-based assumptions about language representation and processing ; Entrenchment in usage-based theories of language acquisition ; Entrenchment in emergentist theories of language phylogeny ; Entrenchment in usage-based theories of language change ; Entrenchment in related frameworks ; Summary and outlook : the epistemological status of entrenchment in usage-based frameworks -- The cognitive realism of usage-based generalizations, with a special focus on the relationship between token frequencies and entrenchment. The assumed link between collective usage and individual representation ; Against the psychological realism of corpus-derived claims ; In support of the potential psychological realism of corpus-derived claims; Neuroplasticity; Experimental research on token frequency effects in multi-word sequences; Psycholinguistic research on the entrenchment of multi- word sequences; Patholinguistic data showing selective dissociations between holistic versus novel sequences of morphemes; Neuroimaging studies supporting the idea of a neurocognitive split between holistic and compositional modules ; Conclusion : can we reasonably expect corpora to predict entrenchment in the mind? -- Operationalizing entrenchment. Defining entrenchment ; Assessing the psychological realism of a statement in experimental terms ; Sources of inspiration; Gestalt psychology: Why seek inspiration from non-linguistic lines of research?: What makes a chunk in Gestalt psychology?; The masked priming paradigm; Frequency effects in English derivatives; Parametric studies on word frequency effects ; Operationalizing Entrenchment -- Experimental design. Stimuli; Stimuli for the masked priming fMRI study: Stimuli for the main conditions: Stimuli for the 'no'-conditions: Stimuli for the control conditions; Stimuli for the memory experiment ; Experimental procedures; Experimental procedure for the masked priming fMRI studies; Experimental procedure for the memory task -- Behavioural data analysis. Main conditions; General method; Simple linear mixed-effects regression analyses; Multiple mixed-effects regression analyses: Introductory remarks on methodology: Multiple regression results for part-to-whole priming: Multiple regression results for whole-to-part priming ; Behavioural analyses for the supplementary experiments; Mixed-effects regression analyses for jumbled target priming; Behavioural analyses for the comparison with monomorphemic controls; Behavioural analyses for the memory task ; Conclusions -- Neuroimaging Data Analysis. Introductory remarks ; Statistical Parametric Imaging analysis; Imaging parameters; fMRI data analysis; Preprocessing; First-level analysis ; Results; Second-level analyses; Results for the part-to-whole priming task; Results for the whole-to-part priming task; Results for the jumbled target priming task; Conjunction analysis for the main conditions ; Conclusion -- Summary and conclusion. Summary : entrenchment in usage-based theories; Research rationale and questions; Operationalizing entrenchment; Behavioural results; fMRI Results ; Some further theoretical implications ; The corpus-to-cognition principle : towards more fine-grained correlations between corpus and cognitive data ; Outlook -- References -- Appendix -- Index
Summary This book explores the usage-based claim that high usage frequency leads to the entrenchment of complex words in the minds of language users. To probe the correlation between corpus-extracted usage data and mental entrenchment, the author operationalises entrenchment in Gestalt psychological terms and conducts a series of behavioural and neuroimaging experiments
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Subject English language -- Discourse analysis.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 1299719554 (ebk)
3110294001 (electronic bk.)
9781299719552 (ebk)
9783110294002 (electronic bk.)