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Title Ending discrimination against people with mental and substance use disorders : the evidence for stigma change / Committee on the Science of Changing Behavioral Health Social Norms ; Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences ; Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education ; the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Published Washington, DC : National Academies Press, [2016]
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Description 1 online resource (1 PDF file (157 pages)) : illustration
Contents Summary -- Introduction -- Understanding stigma of mental and substance use disorders -- The science of communication -- Approaches to reducing stigma -- Research strategies -- Conclusions and recommendations -- References -- Appendix A: Agendas: public workshops -- Appendix B: Biographical sketches of Committee members and staff
Summary Estimates indicate that as many as 1 in 4 Americans will experience a mental health problem or will misuse alcohol or drugs in their lifetimes. These disorders are among the most highly stigmatized health conditions in the United States, and they remain barriers to full participation in society in areas as basic as education, housing, and employment. Improving the lives of people with mental health and substance abuse disorders has been a priority in the United States for more than 50 years. The Community Mental Health Act of 1963 is considered a major turning point in America's efforts to improve behavioral healthcare. It ushered in an era of optimism and hope and laid the groundwork for the consumer movement and new models of recovery. The consumer movement gave voice to people with mental and substance use disorders and brought their perspectives and experience into national discussions about mental health. However over the same 50-year period, positive change in American public attitudes and beliefs about mental and substance use disorders has lagged behind these advances. Stigma is a complex social phenomenon based on a relationship between an attribute and a stereotype that assigns undesirable labels, qualities, and behaviors to a person with that attribute. Labeled individuals are then socially devalued, which leads to inequality and discrimination. This report contributes to national efforts to understand and change attitudes, beliefs and behaviors that can lead to stigma and discrimination. Changing stigma in a lasting way will require coordinated efforts, which are based on the best possible evidence, supported at the national level with multiyear funding, and planned and implemented by an effective coalition of representative stakeholders. Ending Discrimination Against People with Mental and Substance Use Disorders: The Evidence for Stigma Change explores stigma and discrimination faced by individuals with mental or substance use disorders and recommends effective strategies for reducing stigma and encouraging people to seek treatment and other supportive services. It offers a set of conclusions and recommendations about successful stigma change strategies and the research needed to inform and evaluate these efforts in the United States
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Notes This activity was supported by Contract No. HHSP233201400020B between the National Academy of Sciences and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services/Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of the organization or agency that provided support for the project
Subject Discrimination against the mentally ill -- United States.
Mental illness -- United States -- Public opinion.
Stigma (Social psychology)
Substance abuse -- United States.
Mental Disorders -- psychology.
Substance-Related Disorders -- psychology.
Mentally Ill Persons.
Public Opinion.
Social Discrimination -- prevention & control.
Social Stigma.
Form Electronic book
Author National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (U.S.). Committee on the Science of Changing Behavioral Health Social Norms, issuing body
ISBN 0309439124