Description 
1 online resource (ix, 335 pages) : illustrations 
Contents 
FOREWORD; CONTENTS; PHYSICOCHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS OF MATERIAL SYSTEMS: A REVIEW OF BASIC CONCEPTS AND RESULTS; 1 Introduction; 1.1 General Considerations; 1.2 The present notes; 1.3 Acknowledgments; 2 Energetics of Closed Systems and Reactions; 2.1 The First Law for Closed Systems; 2.2 The Message of the First Law; 2.3 Consequences and Generalizations; 2.4 The Enthalpy Function; 2.5 Description of Reactions in Closed Homogeneous Systems; 2.6 Rate of a Reaction; 2.7 Simultaneous Reactions; 2.8 Energetics of Reactions in Closed Homogeneous Systems 

2.9 Average Heat of a PhysicoChemical Reaction3 Reversible and Irreversible Phenomena. Entropy; 3.1 Reversible and Irreversible Processes. The Second Law; 3.2 The Clausius Theorem; 3.3 Application to Reversible Cycles: Entropy Difference between Equilibrium States; 3.4 Application to an Arbitrary Process; 3.5 Differential forms of the Clausius Theorem: Uncompensated Heat; 3.6 Processes in a Closed System with a Defined Temperature; 3.7 Results for Heat Reservoirs and Isolated Systems; 3.8 Contributions to the Entropy Change; 3.9 The Clausius Theorem Expressed as an Equality 

4 Affinity, Reaction Rate and Physicochemical Equilibrium4.1 Fundamental Relations; 4.2 Affinity: Definition and Relations; 4.3 Entropy Production Rate; 4.4 Affinity, Reaction Rate and Equilibrium; 4.5 Simultaneous Reactions. Thermodynamic Coupling; 5 Thermodynamics of a Phase: Fundamental Equations and the Chemical Potential; 5.1 Fundamental Equations and Maxwell Relations; 5.2 Properties of an Open Phase; 5.3 The Chemical Potential; 5.4 Integration of the Gibbs Equations; 5.5 The Gibbs  Duhem Equation; 5.6 Identities and Maxwell Relations for Chemical Potentials 

6 Thermodynamics of Affinity6.1 The Total Differential of the Affinity; 6.2 Affinity as an Idependent Variable; 6.3 Average Affinity of a PhysicoChemical Reaction; 6.4 Relation Between Affinity and the Chemical Potentials in a Phase; 6.5 Variation of the Affinity with the Extent of the Reaction; 7 PhysicoChemical Equilibrium and Reactions in Heterogeneous Systems; 7.1 Heterogeneous Systems in Thermal and Mechanical Equilibrium; 7.2 Affinity of Reactions in Heterogeneous Systems; 7.3 The Equilibrium Condition. Examples; 7.4 Entropy Production from the Gibbs Equation 

7.5 Entropy Production for Reactions in an Open Phase7.6 Entropy Production for Reactions in an Heterogeneous System; 8 Thermodynamic Stability of PhysicoChemical Systems; 8.1 Entropy Production Accompanying a Perturbation; 8.2 Criterion of Stability; 8.3 Unilateral Perturbations; 8.4 Examples and Geometrical Interpretations; 8.5 Stability of Phases: Definitions; 8.6 Unilateral Perturbations in a Phase of a Unary System; 8.7 Thermal and Mechanical Stability of a Phase; 8.8 Stability with Respect to Bilateral Perturbations; 8.9 Stability with Respect to Diffusion in a Binary System 
Summary 
This book deals with the methods and concepts of nonlinear dynamics, pattern formation, bifurcation theory, irreversible thermodynamics, and their application to advanced materials science problems. The focus is on the effect of dynamical instabilities on materials behavior and properties. The book is addressed to physicists, chemists, mathematicians and engineers who wish to work in this domain, or to learn about its latest advances. It is also aimed at bridging gaps between science and technology 
Notes 
"This book presents the courses and seminars delivered during the 1st Latin American Summer School on Materials Instabilities, organized ... at the Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Valparaíso, Chile"Page v 
Bibliography 
Includes bibliographical references 
Notes 
Print version record 
Subject 
Stability  Congresses.


Strength of materials  Congresses.

Genre/Form 
Conference papers and proceedings.


Conference papers and proceedings.

Form 
Electronic book

Author 
MartinezMardones, J.


Walgraef, D. (Daniel)


Wörner, C. H.


Latin American Summer School on Materials Instabilities (1st : 1998 : Universidad Católica de Valparaíso)

ISBN 
9789812793317 (electronic bk.) 

9812793313 (electronic bk.) 
