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Title Encyclopedia of ethics / Lawrence C. Becker and Charlotte B. Becker, editors
Edition Second edition
Published New York : Routledge, 2001
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Description 1 online resource (3 volumes (xxxv, 1977 pages))
Contents Abelard, Peter (1079-1142) -- abortion -- absurd, the -- academic ethics -- academic freedom -- action -- acts and omissions -- additivity problems -- Adler, Felix (1851-1933) -- aesthetics -- Africa -- agency and disability -- agent-centered morality -- agnosticism -- agricultural ethics -- Alan Donagan (1925-1991) -- alienation -- altruism -- American moral philosophy -- amnesty and pardon -- analogical argument -- analytic philosophy and ethics -- anger -- animals, treatment of -- Anscombe, G[ertrude] E[lizabeth] M[argaret] (1919-2001) -- Anselm, Saint (1033-1109) -- anthropology -- applied ethics -- Arendt, Hannah (1906-1975) -- Aristotelian ethics -- Aristotle (384-322 B.C.E.) -- atheism -- Augustine, Saint (354-430) -- authenticity -- authority -- autonomy of ethics -- autonomy of moral agents -- Avicenna [Ibn Sīnā] (980-1037) -- Ayer, A[lfred] J[ules] (1910-1989) -- bad faith -- Baier, Kurt E.M. (1917- )
Balguy, John (1686-1748) -- bargaining -- Barry, Brian (M.) -- Beccaria, Cesare [Bonesana] Marchesi di (1738-1794) -- beneficence -- benevolence -- Bentham, Jeremy (1748-1832) -- bioethics -- biological theory -- blackmail -- Bradley, F[rancis] H[erbert] (1846-1924) -- Brandt, Richard B. (1910-1997) -- Brentano, Franz Clemens (1838-1917) -- bribery -- Buber, [Mordekhai] Martin (1878-1965) -- Buddha (6th century B.C.E.) -- Buddhist ethics -- Burke, Edmund (1729-1797) -- business ethics -- Butler, Joseph (1692-1752) -- Calvin, John (1509-1564) -- Cambridge Platonists -- Camus, Albert (1913-1960) -- capital punishment -- care -- casuistry -- categorical and hypothetical imperatives -- causation and responsibility -- censorship -- character -- charity -- Charles, Darwin (1809-1882) -- cheating -- children and ethical theory -- China -- Christian ethics -- Chu, Hsi (1130-1200) -- Chuang, Tzu (fourth century B.C.E.) (1509-1564)
Cicero, Marcus Tullius (106-43 B.C.E.) -- civic good and virtue -- civil disobedience -- civil rights and civic duties -- civility -- Clarke, Samuel (1675-1729) -- coercion -- cognitive science -- coherentism -- collective responsibility -- commensurability -- common good -- common sense moralists -- communitarianism -- comparative ethics -- competition -- compromise -- computers -- Confucian ethics -- Confucius (fifth-sixth century B.C.E.) -- conscience -- consent -- consequentialism -- conservation ethics -- conservatism -- constructivism -- contractarianism -- contracts -- conventions -- cooperation, conflict, and coordination -- cooperative surplus -- correctional ethics -- corruption -- cosmopolitan ethics -- cost-benefit analysis -- courage -- cradle arguments -- critical theory -- cruelty -- Crusius, Christian August (c.1715-1775) -- Cudworth, Ralph (1617-1688) -- cultural studies -- Cumberland, Richard (1632-1718)
Cynics -- Cyrenaics -- David, Hume (1711-1776) -- de Beauvoir, Simone (1908-1986) -- death -- deceit -- deliberation and choice -- democracy -- Democritus (c. 460-c. 370 B.C.E.) -- deontology -- desert -- deterrence, threats and retaliation -- dignity -- dirty hands -- discounting the future -- discrimination -- double effect -- duty and obligation -- economic analysis -- economic systems -- Edmund Husserl, [Gustav Albrecht] (1859-1938) -- egoism -- elite, concept of -- Émile Durkheim (1858-1917) -- emotion -- emotivism -- engineering ethics -- entitlements -- environmental ethics -- envy -- Epictetus (c. 55 -- c. 135) -- Epicureanism -- Epicurus (341-270 B.C.E.) -- equality -- ethics and morality -- etiquette -- eudaimonia, eudaimonism -- euthanasia -- evil -- evolution -- excellence -- excuses -- existential ethics -- exploitation -- externalism and internalism -- fairness -- family -- Fārābī, al- (870-950)
Jainism -- James Mill (1773-1836) -- James, William (1842-1910) -- Japan -- Jefferson, Thomas (1743-1826) -- Jesus of Nazareth (c. 4 B.C.E.--C.E. 27) -- Jewish ethics -- John Dewey (1859-1952) -- John, Duns Scotus (c. 1266-1308) -- Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758) -- journalism -- justice, circumstances of -- justice, distributive -- justice, rectificatory -- Kant, Immanuel (1724-1804) -- Kantian ethics -- karma -- Kierkegaard, Søren [Aabye] (1813-1855) -- killing and letting die -- King, Martin Luther Jr. (1929-1968) -- land ethics -- Lao Tzu (dates uncertain) -- legal ethics -- legal philosophy -- legitimacy -- Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm (1646-1716) -- Leopold, Aldo (1887-1948) -- lesbian ethics -- Levinas, Emmanuel (1906-1995) -- Lewis, Clarence Irving (1883-1964) -- liberalism -- libertarianism -- liberty -- liberty, economic -- library and information professions -- life and death
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1712-1778) -- Royce, Josiah (1855-1916) -- Russell, Bertrand [Arthur William] (1872-1970) -- Santayana, George (1863-1952) -- Sartre, Jean-Paul (1905-1980) -- Scheler, Max [Ferdinand] (1874-1928) -- Schelling, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von (1775-1854) -- Schiller, [Johann Christoph] Friedrich von (1759-1805) -- Schopenhauer, Arthur (1788-1860) -- Schweitzer, Albert (1875-1965) -- secrecy and confidentiality -- self and social self -- self-control -- self-deception -- self-defense -- self-esteem -- self-knowledge -- self-ownership -- self-respect -- Seneca, Lucius Annaeus ["the Younger"] (c. 4 B.C.E.-65 C.E.) -- sexual abuse and harassment -- sexuality and sexual ethics -- Shaftesbury, [Anthony Ashley Cooper] 3rd Earl of (1671-1713) -- Shī'ism -- Sidgwick, Henry (1838-1900) -- Singer, Marcus G. (1926- ) -- situation ethics -- skepticism in ancient ethics -- skepticism in ethics -- slavery -- slippery slope arguments
Smith, Adam (1723-1790) -- social and political philosophy -- social contract -- social psychology -- sociology -- Socrates (c. 470-399 B.C.E.) -- Sophists -- Soviet Ethical Theory -- Spencer, Herbert (1820-1903) -- Spinoza, Baruch de (1632-1677) -- sport -- Stael, Madame de (1766-1817) -- stakeholder analysis -- Stevenson, Charles L[eslie] (1908-1979) -- Stewart, Dugald (1753-1828) -- Stoicism -- strategic interaction -- Suarez, Francisco (1548-1617) -- subjectivism -- suicide -- Sunnīsm -- supererogation -- sympathy -- Taoist Ethics -- Taylor, Charles (1931- ) -- Technology -- Technology and Nature -- Teleological Ethics -- Temperance -- Terrorism -- Theism -- Theological Ethics -- Theory and Practice -- Thomas, Aquinas Saint (1225-1274) -- Thomas, Hobbes (1588-1679) -- Thomasius, Christian (1655-1728) -- Thomson, Judith Jarvis (1929- ) -- Thoreau, Henry David (1817-1862) -- Toleration -- Torture -- Tragedy
Transcendentalism -- Trust -- Tufts, James Hayden (1862-1942) -- Universalizability -- Utilitarianism -- value, concept of -- value, theory of -- violence and non-violence -- virtue ethics -- virtues -- Vitoria, Francisco de (1486-1546) -- Voltaire, [Francois-Marie Arouet de] (1694-1778) -- voluntarism -- voluntary acts -- Walzer, Michael (1935- ) -- Wang Yang-ming (1472-1529) -- War and Peace -- Weakness of Will -- Weber, Max (1864-1920) -- Weil, Simone (1909-1943) -- Welfare Rights and Social Policy -- Westermarck, Edward [Alexander] (1862-1939) -- Whewell, William (1794-1866) -- Wickedness -- William of Ockham (c. 1285-1347) -- Williams, Bernard (Arthur Owen) (1929- ) -- Wisdom -- Wittgenstein, Ludwig [Josef Johann] (1889-1951) -- Wittgensteinian ethics -- Wolff, Christian (1679-1754) -- Wollaston, William (1660-1724) -- Wollstonecraft, [Godwin] Mary (1759-1797) -- Women Moral Philosophers -- Work
fate and fatalism -- feminist ethics -- Fichte, Gottlieb Johann (1762-1814) -- fidelity -- fiduciary relationships -- final good -- fittingness -- Foot, Philippa (1920- ) -- forgery -- forgiveness -- formalism -- forms of consciousness -- Foucault, Michel (1926-1984) -- Francis, Hutcheson (1694-1746) -- Francois, Fenelon (1651-1715) -- Frankena, KlaasWilliam (1908-1994) -- Frederick, Engels (1820-1895) -- free will -- freedom and determinism -- freedom of the press -- Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) -- friendship -- Fuller, Lon Luvois (1902-1978) -- future generations -- Gadamer, Hans-Georg (1900- ) -- game theory -- Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand (1869-1948) -- Gassendi, Pierre (1592-1655) -- gay ethics -- generosity -- genetic engineering -- genocide -- G[eorge] E[dward] Moore (1873-1958) -- Gert, Bernard (1934- ) -- Gewirth, Alan (1912- ) -- Godwin, William (1756-1836) -- golden rule -- good, theories of the
government, ethics in -- gratitude -- Green, Thomas Hill (1836-1882) -- Grotius, Hugo [or, Huig de Groot] (1583-1645) -- groups, moral status of -- guilt and shame -- Habermas, Jürgen (1929- ) -- happiness -- Hare, M[ervyn]R[ichard] (1919- ) -- harm and offense -- Hart, H.L.A. (Herbert Lionel Adolphus) (1907-1992) -- Hartmann, Nicolai (1882-1950) -- hate -- hedonism -- Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich (1770-1831) -- Heidegger, Martin (1889-1976) -- Hindu ethics -- historiography -- history of Western ethics -- history of Western ethics: 01. Presocratic Greek -- history of Western ethics: 02. Classical Greek -- history of Western ethics: 03. Hellenistic -- history of Western ethics: 04. Roman -- history of Western ethics: 05. Early Medieval -- history of Western ethics: 06. Later Medieval -- history of Western ethics: 07. Renaissance -- history of Western ethics: 08. seventeenth and eighteenth centuries
history of Western ethics: 09. nineteenth-century British -- history of Western ethics: 10. nineteenth-century Continental -- history of Western ethics: 11. twentieth-century Continental -- history of Western ethics: 12. twentieth-century Anglo-American -- Holbach, Paul Henri Thiry, baron d' (1723-1789) -- Holocaust -- homicide -- homosexuality -- honor -- hope -- Hsün Tzu third century B.C.E.) -- human rights -- humanism -- humility -- hypocrisy -- Ibn Tufayl (1110-1185) -- ideal observer -- idealist ethics -- idealized agents -- immoralism -- impartiality -- India -- individualism -- inequality -- infanticide -- innocence -- institutions -- integrity -- intention -- interests -- international justice: conflict -- international justice: distribution -- intransitivity -- intuitionism -- Iris Murdoch (1919-1999) -- Islam -- Islamic business ethics -- Islamic ethics -- Islamic medical ethics
life, meaning of -- life, right to -- literature and ethics -- Locke, John (1632-1704) -- logic and ethics -- love -- loyalty -- Lucretius, [Titus Lucretius Carus] (c. 95-c. 55 B.C.E.) -- Ludwig Feuerbach [Andreas] (1804-1872) -- Luther, Martin (1483-1546) -- MacIntyre, Alasdair C (1926- ) -- Malebranche, Nicolas (1638-1715) -- Mandeville, Bernard (1670-1733) -- Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, Emperor of Rome (121-180) -- Marx, Karl [Heinrich] (1818-1883) -- Marxism -- mass media -- materialism -- Mead, George Herbert (1863-1931) -- medical ethics -- medical ethics, historical -- Mencius (c. 371 -c. 289 B.C.E.) -- mercy -- merit and desert -- metaethics -- metaphysics and epistemology -- military ethics -- Mill, John Stuart (1806-1873) -- Mo Tzu (fourth century B.C.E.) -- Montaigne, Michel [Eyquem] de (1533-1592) -- Montesquieu [Charles-Louis de Secondat] baron de (1689-1755) -- moral absolutes
moral attention -- moral community, boundaries of -- moral development -- moral dilemmas -- moral education -- moral imagination -- moral luck -- moral perception -- moral pluralism -- moral point of view -- moral psychology -- moral purity -- moral realism -- moral reasoning -- moral relativism -- moral rules -- moral saints -- moral sense theorists -- moral terms -- mortality -- Moses Maimonides (1138-1204) -- motives -- multiculturalism -- Murphy, Arthur Edward (1901-1962) -- mysticism -- Nāgārjuna (c. 113-213) -- narrative ethics -- natural law -- naturalism -- naturalistic fallacy -- nature and ethics -- needs -- negligence -- neo-Kantian ethics -- neo-Stoicism -- neutral principles -- Niccolò Machiavelli [di Bernardo dei] (1469-1527) -- nihilism -- norms -- Nozick, Robert (1938- ) -- nuclear ethics -- nursing ethics -- Obedience to Law -- Objectivism -- Oppression -- Organic Unity -- Ought Implies can -- pacifism
pain and suffering -- Paine, Thomas [Tom] (1737-1809) -- Paley, [variant: Payley] William (1743-1805) -- partiality -- Pascal, Blaise (1623-1662) -- Passion -- paternalism -- Paul, the Apostle, Saint (C.E.5-67?) -- Peirce, C[harles] S[anders] (1839-1914) -- perfectionism -- Perry, R[alph] B[arton] 1876-1957) -- person, concept of -- personal relationships -- persuasive definition -- phenomenology -- philosophical anthropology -- philosophy of religion -- phronesis -- plagiarism -- Plato (c. 430-347 B.C.E.) -- pleasure -- Plotinus 205-270) -- police ethics -- political correctness -- political systems, evaluation of -- pornography -- possibilism -- postmodernism -- power -- practical reason[ing] -- practical wisdom -- pragmatism -- praxis -- precedent -- prescriptivism -- Price, Richard (1723-1791) -- Prichard, H.A. (Harold Arthur) (1871-1947) -- pride -- principlism -- privacy -- professional ethics -- promises -- property
proportionality -- Protagoras of Abdera (c. 490-c. 421 B.C.E.) -- prudence -- psychoanalysis -- psychology -- public and private morality -- public goods -- public health policy -- public policy -- public policy analysis -- Pufendorf, Samuel Freiherr von (1632-1694) -- punishment -- puritanism -- Racism and Related Issues -- Racism, Concepts Of -- Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) -- Rand, Ayn (1905-1982) -- Rape -- Rational Choice -- Rationality vs. Reasonableness -- Rawls, John (1921- ) -- reason[ing] -- Reasons for Action -- Reciprocity -- Reflective Equilibrium -- Reid, Thomas (1710-1796) -- Reinhold Niebuhr (1892-1971) -- Religion -- René Descartes (1596-1650) -- Reproductive Technologies -- Resentment -- Responsibility -- Revenge -- Revolution -- Ricoeur, Paul (1913- ) -- Right, Concepts of -- Right Holders -- Rights -- Risk -- Risk Analysis -- Risk Aversion -- Ronald Dworkin (1931- ) -- Ross, W[illiam] D[avid] (1877-1971)
Summary A revised, expanded and updated edition with contributions by 325 renowned authorities in the field of ethics. All of the original articles have been newly peer-reviewed and revised, bibliographies have been updated throughout, and the overall design of the work has been enhanced for easier access to cross-references and other reference features
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002. http://purl.oclc.org/DLF/benchrepro0212 MiAaHDL
digitized 2011 HathiTrust Digital Library committed to preserve pda MiAaHDL
Print version record
Subject Ethics -- Encyclopedias.
Ethics.
Ethics, Medical.
Genre/Form Encyclopedia.
Encyclopedias.
Form Electronic book
Author Becker, Charlotte B., 1944-
Becker, Lawrence C.
ISBN 0203952944 (electronic bk.)
1849722994
9780203952948 (electronic bk.)
9781849722995
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