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Author Scholten, Sophie.

Title The Privatisation of Immigration Control through Carrier Sanctions : the Role of Private Transport Companies in Dutch and British Immigration Control
Published Leiden : BRILL, 2015
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (320 pages)
Series Immigration and Asylum Law and Policy in Europe
Immigration and asylum law and policy in Europe.
Contents The Privatisation of Immigration Control through Carrier Sanctions: The Role of Private Transport Companies in Dutch and British Immigration Control; Copyright; Contents; 1: Introduction to 'Carrier Sanctions'; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Old and New Carrier Sanctions Policies; 1.3 Research Focus and Questions; 1.4 Research Methods and Considerations; 1.5 Structure of the Book; 2: Enlisting Carriers in Immigration Control: A Theoretical Exploration; 2.1 Theoretical Introduction; 2.2 Characterising Carrier Involvement: Third-party Liability, Third-party Policing
2.3 Why Governments Delegate Tasks: Exploring 'Shifts inGovernance'2.4 Where Carrier Sanctions Policies are Situated; 2.5 How Carriers are Involved in Immigration Control; 2.6 Theoretical Notions in Analysing Carrier Sanctions Policies in the Netherlands and the UK, a Complex Matter in Which Context Matters; 3: The Netherlands: Development of Carriers' Liability Legislationand Policy; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Carrier Obligations in the Aliens Act 1965 and Subsequent Developments; 3.3 Changes to the Aliens Act: Duty of Care; 3.4 Transcript Duty; 3.5 Forwarding Passenger Data
3.6 Sanctions for Carriers I: Re-Transportation and Recouping Costs3.7 Sanctions for Carriers II: Criminal Sanctions; 3.8 Conclusion; 4: The United Kingdom: Developments in Carriers' LiabilityLegislation in uk Law; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Immigration Act 1971; 4.3 Immigration (Carriers' Liability) Act 1987; 4.4 Immigration and Asylum Act 1999: Introducing the Civil Penalty Regime; 4.5 Development of the Civil Penalty; 4.6 Sanctions for Carriers and the Waiving of Fines; 4.7 The Position of Carriers' Liability and the Civil Penalty in UK Immigration Control
4.8 'Upstream' Measures and Tasks for Carriers: Passenger Information and E-Borders4.9 Conclusion; 5: International and European Legislative Framework; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 International Cooperation in Civil Aviation: The Chicago Convention; 5.3 The Schengen Agreement and the Convention Implementing the Schengen Agreement; 5.4 European Attention for Carrier Sanctions; 5.5 Council Directive 2001/51/EC Harmonising Carriers' Liability Penalties; 5.6 Directive 2004/82: Obligation of Carriers to Communicate Passenger Data; 5.7 Developing Measures for Carriers; 5.8 Conclusion
6: Carrier Sanctions in a System of Measures6.1 Stimulating Compliance: Training and Information; 6.2 Advising Carriers: ILOS, ALOS and ILMS; 6.3 More Pre-boarding Measures: Juxtaposed Controls; 6.4 Monitoring Carriers after the Fact: Transcript Duty, Gate Checks and CCTV; 6.5 Conclusion; 7: The Relationship Between Carriers and the Dutch Government; 7.1 Introduction; 7.2 Implementing the Carrier Sanctions Regime in the Netherlands; 7.3 A New Policy Instrument: A Gentlemen's Agreement with KLM; 7.4 Cooperation with Other Airlines
Summary Sophie Scholten describes the development of carrier sanctions regimes in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, from the 1980s and assesses the effects of carrier sanctions policies on relationships between the actors involved: immigration authorities, private carriers and passengers
Notes 7.5 Imposing Carrier Sanctions on Shipping Companies in the Netherlands
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 291-309) and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Carriers -- Law and legislation -- Great Britain.
Carriers -- Law and legislation -- Netherlands.
Emigration and immigration law -- Great Britain.
Emigration and immigration law -- Netherlands.
Illegal aliens -- Government policy -- Great Britain.
Illegal aliens -- Government policy -- Netherlands.
Privatization -- Law and legislation -- Great Britain.
Privatization -- Law and legislation -- Netherlands.
Sanctions, Administrative -- Great Britain.
Sanctions, Administrative -- Netherlands.
Transportation -- Law and legislation -- Great Britain.
Transportation -- Law and legislation -- Netherlands.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9004290737 (hardback ;) (alk. paper)
9789004290730 (hardback ;) (alk. paper)
9789004290747 (electronic bk.)