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Author Vasu, Norman, author

Title Fake news : national security in the post-truth era / Norman Vasu, Benjamin Ang, Terri-Anne-Teo, Shashi Jayakumar, Muhammad Raizal, and Juhi Ahuja
Published Singapore : RSIS, 2018
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (32 pages)
Series Policy report / S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies
RSIS policy report
Contents Executive summary. -- Introduction. -- Unpacking fake news. Disinformation campaign to undermine national security. Misinformation for domestic political agenda. Non-political misinformation gone viral. Falsehoods for entertainment. Falsehoods for financial gain. -- Dissemination techniques in disinformation campaigns. Russia. China. -- Human fallibility and cognitive predispositions. Fallible memory. Illusory truth effect. Primacy effect and confirmation bias. Access to information. -- International responses to fake news. Counter fake news mechanisms. Strategic communications. Self-regulation by technological companies. Reducing financial incentives in Advertisements. Government legislation. Critical thinking and media literacy. -- Conclusion
Summary Fake news is not a new issue, but it poses a greater challenge now. This report discusses fake news concerning the ways that it may manifest, how its dissemination is enabled through social media and search engines, how people are cognitively predisposed to imbibing it, and what are the various responses internationally that have been implemented or are being considered to counter it. This report finds that efforts to combat fake news must comprise both legislative and non-legislative approaches as each has its own challenges. First, the approaches must factor in an understanding of how technology enables fake news to spread and how people are predisposed to believe it. Second, it would be helpful to make a distinction between the different categories of falsehoods that are being propagated using social media. Third, efforts should go hand in hand with ongoing programmes at shoring up social resilience and national consensus. Fourth, efforts need to move beyond bland rebuttal and statements, as these may be counter-productive. Fifth, counter-narratives that challenge fake news must be released expeditiously as fake news can spread en masse at great speed due to technology. In sum, collaboration across the whole of society, including good public-private partnership, is necessary in order to expose fake news and ensure better synergy of efforts in countering it
Notes "January 2018."
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Notes Online resource; title from PDF title page (RSIS, viewed April 8, 2018)
Subject Disinformation
Fake news
Information warfare
National security
Political stability
Truthfulness and falsehood
Fake news.
Information warfare.
National security.
Political stability.
Truthfulness and falsehood.
Form Electronic book
Author Ahuja, Juhi, author
Ang, Benjamin, author
Jayakumar, Shashi, author
Raizal, Muhammad, author
Teo, Terri-Anne, author
S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, publisher
Other Titles National security in the post-truth era