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Author Garrett, Matthew, 1978- author

Title Making Lamanites : Mormons, Native Americans, and the Indian Student Placement Program, 1947-2000 / Matthew Garrett
Published Salt Lake City : The University of Utah Press, [2016]
Online access available from:
EBSCO eBook Academic Collection    View Resource Record  


Description 1 online resource (xii, 341 pages)
Contents Reimagining Israel : the emergence of Mormon Indian theology and policy in the nineteenth century -- Turning to placement : the Navajo Nation, Helen John, and the pursuit of education, 1880s-1940s -- The institutional rise of the Indian Student Placement Program, 1947-1972 -- The placement experience : entering Mormon homes and communities -- The placement experience : becoming a Lamanite -- Rival ideologies and rival Indians : self-determination in the 1960s and 1970s -- Decline of the placement program, 1972-2000
Summary "Explores why many Native youth in the Indian Student Placement Program adopted a new notion of identity. From 1947 to 2000, some 50,000 Native American children left the reservations to live with Mormon foster families. The access to educational opportunities and cross cultural experiences appealed to many Navajo and other Native American families in the post-war years. Some dropped out of the Indian Student Placement Program (ISPP) program, but for others the months spent in LDS families often proved more penetrating than expected. Making Lamanites traces this student experience within contested cultural and institutional landscapes to reveal how and why many of these Native youth adopted a new notion of Indianness. The ISPP emerged in the mid-twentieth century, championed by Apostle Spencer W. Kimball. The program aligned with the then national preferences to terminate tribal entities and assimilate indigenous people. But as the paradigm shifted to self-determination, critics labeled the program as crudely assimilationist. Some ISPP students like Navajo George P. Lee fiercely defended the LDS Church before Native peers and Congress, contending that it empowered Native people and instilled the true Indian identity, while Red Power activists organized protests in Salt Lake City, denouncing LDS colonization. As a new generation of church leaders quietly undercut the Indian programs, many of its former participants felt a sense of confusion and abandonment as Mormon distinction for Native people faded in the late twentieth century"--Provided by publisher
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 303-326) and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Indian Student Placement Program -- History.
Church work with Indians -- Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints -- History -- 20th century
Indian foster children -- Education -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
Indian students -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
Indians of North America -- Cultural assimilation -- History -- 20th century.
Indians of North America -- Education -- History -- 20th century.
Indians of North America -- Ethnic identity -- History -- 20th century.
United States -- Ethnic relations -- History -- 20th century.
Genre/Form History.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 1607814951 (electronic bk.)
9781607814955 (electronic bk.)