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E-book
Author Scholz, C. H. (Christopher H.)

Title The Mechanics of Earthquakes and Faulting
Edition Second edition
Published Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2002
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Description 1 online resource (505 pages)
Contents Cover; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright; Dedication; Contents; Preface to the first edition; Preface to the second edition; Acknowledgments; List of symbols; 1 Brittle fracture of rock; 1.1 Theoretical concepts; 1.1.1 Historical; 1.1.2 Griffith theory; 1.1.3 Fracture mechanics; 1.1.4 Crack models; 1.1.5 Macroscopic fracture criteria; 1.2 Experimental studies of rock strength; 1.2.1 Macroscopic strength; 1.2.2 Fracture energies; 1.2.3 Discussion of fracture criteria in the light of experimental results; 1.2.4 Effect of scale on strength; 1.3 Pore fluid effects on fracture
1.3.1 Laws of effective stress1.3.2 Environmental effects on strength; 1.4 The brittle-plastic transition; 1.4.1 General principles; 1.4.2 The transition induced by pressure; 1.4.3 The transition induced by temperature; 1.4.4 Extrapolation to geological conditions; 2 Rock friction; 2.1 Theoretical concepts; 2.1.1 Historical; 2.1.2 The adhesion theory of friction; 2.1.3 Elastic contact theory of friction; 2.1.4 Other frictional interactions; 2.2 Experimental observations of friction; 2.2.1 General observations; 2.2.2 Effects of other variables on friction; 2.2.3 Wear
2.3 Stick slip and stable sliding2.3.1 Introduction; 2.3.2 Rate effects on friction: the rate and state variable friction laws; 2.3.3 Frictional stability regimes; 2.3.4 Dynamics of stick slip; 2.4 Friction under geological conditions; 3 Mechanics of faulting; 3.1 Mechanical framework; 3.1.1 Anderson's theory of faulting; 3.1.2 Hubbert-Rubey theory of overthrust faulting; 3.1.3 Stress in the crust, fault reactivation, and friction; 3.2 The formation and growth of faults; 3.2.1 The problem of fault formation; 3.2.2 Growth and development of faults
3.2.3 Fault interactions and fault populations3.3 Fault rocks and structures; 3.3.1 Fault rocks and deformation mechanisms; 3.3.2 Fabrics and surfaces; 3.4 Strength and rheology of faults; 3.4.1 A synoptic shear zone model; 3.4.2 Deep ductile shear zones: the downward continuation of faults; 3.4.3 Thermomechanical effects of faulting; 3.4.4 The debate on the strength of crustal fault zones; 3.5 Fault morphology and mechanical effects of heterogeneity; 3.5.1 Fault topography and morphology; 3.5.2 Mechanical effects of fault irregularities; 4 Mechanics of earthquakes; 4.1 Historical development
4.2 Theoretical background4.2.1 The dynamic energy balance; 4.2.2 Dynamic shear crack propagation; 4.2.3 Simple applications to earthquake rupture; 4.3 Earthquake phenomenology; 4.3.1 Quantification of earthquakes; 4.3.2 Earthquake scaling relations; 4.4 Observations of earthquakes; 4.4.1 Case studies; 4.4.2 Earthquake sequences; 4.4.3 Compound earthquakes: Clustering and migration; 4.5 Mechanics of earthquake interactions; 4.5.1 Coulomb stress loading; 4.5.2 Mechanisms for the time delay; 5 The seismic cycle; 5.1 Historical; 5.2 The crustal deformation cycle
Summary A thoroughly updated second edition, covering all the major advances in fault analysis research
Notes 5.2.1 Geodetic observations of strain accumulation
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Faults (Geology)
Seismology.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 0511818513 (electronic bk.)
0521652235
0521655404
1107089212 (electronic bk.)
1107092175 (electronic bk.)
1107095409
9780511818516 (electronic bk.)
9780521652230
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9781107089211 (electronic bk.)
9781107092174 (electronic bk.)
9781107095403