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Author Goyal, Ashima, author

Title History of monetary policy in India since independence / Ashima Goyal
Published New Delhi : Springer, 2014
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource
Series SpringerBriefs in economics
SpringerBriefs in economics.
Contents Chapter 1: Structure, ideas and institutions -- Structure: Sectors, Growth and inflation, Politics, Government finances -- Ideas: Keynes modified, Monetarism in the aggregate, Globalization -- ideas and domestic impact, New Keynesian theories in emerging markets -- Institutions: Precedents and path dependence, Strengthening institutions, Openness, markets and CB autonomy, Bank Governors and Delegation in India -- Chapter 2: Policy Actions and Outcomes -- The historical trajectory -- Excess demand or cost shocks? -- Openness, inflows and policy -- Money markets and interest rates -- The global crisis, response and revelation of structure -- Trends in money and credit -- Conclusion
Summary The book discusses Indian post-independence monetary history in the context of the country's development and the global changes of the period. The conceptual framework used is the SIIO (Structure, Ideas, Institutions and Outcomes) paradigm. That is, structure and ideas become embedded in institutions and affect outcomes. Narrative history, data analysis and research reports demonstrate the dialectic between ideas and structure with respect to monetary history, aspects of India's development, and the global institutions and events that impacted monetary choices. The history of the economy and of the global changes that affected it covers a time when major changes took place both in India and internationally. India's greater openness is important both for it and for the world, but it occurred at a time of major global crises. How did these impact monetary choices and how did the latter help India navigate the crises while maintaining its trajectory towards greater liberalization? The book explores these and other relevant but under-analyzed questions. The initial combination of ideas and structure created fiscal dominance and made monetary policy procyclical. An aggregate supply-and-demand framework derived from forward-looking optimization subject to Indian structural constraints is able to explain growth and inflation outcomes in the light of policy actions. Using exogenous supply shocks to identify policy shocks and to isolate their effects, demonstrate that policy was sometimes exceedingly strict despite the common perception of a large monetary overhang. Surges and sudden stops in capital flow also constrained policy. But the three factors that cause a loss of monetary autonomy-governments, markets and openness-moderate each other. Markets moderate fiscal profligacy and global crises moderate market freedoms and ensure openness remains a sequenced and gradual process. The book argues greater current congruence between ideas and structure is improving institutions and contributing to India's potential
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Online resource; title from PDF title page (SpringerLink, viewed July 24, 2014)
Subject Monetary policy -- India -- History -- 20th century.
Monetary policy -- India -- History -- 21st century.
Genre/Form History.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9788132219613 (electronic bk.)
8132219619 (electronic bk.)
8132219600 (print)
9788132219606 (print)