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Book Cover
Author Watts, John, 1818-1887, author.

Title The facts of the cotton famine / John Watts
Published London : Routledge, 1968
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Description 1 online resource (xii, 472 pages)
Series Routledge library of industrial classics ; no. 22
Contents Ch. 1. Introduction ; Antiquity of cotton manufacture ; The cotton fibre ; The term spinster ; Inventions of Whyatt and Kay ; Domestic loom shops ; Habits of early cotton operatives ; Character of the population ; Holidays ; Marriage ; Rise of the factory system ; Cose of cotton goods in 1741 and 1860 ; Inventions of Hargreaves and Arkwright ; The Bridgewater Canal ; Silk factories ; Turkey red dyeing and calico printing ; Crompton's mule ; Cost of spinning in 1779 and 1860 ; Cartwright's, Bell's, and Miller's power looms ; Richard Robert's self-acting mule and loom ; Watt's steam engine ; Application of coal gas ; Government helps and hindrances -- ch. 2. View of employers and operatives on improvements of machinery ; A league against machine-spun yarns ; Machinery riots in 1779 ; Measured madness ; The war of 1793 and its effects upon trade ; The wage question ; Machinery the scapegoat for war ; Bankruptcies in 1793 ; The war of tariffs and the price of bread ; Import duty on cotton, and its effects ; Prohibition to export machinery ; Government nursing ; The state of blockade, 1806, and the orders in council ; The American embargo on foreign trade ; Machinery and food riots at Leicester, Nottingham, Manchester, &c. ; Economical errors of employers ; Prejudices against foreigners ; Riots of 1826 and 1829 ; Destruction of power looms ; Commencement of working class day schools, and rise of political feeling -- ch. 3. Comparative increase of populartion, 1801-1861 ; Increase of real property ; Manufacturing and agricultural hundreds ; Classes of the population ; Comparative increase of various classes ; Effects of the excise on paper ; Progress of manufacture, 1830-1860 ; Wages in 1844 and 1860 ; Influences of factory life on physical and moral health ; Old and modern mills ; Plurality of tenure ; The short-time agitation ; Richard Oastler ; The factories education act ; Manchester meetings ; Comparative mortality of large towns ; Infant mortality in Manchester and Liverpool ; Relative progress of cotton, silk, and woollen manufactures ; Immigration of silk operatives ; Jealousy of old hands ; Subsidiary trades ; Relative progress of the cotton industry in England and America ' American tariffs ; Yankee 'cuteness ; The French treaty, 1860 ; Prejudice at Coventry ; Imports of silk goods ; The flax trade ; Mr. Bazley on the cotton trade ; American and Indian cotton ; A century of progress ; The wisdom of figures
Ch. 11. Origin of the central committee ; Meeting in Manchester town hall ; Reasons for doing nothing ; Proposal for loans to the poor ; Meeting at Bridgewater House ; Revolution in central executive ; Mr. Cobden on the prospects of the operatives ; Formation of a collecting committee ; Character of the Manchester subscription ; The times and Professor Kingsley ; The county meetings ; Lord Derby the advocate of the helpless ; The Bridgewater house principle of distribution and high poor rates ; How rich traders escape the poor rate ; The Manchester district provident society ; The rival committees to Ashton ; Various rates of relief ; Disciplinary labour ; Origin of the adult schools ; the Australian fund appropriated to education ; Misunderstanding in the colony ; Effects of the schools ; Manual for relief committees ; Tabular return of school attendances -- ch. 12. The policy of emigration ; The emigrants' aid society, and national colonial emigration society ; Attitude of employers ; Disappearance of operatives ; Mr. Farnall's blunder ; Government emigration returns ; The maximum pressure of distress ; Decrease of indigence, and revision of relief lists ; Pressure by central executive ; Difficulties of traders ; Raw cotton dearer than calico ; Illegitimacy at Wigan ; The bastardy promotion fund ; Decrease of employment in October, 1863 ; The turn of the tide ; The peace panic and its effects ; The death of the confederacy ; Mr. Maclure's last report ; Close of the Ashton committee ; Percentages of persons relieved to those out of employment at various periods -- ch. 13. King cotton ; Mistake of southern sympathisers ; Sufferings of the people ; Sickness and mortality not increased ; Analysis of the subscriptions ; Colonial and foreign contributions ; The 'George Griswold' ; Address to Captain Lunt ; Contribution of the new society of painters in water colours ; Mr. Ansdell ; List of subscriptions and balances remaining in hand ; Comparison of the sums subscribed to the cotton famine, the royal patriotic fund, the Indian mutiny fund, the Hartley Colliery Fund, &c. ; Comparative statement of local subscriptions, poor rate, and central executive contributions ; Causes of the varied pressure of distress ; Remissions of rent in various localities ; Percentage of uncollected rates, 1861-4 ; Rates and factory assessments at Ashton, Bury, and Glossop ; Adjournment of central executive sine die ; Proposed disposal of the balance of the fund
Ch. 14. Reduction of relief, and introduction of ticket system, at Stalybridge ; Excitement of the operatives ; Position of the clergy ; The ragged trousers in the pulpit ; The strike against tickets ; Assault upon the officials ; Window smashing ; The police defeated ; Sacking of the relief stores and shops ; The riot act read ; The soldiers and the police ; Sunday visitors ; The mob at Ashton ; Sacking of provision shops ; The riot act and the charge of the military ; Excitement at Dukinfield ; Sacking the co-operative store ; The police and the roughs at Ashton ; The end of the riot ; The deputation of the mansion house ; The premium for violence ; Sir J.P. Kay-Shuttleworth at Stalybridge ; Address of the central executive ; The Rev. Mr. Eagar at the general committee ; The apology for riot -- ch. 15. Action of the poor-law board ; Mr. Farnall's appointment ; Debate in the House of Commons ; Mr. Villier's reply ; Messrs. Bright and Cobden on the distress ; The rate in aid bill ; Objections to borrowing powers ; Defects of the act ; Mr. Cobden on the forty-third of Elizabeth ; Tabular return of the orders for aid, and of sums borrowed under the act ; Instructions to the special commissioner ; His interpretation of the poor-law and the consolidated orders ; Exceptional conditions require exceptional remedies ; Inequality of rating ; The union chargeability bill and its probable effects ; Policy of public workds ; Mr. Farnall's failures -- ch. 16. Growing monotony of disciplinary labour ; Conditions of grants to superintendents ; Rules for the execution of public works ; Suggestions as to the adoption of the local government act, 1858 ; Introduction of the public works (manufacturing districts) bill ; Conditions of the bill ; The principle of public loans vindicated ; Mr. Rawlinson's report ; Debate on second reading of the bill ; The policy of emigration ; Mr. Ferrand's error ; Mr. Farnall's estimate of the numbers who would be employed under the act ; Disappointment of the executive committee ; misappropriation of the loan at Manchester, Stockport, and Blackburn ; The Manchester board of guardians ; The Hulme Park movement ; Protest of working men against the pauper passage to labour ; Class of men engaged on the Stockport works ; Mr. Rawlinson's erroneous estimate of numbers ; Slow progress ; Official reflection and delay ; Account of the works undertaken ; Applications refused and the grounds thereof -- ch. 17. Condition of friendly societies ; Ingenious suggestions to avoid illegality ; value of registrar's reports ; state of the oddfellows (Manchester unity) ; The amalgamated engineers, &c. ; The warehousemen and clerks' society ; Condition of the savings bank ; Deposits and withdrawals, 1861 to 1864 ; Classes who invest in savings bank ; Effects of the crisis on co-operative stores ; Condition of fourteen sample stores ; Withdrawals of capital ; Joint-stock spinning and manufacturing companies ; Share list, 1861 and 1864 ; Fabulous profits of 1860-1 ; Dear experience ; Instances of failures ; Influence of the crisis on railway traffic and dividends
Ch. 18. Effects of the coton famine on marriages ; Tabular return, 1861-4 ; Illegitimate birthes, 1861-4 ; Special return ; Comparative illegitimate births in England and Wales and in Lancashire ; The factory system not specially promotive of sexual immorality ; Prostitution in various districts ; Slow improvement ; Effects of the crisis on crime in Lancashire ; Percentages of crime in various districts ; Excess of female crime in Lancashire, and its probably causes -- ch. 19. Gains and losses ; Consumption of cotton in 1861 and 1862 ; Effects of American news on prices ; Average condition of the trade in 1860-2 ; Speculators in cotton ; Gains by running the blockade ; Consumption of 1863 ; Large extra capital required ; Effects of peace rumours ; Bankruptcy return ; Decreased consumption of Indian cotton ; Condition of the trade in 1863-4 ; Adulteration of goods ; The trade losses in three years ; Messrs. Frazer's circular ; Mr. McHaffie on cotton losses -- ch. 20. The flax trade ; Calico versus linen ; Irish energy exhibited in flax cultivation ; Returns of cultivation, and imports of flax and yarns ; Increase of trade ; Sir Robert Kane at the Society of Arts ; Return of spinning mills, and wages of operatives ; The value of a mill at two periods ; Estimate of the gains of flax spinners and manufacturers by the cotton famine -- ch. 21. The woollen and worsted trades ; Progress of eighty-five years ; Wages in 1800, and 1833, and 1858 ; Mr. Baines, M.P., on the woollen trade ; The trouble of Lancashire the opportunity of Yorkshire ; The increased imports of 1862-4 ; Exports of yarns and manufactured goods ; The price of spinning in 1861-4 ; Yorkshire gains by the cotton famine -- ch. 22. Origin of the cotton supply association ; Cotton prospects in 1860 ; Assistance of the foreign office ; Constitution of the association ; The work of eight years ; The mission to India and its results ; Concessions by the Turkish, Egyptian, and Portuguese governments ; The times' Bombay correspondent on the gains of India ; Whimsical tastes ; A Bombay share list ; Report of government collectors ; Indian superstition the cause of insolvency ; Eight-six millions sterling extra paid in four years to India ; Decreasing consumption of Indian cotton ; Mr. Shaw's calculations on Dharwar cotton ; Efforts towards extension of cotton cultivation by Mr. Frederic Warren ; Messrs. Cross and Hacking ; Mr. Thomas Clegg, &c., &c. ; African cotton ; The principle of protection amongst the Merchants
Ch. 23. Constitution and utility of chambers of commerce ; Limits of government interference on behalf of trade ; The government landlord of India ; Opinions of Chambers of Commerce as to the requirements of British India ; India capable of competing successfully in cotton production ; Examples of defective laws of contract ; Proposals of Lords Stanley and canning on waste lands ; Sir Charles Wood's veto, and his own plan ; The import duty on Lancashire manufactures ; Deputation to Mr. Massey ; The red tape bond ; Sir Charles Wood's budget speech ; Comparative expenditure on improvements of the landlord government in India, and of the late Duke of Northumberland at home -- ch. 24. Objects of the Manchester cotton company ; Expectations of government help ; Promises of the Indian secretary ; Dr. Forbes on the necessity for roads and piers in India ; Evidence of the Indian manager of the company ; The Madras times on the necessary measures to insure cotton cultivation ; Loss of capital, and winding-up of the company ; The Anglo-Indian cotton company ; Conclusion
Ch. 4. Regularity and punctuality a feature of Lancashire life ; Effects of discipline on workpeople ; Trades societies ; Strikes for wages ; Effects of strikes ; Policy of employers ; Proposed reconstruction of trades societies ; Advantage of rapid accumulation of capital ; The employers of south Staffordshire and the discharge note ; The strike at the Manchester new prison ; The architect and the Hodman ; Proposal to give the workmen an interest in profits ; Application of the principle ; The limited liability act ; Co-operative stores and relief committees -- ch. 5. Co-operative stores and manufacturing companies ; Robert Owen and infant schools ; The Queenwood community ; The friendly societies act and its improvements ; Socialism and the first co-operative stores ; The Rochdale plan ; Principle of a store ; The wholesale society ; The corn mill ; Joint-stock companies and the cotton crisis ; Division of profits amongst the operatives ; The relief committee and co-operation ; Lord Derby's minute ; The Haslingden guardians and the stores ; The property of the working classes -- ch. 6. Manchester in 1832 ; Sir J.P. Kay-Shuttleworth on the habits and sanitary condition of the poor ; Cellar dwellings and typhus ; Causes of pauperism ; Improvements from 1832 to 1861 ; The gasworks and waterworks ; The public parks ; the free library ; Progress of Liverpool from 1730 to 1863 ; The docks and the railway ; Education aid society of Manchester ; Secondary education ; The union of institutes, Lancashire and Cheshire -- ch. 7. The American war ; Democrats and Republicans ; The 'Dred Scott' case ; Progress of the Republicans from 1840 to 1860 ; Senator Douglas on Kansas ; Election of Lincoln and fall of Fort Sumter ; Feeling in England ; Slavery and the territories ; The abolition proclamation ; Misrepresentations of Lincoln ; The end of war ; Punch's recantation -- ch. 8. Incredulity about the American War ; Test of prices ; The paper blockade ; Speculations in cotton ; Stoppage of mills ; Rapid increase of pauperism ; State of Ashton, Preston, Stockport, and Glossop, in February, 1862 ; Newspaper comments ; Free labour cotton ; Outside help for operatives ; Surat cotton ; A month's addition to the recipients of relief ; Comparative condition of chief unions in November, 1861 and 1862 ; Cotton mills and poor rates ; Condition of the small shopkeepers ; Itinerant singers ; The distress in France ; North and South ; Test labour in Manchester -- ch. 9. Progress of Preston, 1851-61 ; Condition in May, 1862 ; Organisation of relief committee ; Visits to the poor ; The soup kitchen ; Out-door work for the guardians ; Increase of blackburn ; Large properties of small employers ; Condition of co-operative stores and joint-stock companies ; The political relief committee ; Specimens of paupers ; Mr. Farnall's report ; Condition of Wigan ; Visit to Amy lane ; Stockport to let ; Operative beggars ; Lord Egerton and the public works ; Mr. Farnall on the state of Ashton -- ch. 10. Origin of the mansion house fund ; Letters of 'a Lancashire lad' ; Deputation to the Lord Mayor ; Balance sheet and list of subscriptions
Notes First edition published in 1866 Simpkin, Marshall & Co
Subject Cotton famine (1861-1864)
Cotton famine, 1861-1864.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 0203041763