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Book Cover
Author Jacobs, James A. (James Alan), 1956- author

Title Environmental considerations associated with hydraulic fracturing operations : adjusting to the shale revolution in a green world / James A. Jacobs, Stephen M. Testa
Edition 1st
Published Hoboken, New Jersey : John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2019
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource
Contents <P><b>Contents</b></p> <p><b>Foreword</b></p> <p><b>Acknowledgements</b></p> <p><b>Chapter 1</b></p> <p>1.0 Introduction</p> <p>1.1 Introduction</p> <p>1.2 Cultural influences</p> <p>1.3 Conventional versus unconventional resources</p> <p>1.4 Well stimulation</p> <p>1.4.1 Types of well stimulation technologies</p> <p>1.4.2 Terminology</p> <p>1.5 Hydraulic fracturing in the United States</p> <p>1.6 Environmental considerations</p> <p>1.6.1 Environmental Stewardship</p> <p>1.6.2 The New Energy Landscape and Environmental Challenges</p> <p>1.7 Exercises</p> <p>1.8 References</p> <p><b>2.0 Historic Development From Fracturing To Hydraulic Fracturing</b></p> <p>2.1 Introduction</p> <p>2.2 Explosives And Guns (1820s-1930s)</p> <p>2.2.1 The Battle of Fredericksburg and the Roberts Petroleum Torpedo. Company</p> <p>2.2.2 Well Casing Perforators</p> <p>2.2.3 The First Perforating Guns</p> <p>2.2.4 Bazooka Technology</p> <p>2.2.5 Matrix Acidizing Treatment</p> <p>2.2.6 The Sulphur King</p> <p>2.2.7 Modern Age of Acidizing</p> <p>2.3 The Birth Of The Petroleum Engineer (1940s-1950s)</p> <p>2.3.1 The Hydrafac Process</p> <p>2.4 Going Nuclear During Peak Oil (1960s-MID1970s)</p> <p>2.4.1 Project Plowshare</p> <p>2.4.2 Project Gasbuggy</p> <p>2.4.3 Project Rulison and Project Rio Blanco</p> <p>2.4.4 Project Bronco</p> <p>2.4.5 Project Wagon Wheel</p> <p>2.4.6 Former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) Program</p> <p>2.4.7 Other Innovations</p> <p>2.4.8 Peak Oil</p> <p>2.5 The Rise Of The Unconventionals (mid1970s-present)</p> <p>2.5.1 Horizontal Drilling</p> <p>2.5.2 The Carter Years and the Role of the Feds</p> <p>2.5.3 Recent Innovations in Fluids and Additives (2000-2010)</p> <p>2.6 Exercises</p> <p>2.7 References</p> <p><b>3.0 Geology Of Unconventional Resources</b></p> <p>3.1 Introduction</p> <p>3.2 Oil Shale Nomenclature</p> <p>3.3 Oil Shale Classification</p> <p>3.4 Types Of Formations Based On Production</p> <p>Shale Gas</p> <p>Tight Natural Gas</p> <p>Tight Oil</p> <p>Coal Bed Natural Gas</p> <p>3.5 Geology Of United States Shale Deposits</p> <p>Green River Formation</p> <p>Eastern Devonian-Mississippian Oil Shale Case Study</p> <p>Specific Shale Plays</p> <p>Barnett Shale</p> <p>The Marcellus Shale</p> <p>The Fayetteville Shale</p> <p>The Haynesville Shale</p> <p>The Woodford Shale</p> <p>The Antrim Shale</p> <p>The New Albany Shale</p> <p>The Bakken Formation and Three Forks Formations</p> <p>The Monterey Formation/Monterey Temblor</p> <p>Geology of World Shale Deposits</p> <p>3.6 The Role Of Natural Fractures</p> <p>3.7 Exercises</p> <p>3.8 References</p> <p><b>4.0 Overview Of Drilling And Hydraulic Fracture Stimulation Techniques For Tight Oil And Gas Shale Formations</b></p> <p>4.1 Introduction</p> <p>Overview of the Exploration-Production Life Cycle</p> <p>Phases of Activity</p> <p>4.2 Phase 1 -- Prospect Generation For Unconventional Oil And Gas Targets</p> <p>Unconventional Resources Prospecting</p> <p>Geologic and Reservoir Study</p> <p>Evaluation of Aerial Extent</p> <p>Site-Specific Technical Details</p> <p>Geochemistry and Basin History</p> <p>Unconventional Resource Issues</p> <p>Estimating Oil and Gas</p> <p>Original Oil in Place (OOIP)</p> <p>Original Gas in Place (OGIP)</p> <p>Risk Factors</p> <p>Geochemistry Studies</p> <p>Geophysical Data Acquisition</p> <p>Gravity Surveys</p> <p>Geomagnetic Surveys</p> <p>Seismic Reflection Surveys</p> <p>4.3 Phase 2 -- Planning Phase</p> <p>Leases</p> <p>Drilling Permit Process and Public Participation</p> <p>Drilling Pad Construction</p> <p>4.4 Phase 3 -- Drilling</p> <p>Drilling Rig</p> <p>Circulation System</p> <p>Logging Equipment</p> <p>Fluid Management System</p> <p>Drill String</p> <p>Directional Drilling and Horizontal Drilling</p> <p>Casing System</p> <p>Conductor Casing</p> <p>Surface Casing</p> <p>Intermediate Casing</p> <p>Production Casing</p> <p>Blowout Preventer</p> <p>Cementing System</p> <p>4.5 Brief Overview Of Hydraulic Fracturing</p> <p>4.6 Operators And Contractors</p> <p>4.7 Phase 4 -- Completion</p> <p>4.8 Overview Of Hydraulic Fracturing Process</p> <p>Technology Improvements</p> <p>4.9 Single Stage Treatment</p> <p>Four Phase Treatment</p> <p>Phase 1 -- Acid Injection</p> <p>Phase 2 -- Slickwater Injection</p> <p>Phase 3 -- Proppant Sequence Injection</p> <p>Phase 4 -- Flushing Phase</p> <p>4.10 Fluid Recovery And Waste Management</p> <p>Flowback Fluids</p> <p>4.11 Oil And Gas Production</p> <p>Residual Oil Zones: Unconventional Target</p> <p>Co-Produced Water</p> <p>4.12 Norm</p> <p>Transportation Challenges</p> <p>Lithium Source</p> <p>Oil and Gas Production Limits</p> <p>4.13 Workshop #1 -- Gas Well Economic Limit</p> <p>4.14 Workshop #2 -- Oil Well Economics</p> <p>4.15 Well Or Field Abandonment</p> <p>Site Restoration</p> <p>4.16 Summary</p> <p>4.17 Exercises</p> <p>4.18 References</p> <p><b>5.0 Overview Of Impacts From Tight Oil And Shale Gas Resource Development</b></p> <p>5.1 Introduction</p> <p>5.2 Potential Impacts And Risk Of Spills</p> <p>5.3 Significance Of Impacts</p> <p>5.4 Overview Of The Five Main Resource Categories</p> <p>Air Resources</p> <p>Geological and Soil Resources</p> <p>Ecological Resources</p> <p>Land Use Resources and Socioeconomics</p> <p>Water Resources</p> <p>5.5 Primary Wastes Generated</p> <p>5.6 Site-Specific Impact Analysis</p> <p>Checklist for Site-Specific Impact Analysis</p> <p>5.6.1 Impacts from Phase 1 -- Prospect Generation</p> <p>Geochemical Sampling</p> <p>Geophysical Surveys</p> <p>5.6.2 Impacts from Phase 2 -- Planning and Site Preparation</p> <p>Emissions</p> <p>Surface Footprint</p> <p>Waste Generation</p> <p>Water</p> <p>Workforce and Time</p> <p>Other Impacts</p> <p>5.6.3 Impacts from Phase 3 -- Drilling</p> <p>Emissions</p> <p>Hazardous Materials</p> <p>Surface Footprint</p> <p>Waste Generation</p> <p>Water Requirements</p> <p>Workforce and Time</p> <p>Utility Requirements</p> <p>Other Impacts</p> <p>Blowouts</p> <p>Well Control</p> <p>Fracking Related Surface Blowouts</p> <p>Underground Blowouts</p> <p>5.6.4 Impacts from Produced Fluids and Gases at Oil and Gas Fields</p> <p>Constituents of Environmental Concern</p> <p>5.6.5 Impacts from Natural Gas</p> <p>5.6.6 Impacts from Crude Oil</p> <p>5.6.7 Impacts from Phase 4 -- Well Completion and Hydraulic Fracture Stimulation</p> <p>5.6.8 Impacts from Phase 5 -- Fluid Recovery and Waste Management</p> <p>5.6.9 Impacts from Naturally-Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORMS)</p> <p>5.6.10 Impacts from Other Miscellaneous Hazardous Compounds</p> <p>5.6.11 Impacts from Phase 6 -- Oil and Gas Production</p> <p>Activities</p> <p>Spills and Leaks</p> <p>Surface Footprint</p> <p>Utility Requirements</p> <p>Waste Generation</p> <p>Water Needs</p> <p>Workforce and Time</p> <p>5.6.12 Impacts from Drilling Fluids and Production Wastes</p> <p>5.6.13 Impacts from Specific Oil and Gas Field Locations</p> <p>5.6.14 Impacts from Historic and Abandoned Oil, Gas and Water Wells</p> <p>5.6.15 Impacts from Transportation Activities</p> <p>5.6.16 Impacts from Phase 7 -- Well Abandonment and Site Restoration</p> <p>Emissions</p> <p>Exhaust</p> <p>Surface Footprint</p> <p>Waste Generation</p> <p>Water Needs</p> <p>Workforce and Time</p> <p>Utility Requirements</p> <p>5.7 SUMMARY OF RESOURCES AND ISSUES</p> <p>Air Resources</p> <p>Mitigation Measures</p> <p>Ecological Resources</p> <p>Mitigation Measures</p> <p>Cultural and Paleontological Resources</p & g
Summary A guide to environmental and communication issues related to fracking and the best approach to protect communities Environmental Considerations Associated with Hydraulic Fracturing Operations offers a much-needed resource that explores the complex challenges of fracking by providing an understanding of the environmental and communication issues that are inherent with hydraulic fracturing. The book balances the current scientific knowledge with the uncertainty and risks associated with hydraulic fracking. In addition, the authors offer targeted approaches for helping to keep communities safe. The authors include an overview of the historical development of hydraulic fracturing and the technology currently employed. The book also explores the risk, prevention, and mitigation factors that are associated with fracturing. The authors also include legal cases, regulatory issues, and data on the cost of recovery. The volume presents audit checklists for gathering critical information and documentation to support the reliability of the current environmental conditions related to fracking operations and the impact fracking can have on a community. This vital resource: -Contains the technical information and mitigation recommendations for safety and environmental issues related to hydraulic fracturing -Offers an historical overview of conventional and unconventional oil and gas drilling -Explains the geologic and technical issues associated with fracking of tight sand and shale formulations -Presents numerous case studies from the United States EPA and other agencies -Discusses issues of co-produced waste water and induced seismicity from the injection of wastewater Written for environmental scientists, geologists, engineers, regulators, city planners, attorneys, foresters, wildlife biologists, and others, Environmental Considerations Associated with Hydraulic Fracturing Operations offers a comprehensive resource to the complex environmental and communication issues related to fracking
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes CIP data; resource not viewed
Subject Hydraulic fracturing -- Environmental aspects
Form Electronic book
Author Testa, Stephen M., author
ISBN 1119336104