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Title Encyclopedia of African-American culture and history : the Black experience in the Americas / Colin A. Palmer, editor in chief
Edition 2nd ed
Published Detroit, Mich. : Macmillan Reference USA, 2006
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Description 1 online resource
Series Gale virtual reference library
Gale virtual reference library.
Contents v. 1. A-B -- Preface to the First Edition -- Preface to the Second Edition -- Foreword -- Introduction -- Africa: An Introduction -- List of Articles -- Directory of Contributors -- Aaron, Hank -- Abakuá -- Abbott, Robert Sengstacke -- Abdul-Jabbar, Kareem -- Abernathy, Ralph David -- Abolition -- Abyssinian Baptist Church -- Adams, Grantley -- Affirmative Action -- African Blood Brotherhood -- African Burial Ground Project -- African Civilization Society (AfCS) -- African Diaspora -- African Free School -- Africanisms -- African Methodist Episcopal Church -- African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church -- African Orthodox Church -- African Union Methodism -- Afrocentrism -- Afrocubanismo -- AIDS in the Americas -- Ailey, Alvin -- Al-Amin, Jamil Abdullah -- Albizu Campos, Pedro -- Aldridge, Ira -- Alexander, Clifford L., Jr. -- Alexander, Raymond Pace -- Alexander, Sadie Tanner Mossell -- Ali, Muhammad -- Allan, Harold -- Allen, Debbie -- Allen, Macon Bolling -- Allen, Richard -- Alleyne, George -- Almeida Bosque, Juan -- Amelioration -- American Moral Reform Society -- American Negro Academy (ANA) -- American Negro Theatre -- American Tennis Association -- Amistad Mutiny -- Anastácia -- Anderson, Marian -- Angelou, Maya -- Anglo-African, The -- Antebellum Convention Movement -- Anthropology and Anthropologists -- Anti-Apartheid Movement -- Anti-Colonial Movements -- Anti-Haitianism -- Apollo Theater -- Aponte, José Antonio -- Archaeology and Archaeologists -- Architecture -- Architecture: Overview -- Vernacular Architecture -- Archival Collections -- Aristide, Jean-Bertrand -- Armstrong, Louis -- Art -- Art in Haiti -- Art in the Anglophone Caribbean -- Art in the United States, Contemporary -- Art Collections -- Ashe, Arthur -- Associated Publishers -- Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians -- Association for the Study of African American Life and History -- Astronauts -- Atlanta Compromise -- Atlanta Riot of 1906 -- Attaway, William -- Attucks, Crispus -- Augier, Roy -- Autobiography, U.S. -- Bagnall, Robert -- Bahá'í Communities in the Caribbean -- Bailey, Amy -- Bailey, Beryl Loftman -- Bailey, Pearl -- Baker, Ella J. -- Baker, Josephine -- Baldwin, James -- Ballet -- Baltimore Afro-American -- Bambara, Toni Cade -- Bandera, Quintín -- Banneker, Benjamin -- Bannister, Edward Mitchell -- Baptists -- Baraka, Amiri (Jones, LeRoi) -- Barbadoes, James G. -- Barbados Labour Party -- Barbosa Gomes, Joaquim Benedito -- Barnett, Marguerite Ross -- Barrow, Errol -- Barrow, Nita -- Barry, Marion -- Barthé, Richmond -- Baseball -- Basie, William James "Count" -- Basketball -- Basquiat, Jean-Michel -- Bates, Daisy -- Battle, Kathleen -- Bearden, Romare -- Bedward, Alexander -- Belafonte, Harry -- Belmanna Riots -- Benn, Brindley -- Bennett, Louise -- Berry, Chuck -- Berry, Halle -- Bethune, Mary McLeod -- Bethune-Cookman College -- Bevel, James -- Bibb, Henry Walton -- Biggart, James -- Biography, U.S. -- Bird, V.C. -- Bishop, Maurice -- Black Academy of Arts and Letters -- Black Arts Movement -- Blackburn, Robert -- Black Caribs -- Black Codes -- Black Dandy, The -- Black Entertainment Television (BET) -- Black History Month/Negro History Week -- Black-Indian Relations -- Black Manifesto -- Black Middle Class -- Black Panther Party for Self-Defense -- Black Power Movement -- Black Press in Brazil -- Black Studies -- Black Towns -- Blackwell, Unita -- Black Women's Club Movement -- Black World/Negro Digest -- Blaize, Herbert -- Blake, Eubie -- Blake, Vivian -- Blakey, Art (Buhaina, Abdullah Ibn) -- Blaxploitation Films -- Blues, The -- The Blues -- The Blues in African-American Culture -- Blueswomen of the 1920S and 1930S -- Blyden, Edward Wilmot -- Bogle, Paul -- Bond, Horace Mann -- Bond, Julian -- Bonds, Margaret -- Bontemps, Arna -- Boxing -- Bradley, David -- Bradley, Tom -- Bradshaw, Robert -- Braithwaite, William Stanley -- Brathwaite, Edward Kamau -- Brawley, Benjamin Griffith -- Brawley, Edward McKnight -- Breakdancing -- Briggs, Cyril -- Brimmer, Andrew Felton -- Broadside Press -- Brodber, Erna -- Brooke, Edward W. -- Brooks, Gwendolyn -- Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters -- Brown, Andrew Benjamin -- Brown, Charlotte Hawkins -- Brown, Claude -- Brown, Henry "Box" -- Brown, James -- Brown, Ronald H. -- Brown, Roscoe, Jr. -- Brown, Sterling Allen -- Brown, William Wells -- Brown, Willie -- Brown Fellowship Society -- Brownsville, Texas, Incident -- Brown volume Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas -- Bruce, Blanche Kelso -- Bruce, John Edward -- Bubbles, John -- Bullins, Ed -- Bunche, Ralph -- Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands -- Burke, Lilly Mae -- Burke, Rudolph Augustus -- Burke, Yvonne Brathwaite -- Burleigh, Harry T. -- Burnett, Charles -- Burnham, Forbes -- Burns, Anthony -- Burroughs, Margaret Taylor -- Burroughs, Nannie Helen -- Bustamante, Alexander -- Butler, Octavia -- Butler, Uriah -- Butts, Calvin
v. 1. A-B -- volume 2. C-F -- volume 3. G-L -- volume 4. M-P -- volume 5. Q-Z -- volume 6. Appendix, Index
volume 2. C-F -- Caesar, Shirley -- Cain, Richard Harvey -- Calloway, Cab -- Calloway, Nathaniel -- Calypso -- Cambridge, Godfrey MacArthur -- Campbell, Clifford Clarence -- Canada, Blacks in -- Canadian Writers -- Canadian Writers in English -- Canadian Writers in French -- Candomblé -- Capoeira -- Cardozo, Francis L. -- Carew, Jan -- Carey, Lott -- Caribbean Commission -- Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM) -- Caribbean/North American Writers (Contemporary) -- Caribbean Theater, Anglophone -- Carmichael, Stokely -- Carneiro, Edison -- Carney, William H. -- Carnival in Brazil and the Caribbean -- Carroll, Diahann -- Carter, John -- Carter, Martin -- Carver, George Washington -- Cary, Mary Ann Shadd -- Catholicism in the Americas -- Catlett, Elizabeth -- Cayton, Horace -- Celia -- Cemeteries and Burials -- Central African Religions and Culture in the Americas -- Césaire, Aimé -- Chaguaramas -- Chamberlain, Wilt -- Chambers, George -- Chamoiseau, Patrick -- Chaney, James Earl -- Charles, Eugenia -- Charles, Ezzard -- Charles, Ray (Robinson, Ray Charles) -- Chase, Ashton -- Chavis, Benjamin Franklin, Jr. -- Chesnutt, Charles W. -- Chica da Silva -- Chicago Defender -- Children's Literature -- Childress, Alice -- Chisholm, Shirley -- Christiana Revolt of 1851 -- Christian Denominations, Independent -- Christianity in Film -- Christian Methodist Episcopal Church -- Christian Recorder -- Christophe, Henri -- Civil Rights Congress -- Civil Rights Movement, U.S. -- Civil War, U.S. -- Clark, Kenneth Bancroft -- Clark, Septima -- Clarke, Austin -- Clarke, John Henrik -- Clarke, Lewis G. -- Clay, William Lacy -- Cleage, Albert B., Jr. -- Cleaver, Eldridge -- Cleveland, James -- Club Atenas -- Coartación -- Cobb, W. Montague -- Cochran, Johnnie L., Jr. -- Coker, Daniel -- Cole, Nat "King" -- Coleman, Bessie -- Coleman, Ornette -- Collins, Cardiss -- Colón Man -- Colored Farmers Alliance -- Coltrane, John -- Combs, Sean -- Comedians -- Comic Books -- Comic Strips -- Communist Party of the United States -- Community Radio -- Condé, Maryse -- Cone, James H. -- Congos of Panama -- Congressional Black Caucus -- Congress of National Black Churches, Inc. -- Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) -- Constantine, Learie -- Conyers, John -- Cooke, Howard -- Cook, Mercer -- Cooper, Anna J. -- Coppin, Fanny Jackson -- Coppin, Levi Jenkins -- Cornish, Samuel E. -- Cortez, Jayne -- Cosby, Bill -- Cotton Club -- Council on African Affairs -- Cox, Oliver Cromwell -- Craft, Ellen and William -- Creole Languages of the Americas -- Criminal Justice System -- Crisis, The -- Critchlow, Hubert Nathaniel -- Critical Mixed-Race Studies -- Critical Race Theory -- Crockett, George William, Jr. -- Crouch, Stanley -- Crummell, Alexander -- Cruse, Harold -- Cuffe, Paul -- Cullen, Countee -- Dalton-James, Edith -- Dance, Diasporic -- Dancehall -- Dance Theater of Harlem -- Dandridge, Dorothy -- Danticat, Edwidge -- Dash, Julie -- Da Silva, Benedita -- Das Neves, Eduardo -- Davis, Allison -- Davis, Angela -- Davis, Benjamin O., Jr. -- Davis, Miles -- Davis, Ossie -- Davis, Sammy, Jr. -- DeCarava, Roy -- Declaration of Independence -- Dee, Ruby -- De Jesus, Carolina Maria -- Delaney, Joseph -- Delany, Martin R. -- Delany, Samuel R. -- Dellums, Ron -- Demerara Revolt -- Demography -- Denbow, Claude H.A. -- De Passe, Suzanne -- DePriest, Oscar Stanton -- Dessalines, Jean-Jacques -- Dialect Poetry -- Diasporic Cultures in the Americas -- Dickson, Moses -- Diddley, Bo (McDaniel, Otha Elias) -- Diggs, Charles, Jr. -- Digital Culture -- Dillard University -- Dinkins, David -- Divination and Spirit Possession in the Americas -- Dixon, Melvin -- Documentary Film -- Dodson, Owen -- Domestic Workers -- Domingo, W.A. -- Dom Obá II D'África -- Dorsey, Thomas A. -- Dos Prazeres, Heitor -- Douglas, Aaron -- Douglass, Frederick -- Dove, Rita -- Dove, Ulysses -- Dozens, The -- Drake, St. Clair -- Drama -- Dred Scott v. Sandford -- Dreke, Víctor -- Drew, Charles Richard -- Du Bois, Shirley Graham -- Du Bois, W.E.B. -- Dub Poetry -- Dunbar, Paul Laurence -- Dunbar-Nelson, Alice -- Dunham, Katherine -- Durham Manifesto -- Du Sable, Jean Baptiste Pointe -- Duvalier, François -- Easton, Hosea -- Ebony -- Eckstine, Billy -- Economic Condition, U.S. -- Edelman, Marian Wright -- Education -- Education in the Caribbean -- Education in the United States -- Educational Psychology and Psychologists -- Egipcíaca, Rosa -- Elders, Joycelyn -- Ellington, Edward Kennedy "Duke" -- Ellison, Ralph -- Emancipation -- Emancipation in Latin America and the Caribbean -- Emancipation in the United States -- English, African-American -- Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurship -- Environmental Racism -- Episcopalians -- Equiano, Olaudah -- Estimé, Dumarsais -- Ethnic Origins -- Europe, James Reese -- Evers, Charles -- Evers, Medgar -- Experimental Theater -- Fanon, Frantz -- Fard, Wallace D. -- Farmer, James -- Farm Worker Program -- Farrakhan, Louis -- Father Divine -- Fauset, Jessie Redmon -- February Revolt -- Federal Writers' Project -- Feelings, Thomas -- Feminist Theory and Criticism -- Festivals, U.S. -- Fifteenth Amendment -- Film -- Film in Latin America and the Caribbean -- Film in the United States -- Contemporary Film in the United States -- Filmmakers, Los Angeles School of -- Filmmakers in the Caribbean -- Fisher, Rudolph -- Fisk Jubilee Singers -- Fisk University -- Fitzgerald, Ella -- Flake, Floyd H. -- Flipper, Henry O. -- Folk Arts and Crafts -- Folklore -- Folklore: Overview -- Folklore: Latin American and Caribbean Culture Heroes and Characters -- Folklore: U.S. Folk Heroes and Characters -- Folk Medicine -- Folk Music -- Folk Religion -- Food and Cuisine -- Latin American and Caribbean Food and Cuisine -- U.S. Food and Cuisine -- Football -- Ford, James W. -- Foreman, George -- Forten, James -- Fortune, T. Thomas -- Fourteenth Amendment -- Foxx, Redd -- Francisco, Slinger "The Mighty Sparrow" -- François, Elma -- Franklin, Aretha -- Franklin, C.L. -- Franklin, John Hope -- Franks, Gary -- Fraternal Orders -- Fraternities, U.S. -- Frazier, Edward Franklin -- Frazier, Joe -- Frederick Douglass' Paper -- Free Blacks, 1619-1860 -- Freedman's Bank -- Freedmen's Hospital -- Freedom Rides -- Freedom's Journal -- Freedom Summer -- Freeman, Elizabeth (Mum Bett, Mumbet) -- Freeman, Morgan -- Free Villages -- Frente Negra Brasileira -- Fuller, Charles -- Fuller, Meta Vaux Warrick
volume 3. G-L -- Gabriel Prosser Conspiracy -- Gaines, Ernest J. -- Gairy, Eric -- Gama, Luiz -- Gardens and Yard Art -- Garnet, Henry Highland -- Garrido, Juan -- Garvey, Amy Ashwood -- Garvey, Amy Jacques -- Garvey, Marcus -- Gary Convention -- Gaskin, Winifred -- Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. -- Gaye, Marvin (Gay, Marvin Pentz) -- Gay Men -- George, David -- Gibson, Althea -- Gibson, Josh -- Gillespie, Dizzy -- Giovanni, Nikki -- Glasspole, Florizel -- Glissant, Edouard -- Glover, Danny -- Glover, Savion -- Goldberg, Whoopi -- Gomes, Peter John -- Gómez, Juan Gualberto -- Gordon, George William -- Gordy, Berry -- Gospel Music -- Gossett, Louis, Jr. -- Goveia, Elsa V. -- Grace, Sweet Daddy -- Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose -- Grajales Cuello, Mariana -- Grandfather Clause -- Grandmaster Flash (Saddler, Joseph) -- Gravenberch, Adolf Frederik -- Gray, William H., III -- Great Depression and the New Deal -- Green, Al -- Gregory, Dick -- Griggs, Sutton Elbert -- Grimké, Angelina Weld -- Grimké, Archibald Henry -- Grimké, Charlotte L. Forten -- Grimké, Francis James -- Guardian, The -- Guillén, Nicolás -- Gullah -- Hair and Beauty Culture -- Hair and Beauty Culture in Brazil -- Hair and Beauty Culture in the United States -- Haitian Creole Language -- Haitian Revolution -- Haitian Revolution: Overview -- American Reaction to the Haitian Revolution -- Haley, Alex -- Hall, Prince -- Hamer, Fannie Lou (Townsend, Fannie Lou) -- Hamilton, William -- Hammon, Briton -- Hammon, Jupiter -- Hammons, David -- Hampton, Lionel Leo -- Hampton Institute -- Hancock, Gordon Blaine -- Hancock, Herbie -- Hansberry, Lorraine -- Harlem, New York -- Harlem Globetrotters -- Harlem Renaissance -- Harlem Writers Guild -- Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins -- Harris, Abram Lincoln, Jr. -- Harris, Barbara Clementine -- Harris, Patricia Roberts -- Harris, Wilson -- Harrison, Hubert Henry -- Hart Sisters of Antigua -- Hastie, William Henry -- Hatcher, Richard Gordon -- Hayes, Isaac -- Haywood, Harry -- Headley, George -- Healing and the Arts in Afro-Caribbean Cultures -- Hearne, John (Caulwell, Edgar) -- Hector, Tim -- Height, Dorothy -- Hemphill, Essex -- Hendrix, Jimi -- Henson, Josiah -- Henson, Matthew A. -- Higginbotham, A. Leon, Jr. -- Highlander Citizenship School -- Hill, Errol -- Hill, Ken -- Hilliard, Earl Frederick -- Hill-Thomas Hearings -- Himes, Chester -- Hines, Gregory -- Hip-Hop -- Historians and Historiography, African American -- Holder, Geoffrey -- Holiday, Billie -- Holiness Movement -- Holland, Jerome Heartwell -- Holly, James T. -- Hood, James Walker -- Hooker, John Lee -- Hooks, Benjamin L. -- Hope, John -- Hope, Lugenia Burns -- Hopkins, Pauline Elizabeth -- Horne, Lena -- Horton, George Moses -- Hospitals in the United States, Black -- Houston, Charles Hamilton -- Houston, Whitney -- Howard University -- Hoyte, Desmond -- Hudson, Hosea -- Hughes, Langston -- Huie, Albert -- Huiswoud, Otto -- Hunter-Gault, Charlayne -- Hunton, William Alphaeus, Jr. -- Hurston, Zora Neale -- Hutson, Jean Blackwell -- Identity and Race in the United States -- Innis, Roy -- Institute of the Black World -- Insurance Companies -- Intellectual Life -- International Relations of the Anglophone Caribbean -- Inventors and Inventions -- Islam -- Islam in North America -- Islam in the Caribbean -- Jack and Jill of America -- Jackson, George Lester -- Jackson, Janet -- Jackson, Jesse -- Jackson, Jimmy Lee -- Jackson, Joseph Harrison -- Jackson, Lillie Mae Carroll -- Jackson, Luther Porter -- Jackson, Mahalia -- Jackson, Maynard Holbrook, Jr. -- Jackson, Michael -- Jackson Family -- Jacobs, Harriet Ann -- Jamaica Labour Party -- Jamaica Progressive League -- James, A.P.T. -- James, C.L.R. -- James, Daniel "Chappie" -- James, Etta -- Jamison, Judith -- Jazz -- Jazz: Overview -- Jazz in African-American Culture -- Jazz Singers -- Jeffers, Audrey -- Jefferson, Blind Lemon -- Jesús, Úrsula de -- Jet -- Jim Crow -- John Henry -- Johnson, Charles Richard -- Johnson, Charles Spurgeon -- Johnson, Earvin "Magic" -- Johnson, Jack -- Johnson, James Weldon -- Johnson, Joshua -- Johnson, Mordecai Wyatt -- Johnson, Noble and George -- Jones, Absalom -- Jones, Claudia -- Jones, Gayl -- Jones, James Earl -- Jones, Philip Mallory -- Jones, Quincy -- Jongo -- Joplin, Scott -- Jordan, Barbara -- Jordan, June -- Jordan, Michael -- Jordan, Vernon E., Jr. -- Jordon, Edward -- Joshua, Ebenezer -- Journalism -- Journal of African American History, The -- Judaism -- Just, Ernest -- Karenga, Maulana -- Kawaida -- Keckley, Elizabeth -- Keith, Damon Jerome -- Kennedy, Adrienne -- Kennedy, Imogene Queenie -- Kerner Report -- Killens, John Oliver -- Kincaid, Jamaica -- King, "B. B." -- King, Coretta Scott -- King, Don -- King, Iris -- King, Martin Luther, Jr. -- Life -- Legacy -- King, Sydney (Kwayana, Eusi) -- Kitt, Eartha Mae -- Knight, Gladys -- Kumina -- Kwanza -- LaBelle, Patti (Holt, Patricia Louise) -- Labor and Labor Unions -- Labov, William -- Lafayette Players -- Lam, Wifredo -- Lamming, George -- Lampkin, Daisy -- Langston, John Mercer -- Larsen, Nella -- Last Poets -- Latimer, Lewis Howard -- Laveau, Marie -- Law and Liberty in England and America -- Lawrence, Jacob -- Lawrence, Margaret -- Leadbelly (Ledbetter, Hudson William) -- League of Revolutionary Black Workers -- Lee, Spike -- Leon, Rose -- Leonard, Sugar Ray -- Lesbians -- Lester, Julius -- Lewis, Arthur -- Lewis, Edmonia -- Lewis, John -- Liberation Theology -- Liberator, The -- Liele, George -- Lighbourne, Robert -- Ligon, Glenn -- Lincoln, Abbey -- Lincoln Theatre -- Lincoln University -- Lisboa, Antônio Francisco -- Literacy Education -- Literary Criticism, U.S. -- Literary Criticism, U.S.: Overview -- Literary Criticism, U.S.: Scholarship in the Twenty-First Century -- Literary Magazines -- Literature -- Literature of French Guiana -- Literature of Haiti -- Literature of Martinique and Guadeloupe -- Literature of Suriname -- Literature of the English-Speaking Caribbean -- Literature of the Netherlands Antilles -- Literature of the United States -- Little Richard (Penniman, Richard) -- L.L. Cool J (Smith, James Todd) -- Locke, Alain Leroy -- Logan, Rayford W. -- Longbridge-Bustamante, Gladys -- Lorde, Audre -- Louis, Joe -- Lovelace, Earl -- Lowery, Joseph E. -- Lowndes County Freedom Organization -- Lucy Foster, Autherine -- Luperón, Gregorio -- Lynch, John Roy -- Lynching
v. 4. M-P -- Mabley, Jackie "Moms" -- Maceo, Antonio -- Machado de Assis, Joaquim Maria -- Mackey, William Wellington -- Madame Satã (Dos Santos, João Francisco) -- Madhubuti, Haki R. (Lee, Don L.) -- Mais, Roger -- Makandal, François -- Malcolm X -- Malê Rebellion -- Manley, Edna -- Manley, Michael -- Manley, Norman -- Manning, Patrick -- Manumission Societies -- Manzano, Juan Francisco -- Marley, Bob -- Maroon Arts -- Maroon Societies in the Caribbean -- Marrant, John -- Marsalis, Wynton -- Marshall, Kerry James -- Marshall, Paule -- Marshall, Thurgood -- Marson, Una -- Martin, John Sella -- Masculinity -- Mathematicians -- Mathis, Johnny (Mathias, John Royce) -- Mayfield, Julian -- Mayors -- Mays, Benjamin E. -- Mays, Willie -- McBurnie, Beryl -- McDaniel, Hattie -- McHenry, Donald F. -- McIntosh, George -- McKay, Claude -- McKinney, Cynthia Ann -- McKissick, Floyd B. -- McMillan, Terry -- McRae, Carmen -- Media and Identity in the Caribbean -- Medical Associations -- Meek, Carrie -- Meredith, James H. -- Messenger, The -- Metcalfe, Ralph -- Mfume, Kweisi -- Michaux, Elder -- Micheaux, Oscar -- Midwifery -- Migration -- Migration in the African Diaspora -- U.S. Migration/Population -- Military Experience, African-American -- Million Man March -- Mingus, Charles -- Minstrels/Minstrelsy -- Missionary Movements -- Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party -- Mitchell, Arthur -- Mitchell, Arthur Wergs -- Mitchell, Clarence, Jr. -- Mitchell, Parren J. -- Modern Jazz Quartet -- Moncada, Guillermo -- Monk, Thelonious Sphere -- Montejo, Esteban -- Montgomery, Ala., Bus Boycott -- Montgomery Improvement Association -- Moody, Anne -- Moody, Harold Arundel -- Moore, Archie -- Moore, Audley "Queen Mother" -- Moore, Richard Benjamin -- Morant Bay Rebellion -- Moravian Church -- Morehouse College -- Morejón, Nancy -- Morris Knibb, Mary -- Morrison, Toni -- Mortality and Morbidity -- Mortality and Morbidity in Latin America and the Caribbean -- Mortality and Morbidity in the United States -- Moseley-Braun, Carol -- Moses, Robert Parris -- Motley, Archibald John, Jr. -- Motley, Constance Baker -- Moton, Robert Russa -- Mound Bayou, Mississippi -- Movimento Negro Unificado -- Moyne Commission -- Muddy Waters (Morganfield, McKinley) -- Muhammad, Elijah -- Mulzac, Hugh -- Muralists -- Murphy, Eddie -- Murray, Pauli -- Museums -- Music -- Music in Latin America -- Music in the United States -- Music, Religion, and Perceptions of Crime in Early Twentieth-Century Rio de Janeiro -- Musical Instruments -- Musical Theater -- Music Collections, Black -- Muslims in the Americas -- Mutual Aid Societies -- Myal -- Myers, Isaac -- NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund -- Nabrit, James Madison -- Names and Naming, African -- Names Controversy -- Nanny of the Maroons -- Nascimento, Abdias Do -- Nash, Diane -- Nash, William Beverly -- National Afro-American League/Afro-American Council -- National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) -- National Association of Colored Women -- National Association of Negro Musicians -- National Bankers Association -- National Baptist Convention, U.S.A., Inc. -- National Black Evangelical Association -- National Council of Negro Women -- National Federation of Afro-American Women -- National Hospital Association -- Nationalism in the United States in the Nineteenth Century -- National League for the Protection of Colored Women -- National Negro Congress -- National Negro Labor Council -- National Urban League -- National Welfare Rights Organization -- Nation of Islam -- Nat Turner's Rebellion -- Natural Resources of the Caribbean -- Naylor, Gloria -- Neal, Larry -- Négritude -- Negro American Labor Council -- Negro Elections Day -- Negro National Anthem -- Negro Sanhedrin -- Negros Brujos -- Negro String Quartet -- Negro World -- Nell, William Cooper -- Nethersole, Noel Newton -- Nettleford, Rex -- New Jewel Movement -- New Media and Digital Culture -- New Negro -- Newton, Huey P. -- Newton, James -- Niagara Movement -- Nixon, Edgar Daniel -- Noble Drew Ali -- Norman, Jessye -- North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company -- Northrup, Solomon -- North Star -- Norton, Eleanor Holmes -- Numbers Games -- Nursing -- Nursing in the Caribbean -- Nursing in the United States -- OBAC Writers' Workshop -- Obeah -- Oblate Sisters of Providence -- Odetta (Gordon, Odetta Holmes Felious) -- Ogbu, John -- O'Leary, Hazel Rollins -- Olympians -- Opera -- Operation PUSH (People United to Serve Humanity) -- Opportunity: Journal of Negro Life -- Orisha -- Owen, Chandler -- Owens, Jesse -- Padmore, George -- Paige, Satchel -- Painter, Nell Irvin -- Painting and Sculpture -- Palcy, Euzhan -- Palenque San Basilio -- Palmares -- Pan-Africanism -- Pan-African Orthodox Church (The Shrine of the Black Madonna) -- Panama Canal -- Parker, Charlie -- Parks, Gordon -- Parks, Rosa -- Parks, Suzan-Lori -- Parsons, Lucy -- Partido Independiente de Color -- Passing -- Patents and Inventions -- Patterson, Floyd -- Patterson, Percival James "P. J." -- Patterson, William -- Payne, Daniel Alexander -- Peck, Raoul -- Pelé (Edson Arantes Do Nascimento) -- Pennington, James W.C. -- Pentecostalism -- Pentecostalism in Latin America and the Caribbean -- Pentecostalism in North America -- People's National Congress -- Peoples National Movement -- People's National Party -- Performance Art -- Philanthropy and Foundations -- Phillips, Caryl -- Phillips-Gay, Jane -- Photography -- Diasporic Photography -- Photography, U.S. -- Phylon -- Pinchback, P.B.S. -- Pindling, Lynden Oscar -- Piper, Adrian -- Pittsburgh Courier -- Plessy volume Ferguson -- Poetry, U.S. -- Poitier, Sidney -- Political Ideologies -- Politics -- Politics and Politicians in Latin America -- Politics in the United States -- Women and Politics in Latin America and the Caribbean -- Poor, Salem -- Poor People's Campaign -- Popular Culture -- Port Royal Experiment -- Powell, Colin -- Powers, Harriet -- Presbyterians -- Price, George -- Price, Mary Violet Leontyne -- Pride, Charley Frank -- Primitive Baptists -- Prince, Lucy Terry -- Prince, Mary -- Prince (Nelson, Prince Rogers) -- Printmaking -- Proctor, Henry Hugh -- Professional Organizations -- Protestantism in the Americas -- Pryor, Richard -- Purvis, Robert -- Puryear, Martin
volume 5. Q-Z -- Quarles, Benjamin -- Queen Latifah (Owens, Dana Elaine) -- Querino, Manuel -- Race, Scientific Theories of -- Race and Education in Brazil -- Race and Science -- Racial Democracy in Brazil -- Radio -- Ragtime -- Rainbow/PUSH Coalition -- Raines, Franklin D. -- Rainey, Ma -- Randolph, Asa Philip -- Rangel, Charles Bernard -- Rap -- Rapier, James Thomas -- Rastafarianism -- Rebouças, André -- Rebouças, Antônio Pereira -- Recording Industry -- Redding, Jay Saunders -- Redding, Otis -- Red Summer -- Reed, Ishmael -- Reggae -- Reggae Aesthetics -- Religion -- Remond, Charles Lenox -- Remond, Sarah Parker -- Renaissance Big Five (Harlem Rens) -- Reparations -- Representations of Blackness -- Representations of Blackness in Latin America and the Caribbean -- Representations of Blackness in the United States -- Republic of New Africa -- Revels, Hiram Rhoades -- Revivalism -- Revolta da Chibata -- Revolutionary Action Movement -- Rhythm and Blues -- Rice, Condoleezza -- Rier, Carl P. -- Riggs, Marlon -- Ringgold, Faith -- Riots and Popular Protests -- Risquet, Jorge -- Roach, Max -- Robeson, Eslanda -- Robeson, Paul -- Robinson, A.N.R. -- Robinson, Bill "Bojangles" -- Robinson, Jackie -- Robinson, Jo Ann Gibson -- Robinson, Sugar Ray -- Rodney, Walter -- Rolle, Esther -- Romaine-la-Prophétesse -- Roosevelt's Black Cabinet -- Ross, Diana -- Rowan, Carl T. -- Rudolph, Wilma -- Ruggles, David -- Runaway Slaves -- Runaway Slaves in Latin America and the Caribbean -- Runaway Slaves in the United States -- Run-D.M.C. -- Russwurm, John Brown -- Rustin, Bayard -- Saar, Alison -- Saar, Betye Irene -- Salem, Peter -- Samba -- Sanchez, Sonia -- Sangster, Donald -- San Lorenzo de los Negros -- San Martín de Porras -- Santería -- Santería Aesthetics -- Santos-Febres, Mayra -- Savage, Augusta -- Savoy Ballroom -- Scholes, Theophilus -- Schomburg, Arthur -- Schuyler, George S. -- Science -- Scott, Emmett J. -- Scott, Hazel -- Scott, James Sylvester -- Scott-Heron, Gil -- Scottsboro Case -- Seacole, Mary -- Seale, Bobby -- Shabazz, Betty -- Shakur, Assata (Chesimard, Joanne Deborah Bryon) -- Shange, Ntozake -- Sharpe, Samuel -- Sharpton, Al -- Shearer, Hugh -- Sherlock, Philip -- Shuttlesworth, Fred L. -- Sickle-Cell Disease -- Simmons, Russell -- Simmons, Ruth J. -- Simone, Nina (Waymon, Eunice Kathleen) -- Simpson, Lorna -- Simpson, O.J. -- Simpson Miller, Portia -- Singleton, Benjamin "Pap" -- Singleton, John -- Sisters of the Holy Family -- Skin Color -- Slave Codes -- Slave Narratives -- Slave Narratives of the Caribbean and Latin America -- Slave Religions -- Slavery -- Slavery and the Constitution -- Slave Trade -- Sleet, Moneta J., Jr. -- Smalls, Robert -- Smith, Anna Deavere -- Smith, Barbara -- Smith, Barbara ("B. Smith") -- Smith, Bessie -- Smith, James McCune -- Smith, Mamie -- Smith, Venture -- Smith, Will -- Sobers, Garfield -- Soccer -- Social Dance -- Social Gospel -- Social Psychology, Psychologists, and Race -- Social Work -- Sociology -- Sociology: Overview -- Scholarship in the Post-Civil Rights Era -- Solomon, Patrick -- Sororities, U.S. -- Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) -- Southwell, Paul -- Spaulding, Charles Clinton -- Spelman College -- Spingarn Medal -- Spiritual Church Movement -- Spirituality -- Spirituals -- Sports -- Stepin Fetchit (Perry, Lincoln) -- Still, William -- Still, William Grant -- Stokes, Carl Burton -- Stono Rebellion -- Stout, Reneé -- Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) -- Sullivan, Leon Howard -- Sullivan, Louis -- Sun Ra (Blount, Herman "Sonny") -- Supremes, The -- Sutton, Percy Ellis -- Sweatt v. Painter -- Tailor's Revolt -- Tanner, Benjamin Tucker -- Tanner, Henry Ossawa -- Tap Dance -- Taylor, Koko -- Television -- Temptations, The -- Tennis -- Terrell, Mary Eliza Church -- Teshea, Isabel -- Textiles, Diasporic -- Tharpe, "Sister" Rosetta -- Theatrical Dance -- Theology, Black -- Third World Women's Alliance -- Thirteenth Amendment -- Thomas, Clarence -- Thurman, Howard -- Thurman, Wallace -- Tia Ciata -- Till, Emmett -- Tolson, Melvin B. -- Toomer, Jean -- Toussaint, Pierre -- Toussaint-Louverture -- TransAfrica Forum -- Trindade, Solano -- Tropical Diseases -- Trotter, James Monroe -- Trotter, William Monroe -- Troupe, Quincy -- Truth, Sojourner -- Tubman, Harriet -- Turner, Benjamin Sterling -- Turner, Henry McNeal -- Turner, Lorenzo Dow -- Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment -- Tuskegee University -- Twilight, Alexander -- Tyson, Cicely -- Tyson, Mike -- Underground Railroad -- Union League of America -- United Negro College Fund -- United States Commission on Civil Rights -- Universal Negro Improvement Association -- University of the West Indies -- Urban Cinema -- Urban Poverty in the Caribbean -- VanDerZee, James -- Van Peebles, Melvin -- Varick, James -- Vaughan, Sarah -- Voodoo -- Voting Rights Act of 1965 -- Walcott, Derek Alton -- Walcott, Frank -- Walcott, Jersey Joe -- Walker, Aida Overton -- Walker, A'Lelia -- Walker, Alice -- Walker, David -- Walker, George William -- Walker, Kara -- Walker, Madam C.J. -- Walker, Margaret -- Walker, Wyatt Tee -- Walrond, Eric Derwent -- Ward, Samuel Ringgold -- Washington, Booker T. -- Washington, Denzel -- Washington, Harold -- Washington, Margaret Murray -- Waters, Ethel -- Waters, Maxine Moore -- Watts, J.C. -- Weaver, Robert Clifton -- Webb, Frank J. -- Weems, Carrie Mae -- Wells-Barnett, Ida B. -- Wesley, Charles Harris -- West, Cornel -- West, Dorothy -- Westerman, George -- West Indies Democratic Labour Party -- West Indies Federal Labour Party -- West Indies Federation -- Wheatley, Phillis -- Whipper, William -- White, Walter Francis -- Whitehead, Colson -- Wideman, John Edgar -- Wilberforce University -- Wilder, Lawrence Douglas -- Wilkins, Roy -- Williams, Bert -- Williams, Billy Dee (December, William) -- Williams, Eric -- Williams, Fannie Barrier -- Williams, Francis -- Williams, George Washington -- Williams, Henry Sylvester -- Williams, Hosea Lorenzo -- Williams, Mary Lou -- Williams, Patricia Joyce -- Williams, Peter, Jr. -- Williams, Robert Franklin -- Williams, Venus and Serena -- Willis, Deborah -- Wilson, August -- Wilson, Flip -- Wilson, Fred -- Wilson, Harriet E. Adams -- Wilson, William Julius -- Winfrey, Oprah -- Winti in Suriname -- Woman's Era -- Women's Magazines -- Women Traders of the Caribbean -- Women Writers of the Caribbean -- Wonder, Stevie (Morris, Stevland) -- Woodford Square -- Woodruff, Hale -- Woods, Tiger -- Woodson, Carter G. -- Work, Monroe Nathan -- Wright, Richard -- Wright, Theodore Sedgwick -- Wynter, Sylvia -- Yerby, Frank -- Yergan, Max -- Yoruba Religion and Culture in the Americas -- Young, Andrew -- Young, Coleman -- Young, Whitney M., Jr. -- Zydeco
v. 6. Appendix, Index -- Primary Source Documents -- The Beginnings of the Portuguese-African Slave Trade in the Fifteenth Century, as Described by the Chronicler Gomes Eannes de Azurara (c. 1450) -- The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African, Written by Himself (Olaudah Equiano, 1789) -- An Appeal in Four Articles (David Walker, 1829) -- The Confessions of Nat Turner (1831) -- The Life Experience and Gospel Labors of the Rt. Rev. Richard Allen (1833) -- Address at the African Masonic Hall (Maria Stewart, 1833) -- An Address to Slaves of the United States of America (Henry Highland Garnet, 1843) -- What to the Slave is the Fourth of July? (Frederick Douglass, 1852) -- The Atlanta Declaration (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, 1854) -- The Call of Providence to the Descendants of Africa in America (Edward Wilmot Blyden, 1862) -- The Emancipation Proclamation (1863) -- Address to the First Annual Meeting of the Equal Rights Association (Sojourner Truth, 1867) -- Thanksgiving Day Sermon: The Social Principle Among a People and Its Bearing on Their Progress and Development (Alexander Crummell, 1875) -- Guerilla Warfare, A Bush Negro View (Johannes King, 1885) -- A Voice from the South (Anna Julia Cooper, 1892) -- The American Negro and His Fatherland (Henry McNeal Turner, 1895) -- The Atlanta Exposition Address (Booker T. Washington, 1895) -- Plessy volume Ferguson -- God is a Negro (Bishop Henry M. Turner, 1898) -- Of Our Spiritual Strivings (W.E.B. Du Bois, 1903) -- The Talented Tenth (W.E.B. Du Bois, 1903) -- The Niagara Movement: Declaration of Principles (1905) -- Poems of the Harlem Renaissance (1919-1931) -- Our Women Getting into the Larger Life (Amy Jacques Garvey, c. 1925) -- Black Skin, White Masks (Frantz Fanon, excerpts, 1952) -- We Shall Overcome (1960) -- The African Presence (George Lamming, 1960) -- I Have a Dream (Martin Luther King Jr., 1963) -- Letter from Birmingham Jail (Martin Luther King Jr., 1963) -- The Ballot or the Bullet (Malcolm X, 1964) -- Life in Mississippi: An Interview with Fannie Lou Hamer (1965) -- Platform and Program of the Black Panther Party (1966) -- Toward Black Liberation (Stokely Carmichael, 1966) -- Black Power--Its Relevance to the West Indies (Walter Rodney, 1968) -- A Black Feminist Statement (The Combahee River Collective, 1977) -- The Afrocentric Idea in Education (Molefi Kete Asante, 1991) -- Statistics and Lists Contents -- Top African-American Owned Businesses in the United States -- African-American U.S. Economic Data -- African-American U.S. Educational Statistics -- African-American Award Winners in Entertainment -- African-American Health Statistics -- African-American Award Winners and Honorees--Pulitzer Prize, Nobel Prize, Presidential Medal of Freedom, U.S. Postage Stamps -- African-American U.S. Occupational Data -- African-American Mayors in U.S. Cities, Representatives in U.S. Congress, and Heads of State in the Americas -- African-American Population Data -- African-American Membership in U.S. Religious Denominations -- African-American Sports Statistics, Lists, and Award Winners -- Text Acknowledgments -- Index
Summary A five-volume set and supplement covering all aspects of the African-American experience from 1619 to the present day. Using biographies, historical essays, and thematic pieces, many written by foremost scholars, it addresses a wide array of subjects in over 2,300 articles to define in one source the cultural roots, participation in American life, and current condition of the African-American community
Notes Title from website (viewed Jan. 4, 2006)
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Original: 6 volume (lxxxvi, 2746 pages) : illustrations ; no physical dimensions available, original not in hand
Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002. http://purl.oclc.org/DLF/benchrepro0212 MiAaHDL
digitized 2010 HathiTrust Digital Library committed to preserve pda MiAaHDL
Print version record
Subject African Americans -- Encyclopedias.
African Americans -- History -- Encyclopedias
Blacks -- America -- Encyclopedias
Blacks -- America -- History -- Encyclopedias
African Americans.
Blacks.
HISTORY -- United States -- State & Local -- General.
America.
Genre/Form Encyclopedia.
Encyclopedias.
Encyclopedias.
History.
Form Electronic book
Author Palmer, Colin A., 1944-2019.
Thomson Gale (Firm)
LC no. 2005013029
ISBN 0028658183
0028660714
0028663918
9780028658186
9780028660714
9780028663913