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Book Cover
Author Beaulieu, Michel S.

Title Labour at the Lakehead : ethnicity, socialism, and politics, 1900-35 / Michel S. Beaulieu
Published Vancouver : UBC Press, 2011
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (xii, 299 pages) : illustrations, map
Contents Part 1. The Roots of Revolution?: 1. Early socialist organizations at the Lakehead, 1900-14; 2. Repression, revitalization, and revolutions, 1914-18 -- Part 2. From Winnipeg to the Workers' Unity League: 3. "The Hog Only Harms Himself if He Topples His Trough": The one big union, 1919-22; 4. "Into the Masses!": The Communist Party of Canada at the Lakehead, 1922-25; 5. Bolshevization and the reorganization of the Lakehead Left, 1925-27; 6. Turning to the left, 1928-30 -- Part 3. The Great Depression and the Third Period: 7. "Class against Class": socialist activities, 1930-32; 8. Wobbly relations: The Communist Party of Canada, the Industrial Workers of the World, and the Lakehead, 1932-35
Summary In the early twentieth century, the Canadian Lakehead was known as a breeding ground for revolution, a place where harsh conditions in dockyards, lumber mills, and railway yards drove immigrants into radical labour politics. This intensely engaging history reasserts Northwestern Ontario's rightful reputation as a birthplace of leftism in Canada by exposing the conditions that gave rise to an array of left-wing organizations, including the Communist Party, the One Big Union, and the Industrial Workers of the World. Yet, as Michel Beaulieu shows, the circumstances and actions of Lakehead labour, especially those related to ideology, ethnicity, and personality were complex; they simultaneously empowered and fettered workers in their struggles against the shackles of capitalism. Cultural ties helped bring left-wing ideas to Canada but, as each group developed a distinctive vocabulary of socialism, Anglo-Celtic workers defended their privileges against Finns, Ukrainians, and Italians. At the Lakehead, ethnic difference often outweighed class solidarity -- at the cost of a stronger labour movement for Canada
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 271-284) and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Labor movement -- Ontario -- Thunder Bay -- History -- 20th century.
Labor unions -- Ontario -- Thunder Bay -- History -- 20th century.
Thunder Bay (Ont.) -- Ethnic relations.
Thunder Bay (Ont.) -- Politics and government -- 20th century.
Thunder Bay (Ont.) -- Social conditions -- 20th century.
Genre/Form History.
Form Electronic book
LC no. 2011459873
ISBN 0774820039 (electronic bk.)
9780774820035 (electronic bk.)
Other Titles Labor at the Lakehead