Limit search to available items
2 results found. Sorted by relevance | date | title .
Book Cover

Title Encyclopedia of sustainability science and technology / Robert A. Meyers (Ed.)
Published New York : Springer, [2012]
Online access available from:
Springer eBooks    View Resource Record  


Description 1 online resource (18 volumes) : illustrations
Contents Topical Table of Contents -- Air Pollution Sources, Statistics and Health Effects, Section Editor: Roy M. Harrison -- Aerosol in Global Atmosphere -- Air Pollution Monitoring and Sustainability -- Air Pollution Sources, Statistics and Health Effects, Introduction -- Air Quality Guidelines and Standards -- Air Quality, Surface Transportation Impacts on -- Aviation and Atmosphere -- Regional Air Quality -- Stratospheric Pollution -- Urban Air Quality: Meteorological Processes -- Urban Air Quality: Sources and Concentrations -- Urban Atmospheric Composition Processes
Animal Breeding and Genetics, Section Editor: Ignacy Misztal -- Animal Breeding and Genetics, Introduction -- Animal Breeding Methods and Sustainability -- Animal Breeding, Foundations of -- Animal Breeding, Long-Term Challenges -- Animal Breeding, Modeling in -- Animal Genetic in Environment Interaction -- Animal Molecular Genetics from Major Genes to Genomics -- Breeding in Beef Cattle -- Breeding in Developing Countries and Tropics -- Breeding in Horses -- Dairy Cattle Breeding -- Pig Breeding for Increased Sustainability -- Poultry Breeding -- Socially Affected Traits, Inheritance and Genetic Improvement
Batteries, Section Editor: Ralph J. Brodd -- Batteries, Introduction -- Battery Cathodes -- Battery Components, Active Materials for -- Electrochemical Supercapacitors and Hybrid Systems -- Lead Acid Battery Systems and Technology for Sustainable Energy -- Lithium Battery Electrolyte Stability and Performance from Molecular Modeling and Simulations -- Lithium-Ion Batteries, Electrochemical Reactions in -- Lithium-Ion Batteries, Safety -- Lithium-Ion Battery Systems and Technology -- Medical Device Batteries -- Nanocarbons for Supercapacitors -- Nickel-Based Battery Systems -- Olivine Phosphate Cathode Materials, Reactivity and Reaction Mechanisms -- Rechargeable Batteries, Separators for -- Silicon-Based Anodes for Li-Ion Batteries
Climate Change Modeling Methodology, Section Editor: Philip J. Rasch -- Atmospheric General Circulation Modeling -- Climate Change Modeling Methodology, Introduction -- Climate Change Projections: Characterizing Uncertainty Using Climate Models -- Climate Predictions, Seasonal-to-Decadal -- Coupled Climate and Earth System Models -- Cryosphere, Modeling of -- Earth System Model, Modeling the Land Component of -- Integrated Assessment Modeling -- Monsoon Systems, Modeling of -- Oceanic General Circulation Models -- Regional Climate Models -- Weather Prediction Models
Climate Change Remediation, Section Editor: Timothy M. Lenton and Naomi E. Vaughan -- Biochar, Tool for Climate Change Mitigation and Soil Management -- Carbon Dioxide Sequestration, Weathering Approaches to -- Climate Change Remediation, Introduction to -- Geoengineering Policy and Governance Issues -- Ocean Fertilization for Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide from the Atmosphere -- Solar Radiation Management, Cloud Albedo Enhancement -- Stratospheric Aerosols for Solar Radiation Management -- Sunshades for Solar Radiation Management
Crop Science and Technology, Section Editor: Paul Christou and Roxana Savin -- Abiotic Stress Tolerant Crops: Genes, Pathways and Bottlenecks -- Agroecological Basis for Managing Biotic Constraints -- Agronomic Interactions with CO -- 2 -- Sequestration -- Biomass Crops for Biofuels and Bio-based Products -- Biotechnology and Nutritional Improvement of Crops -- Commercialisation of GM Crops: Comparison of Regulatory Frameworks -- Crop Breeding for Sustainable Agriculture, Genomics Interventions in -- Crop Development Related to Temperature and Photoperiod -- Crop Diseases, Management and Control of -- Crop Plants Transformation Methods -- Crop Radiation Capture and Use Efficiency -- Crop Responses to Available Soil Water -- Crop Responses to Nitrogen -- Crop Science and Technology, Introduction -- Crop Traits: Gene Isolation -- Crop Yields Around the World: Closing the Gap and Raising the Potential -- Cropping Systems: Shaping Nature -- Fertilizer Science and Technology -- Genetic Engineering of Crops for Insect Resistance -- Genotype by Environment Interaction and Adaptation -- Global Economic Impact of Transgenic/Biotech Crops (1996-2008) -- GM Crop Risk Debate, Science and Socioeconomics -- Grain Quality in Oil and Cereal Crops -- Increasing Salinity Tolerance of Crops -- Integrated Pest Management -- Irrigation Management for Efficient Crop Production -- Lodging Resistance in Cereals -- Marker-Assisted Breeding in Crops -- Medicinal Plants, Engineering of Secondary Metabolites in Cell Cultures -- Molecular Breeding Platforms in World Agriculture -- Plant Breeding Under a Changing Climate -- Plant Molecular Pharming, Industrial Enzymes -- Plant Molecular Pharming, Pharmaceuticals for Human Health -- Plant Molecular Pharming, Veterinary Applications -- Roots and Uptake of Water and Nutrients -- Seed Dormancy and Agriculture, Physiology -- Simulation Models as Tools for Crop Management -- Spatial Crop Structure in Agricultural Systems -- Sustainable Herbicide-Resistant Crops -- Sustainable Productivity, Heat Tolerance for -- Transgene Expression in Plants, Control of -- Transgenic Crops Resistant to Fungal, Bacterial, and Viral Pathogens -- Transgenic Crops, Environmental Impact -- Transgenic Crops, Next Generation -- Transgenic Crops, Risk Assessment and Regulatory Framework in the European Union
Earth System Monitoring, Section Editor: John Orcutt -- Airborne and Space-borne Remote Sensing of Cryosphere -- Aircraft and Space Atmospheric Measurements Using Differential Absorption Lidar (DIAL) -- Contemporary Sea Level Variations, Observations and Causes -- Coral Reef Ecosystems -- Earth System Environmental Literacy -- Earth System Monitoring, Introduction -- Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE): Detection of Ice Mass Loss, Terrestrial Mass Changes, -- and Ocean Mass Gains -- Heat Content and Temperature of the Ocean -- Hurricane and Monsoon Tracking with Driftsondes -- Large-Scale Ocean Circulation: Deep Circulation and Meridional Overturning -- Long-Term Ecological Research Network -- Ocean Acidification -- Ocean Evaporation and Precipitation -- Ocean Observatories and Information: Building a Global Ocean Observing Network -- Oil Spill Remote Sensing -- Remote Sensing of Natural Disasters -- Remote Sensing of Ocean Color -- Volcanoes, Observations and Impact
Ecological Systems, Section Editor: Rik Leemans -- Atmospheric Biogeochemistry -- Ecological Succession and Community Dynamics -- Ecological Systems, Introduction -- Ecosystem Engineers, Keystone Species -- Ecosystem Flow Analysis -- Ecosystem Services -- Ecosystems and Spatial Patterns -- Ecosystems, Adaptive Management -- Ecotones and Ecological Gradients -- Invasive Species -- Landscape Ecology -- Marine Biogeochemistry -- Species Competition and Predation -- Species Diversity Within and Among Ecosystems -- Urban Ecology
Electric, Hybrid, and Fuel Cell Vehicles, Section Editor: Mehrdad Ehsani -- AC Machines: Permanent Magnet Synchronous and Induction Machines -- Batteries, Battery Management, and Battery Charging Technology -- Battery Technologies -- Electric, Hybrid, and Fuel Cell Vehicles, Introduction -- Electric, Hybrid Electric and Fuel cell Vehicles, Architectures of -- Energy Storage: Ultracapacitor -- Fuel-Cell-Powered Hybrid electric vehicle HEV Design and Control -- Hybrid Electric and Hydraulic Technology Applications in Off-Road Vehicles -- Hybrid Energy Storage Systems for Vehicle Applications -- Internal Combustion Engines, Alternative Fuels for -- PHEVs and BEVs in Coupled Power and Transportation Systems -- Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles -- Regenerative Braking -- Sustainable Transportation -- Sustainable Vehicle Fuels, Well-to-Wheel Analysis -- Switched Reluctance Motor Drives for Propulsion and Regenerative Braking in EV and HEV -- Vehicle Biofuels -- Vehicle Dynamics and Performance -- Vehicle Energy Storage: Batteries -- Vehicle Traction Motors
Electrical Transmission Systems and Smart Grids, Section Editor: Miroslav M. Begovic -- Distribution Systems, Substations, and Integration of Distributed Generation -- Electrical Transmission Systems and Smart Grids, Introduction -- Energy and Water Interdependence, and Their Implications for Urban Areas -- Renewable Generation, Integration of -- Smart Grids, Distributed Control for -- Sustainable Smart Grids, Emergence of a Policy Framework -- Transmission Blackouts: Risk, Causes, and Mitigation -- Underground Cable Systems -- Wide Area Monitoring, Protection and Control
Environmental Geology, Section Editor: James W. LaMoreaux -- Construction Planning, Environmental Impact of Foundation Studies and Earthquake Issues -- Dam Engineering and Its Environmental Aspects -- Desertification and Impact on Human Systems -- Dredging Practices and Environmental Considerations -- Earthquake Faulting, Ground Motions and Deformations -- Environmental Geology, Introduction -- Geochemical Modeling in Environmental and Geological Studies -- Geologic Carbon Sequestration: Sustainability and Environmental Risk -- Groundwater Impacts of Radioactive Wastes and Associated Environmental Modeling Assessment -- Groundwater Salinity Due to Urban Growth -- Karst Terrane and Transportation Issues -- Land Subsidence in Urban Environment -- Marine Life Associated with Offshore Drilling, Pipelines, and Platforms -- Mining and Its Environmental Impacts -- Natural Resource Flows and Sustainability in Urban Areas -- Volcanoes of Mexico
Environmental Radioactivity and Ecotoxicology of Radioactive Substances, Section Editor: Glen A. Bird -- Environmental Countermeasures and Restoration -- Environmental Radioactivity and Ecotoxicology of Radioactive Substances, Introduction to -- Fallout Radionuclides and the Study of Erosion and Sedimentation -- Ionizing Radiation on Nonhuman Biota, Effects of Low Levels of -- Nuclear Accidents, Chernobyl Fallout in Scandinavian Watersheds -- Radioactivity in the Marine Environment -- Radiation Assessment, Use of Transfer Parameters -- Radiation Effects on Caribou and Reindeer -- Radiation in the Environment, Sources of -- Radionuclide Fate and Transport in Terrestrial Environments -- Radionuclide Migration from Catchments, Modeling -- Radionuclides as Tracers of Ocean Currents -- Speciation of Metals, Effects on Aquatic Biota -- Tritium in the Environment -- Tritium, Health Effects and Dosimetry -- Uranium in the Environment: Behavior and Toxicity
Environmental Toxicology, Section Editor: Edward A. Laws -- Airborne Toxic Chemicals -- Bioaccumulation/Biomagnifications in Food Chains -- Biomarkers and Metabolomics, Evidence of Stress -- Bioremediation and Mitigation -- Biosensors and Bioassays for Ecological Risk Monitoring and Assessment -- CERCLA, Sustainability and Public and Environmental Health -- Ecological and Health Risks at Low Doses -- Ecological Risk Assessment and Animal Models -- Environmental Toxicology, Introduction -- Environmental Toxicology: Carcinogenesis -- Environmental Toxicology: Children at Risk -- Environmental Toxicology: Oxidative Stress -- Microbial Risk Assessment of Pathogens in Water -- Pathogen and Nutrient Transfer Through and Across Agricultural Soils -- Recreational Water Risk: Pathogens and Fecal Indicators -- Science, Policy, and Risk Management: Case of Seafood Safety -- Toxic Chemical Risks -- Xenobiotic Protection/Resistance Mechanisms in Organisms
Fossil Energy, Section Editor: Ripudaman Malhotra -- Alaska Gas Hydrate Research and Field Studies -- CO -- 2 -- Capture and Sequestration -- CO -- 2 -- Reduction and Coal-Based Electricity Generation -- Coal and Peat: Global Resources and Future Supply -- Coal Preparation -- Coal to Liquids Technologies -- Fossil Energy, Introduction -- Gas to Liquid Technologies -- Internal Combustion Engines, Developments in -- Mining Industries and Their Sustainable Management -- Natural Gas Power -- Oil and Natural Gas: Global Resources -- Oil Shale Processing, Chemistry and Technology -- Petroleum and Oil Sands Exploration and Production -- Petroleum Refining and Environmental Control and Environmental Effects -- Pulverized Coal-Fired Boilers and Pollution Control
Fuel Cells, Section Editor: Klaus-Dieter Kreuer -- Alkaline Membrane Fuel Cells -- Direct Hydrocarbon Solid Oxide Fuel Cells -- Fuel Cell Comparison to Alternate Technologies -- Fuel Cell Types and Their Electrochemistry -- Fuel Cells (SOFC): Alternative Approaches (Electroytes, Electrodes, Fuels) -- Fuel Cells, Introduction -- Membrane Electrolytes, from Perfluoro Sulfonic Acid (PFSA) to Hydrocarbon Ionomers -- Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells -- PEM Fuel Cell Materials: Costs, Performance and Durability -- PEM Fuel Cells and Platinum-Based Electrocatalysts -- PEM Fuel Cells, Materials and Design Development Challenges -- Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells for Stationary Applications -- Polybenzimidazole Fuel Cell Technology -- Polymer Electrolyte (PE) Fuel Cell Systems -- Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cells, Automotive Applications -- Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (PEM-FC) and Non-noble Metal -- Catalysts for Oxygen Reduction -- Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: High-Temperature, Low-Humidity Operation -- Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Materials: Durability, Reliability and Cost -- Solid Oxide Fuel Cells -- Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Marketing Issues -- Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Sustainability Aspects
Geothermal Power Stations, Section Editor: Lucien Y. Bronicki -- Engineered Geothermal Systems, Development and Sustainability of -- Geothermal Energy Utilization -- Geothermal Energy, Nature, Use, and Expectations -- Geothermal Energy, Geology and Hydrology of -- Geothermal Field and Reservoir Monitoring -- Geothermal Power Capacity, Sustainability and Renewability of -- Geothermal Power Conversion Technology -- Geothermal Power Economics -- Geothermal Power Stations, Introduction to -- Geothermal Resources Worldwide, Direct Heat Utilization of -- Geothermal Resources, Drilling for -- Geothermal Resources, Environmental Aspects of -- Hydrothermal Systems, Geochemistry of -- Reservoir Engineering in Geothermal Fields
Green Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Section Editor: Paul T. Anastas and Julie B. Zimmerman -- Gas Expanded Liquids for Sustainable Catalysis -- Green Catalytic Transformations -- Green Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Introduction -- Green Chemistry Metrics: Material Efficiency and Strategic Synthesis Design -- Green Chemistry with Microwave Energy -- Nanotoxicology in Green Nanoscience -- New Polymers, Renewables as Raw Materials -- Organic Batteries -- Oxidation Catalysts for Green Chemistry -- Supercritical Carbon Dioxide (CO -- 2 -- ) as Green Solvent
Hazardous Waste, Section Editor: Mervin Fingas -- Contaminated Soil, Remediation of -- Hazardous Materials Characterization and Assessment -- Hazardous Waste Incineration Ashes and Their Utilization -- Hazardous Waste Incinerator Emissions -- Hazardous Waste, Introduction -- Incineration Technologies -- Non-flame Incineration -- Vitrification of Waste and Reuse of Waste-Derived Glass
Hydrogen Production Science and Technology, Section Editor: Timothy E. Lipman -- Electrochemical Hydrogen Production -- Hydrogen Production from High-Temperature Fuel Cells -- Hydrogen Production Science and Technology -- Hydrogen via Direct Solar Production -- Photo-catalytic Hydrogen Production
Infectious Diseases, Section Editor: Phyllis J. Kanki -- Antibiotics for Emerging Pathogens -- HIV/AIDS Global Epidemic -- Infectious Disease Modeling -- Infectious Diseases, Climate Change Effects on -- Infectious Diseases, Introduction -- Infectious Diseases, Vibrational Spectroscopic Approaches to Rapid Diagnostics -- Malaria Vaccines -- Polio and Its Epidemiology -- Tropical Health and Sustainability -- Tuberculosis, Epidemiology of -- Waterborne Infectious Diseases, Approaches to Control
Intelligent Vehicle Technology, Section Editor: Fei-Yue Wang -- Unscented Kalman Filter in Intelligent Vehicles -- 3D Pose Estimation of Vehicles Using Stereo Camera -- Active Multifocal Vision System, Adaptive Control of -- Active Pedestrian Protection System, Scenario-Driven Search Method for -- Cooperative Group of Vehicles and Dangerous Situations, Recognition of -- Driver Assistance System, Biologically Inspired -- Driver Assistance Systems, Automatic Detection and Site Mapping -- Driver Behavior at Intersections -- Driver Characteristics Based on Driver Behavior -- Driver Inattention Monitoring System for Intelligent Vehicles -- Driving Under Reduced Visibility Conditions for Older Adults -- Dynamic Environment Sensing Using an Intelligent Vehicle -- Intelligent Vehicles Technology, Introduction -- Night Vision Pedestrian Warning in Intelligent Vehicles -- True Color Night Vision Video Systems in Intelligent Vehicles -- Vehicle Detection, Tightly Coupled LIDAR and Computer Vision Integration for -- Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks, Enhanced GPSR and Beacon-Assist Geographic Forwarding in
Mass Transit Science and Technology, Section Editor: Gary L. Brosch -- Advanced Public Transport Systems, Simulation-Based Evaluation -- Bicycle Integration with Public Transport -- Bus Rapid Transit and Light Rail Transit Systems: State of Discussion -- Bus Rapid Transit, Institutional Issues Related to Implementation -- Bus Rapid Transit: Worldwide History of Development, Key Systems and Policy Issues -- Bus Versus Rail Implications for Transit-Oriented Development -- Bus Rapid Versus Light Rail Transit: Service Quality, Economic, -- Environmental, and Planning Aspects -- High Speed Rail, Technology Development of -- High-Occupancy Vehicle and Toll Lanes -- HOT Lanes/Value Pricing: Planning and Evaluation of Multiclass Service -- Light Rail Transit in the US and Abroad, Examination of History and Innovations -- Light Rail Transit, Shared Infrastructural Issues -- Light Rail Transit, Systemic Viability -- MAGLEV Technology Development -- Mass Transit Science and Technology, Introduction -- Personal Rapid Transit and Its Development -- Transit-Oriented Development and Land Use
Nuclear Energy, Section Editor: Nicholas Tsoulfanidis -- Dosimetry -- Fission Reactor Physics -- GEN-IV Reactors -- Health Physics -- Ionizing Radiation Detectors -- Isotope Separation Methods for Nuclear Fuel -- Modern Nuclear Fuel Cycles -- Nuclear Energy, Introduction -- Nuclear Facilities, Decommissioning of -- Nuclear Fission Power Plants -- Nuclear Fuel, Reprocessing of -- Nuclear Fusion -- Nuclear Power, Economics of -- Nuclear Reactor Materials and Fuels -- Nuclear Safeguards and Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Materials -- Radiation Shielding -- Radiation Sources -- Radioactive Waste Management: Storage, Transport, Disposal -- Uranium and Thorium Resources
Ocean Energy, Section Editor: Luis A. Vega -- Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Environmental Challenges -- Ocean Energy, Introduction -- Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion -- Offshore Wind Energy Technology Trends, Challenges, and Risks -- Tidal Energy
Ocean Farming and Sustainable Aquaculture Science and Technology, Section Editor: Barry A. -- Costa-Pierce -- Aquaculture and Renewable Energy Systems, Integration of -- Aquaculture, Ecological -- Aquaculture, Integrated Multi-trophic (IMTA) -- Aquaculture, Sustainability Science in -- Aquapod Systems for Sustainable Ocean Aquaculture -- Carrying Capacity for Aquaculture, Modeling Frameworks for Determination of -- Carrying Capacity for Sustainable Bivalve Aquaculture -- Environmental Impacts of an Open Ocean Mariculture Operation in Kona, Hawaii -- Life Cycle Assessments and Their Applications to Aquaculture Production Systems -- Mariculture Systems, Integrated Land-Based -- Marine Aquaculture in the Mediterranean -- Marine Fisheries Enhancement, Coming of Age in the New Millennium -- Mussel Culture, Open Ocean Innovations -- Ocean Farming and Sustainable Aquaculture Science and Technology, An Introduction to -- Polyculture in Aquaculture -- Seaweed Aquaculture for Human Foods in Land-Based and IMTA Systems -- Shellfish Aquaculture, Methods of Sustainable -- Sustainable Ecological Aquaculture
Oceans and Human Health, Section Editor: Darrell Jay Grimes -- Coastal Ecosystems, Sustainable Management -- Drug Discovery in Ocean -- Harmful Algal Blooms -- Human Bacterial Diseases from Ocean -- Living Ocean, An Evolving Oxymoron -- Marine and Freshwater Fecal Indicators and Source Identification -- Oceans and Human Health, Introduction -- Oceans and Human Health, Social and Economic Impacts -- Remote Sensing Applications to Ocean and Human Health -- Sentinel Species in Oceans and Human Health -- Waterborne Diseases of the Ocean, Enteric Viruses -- Waterborne Parasitic Diseases in Ocean
Photovoltaics, Section Editor: Daniel Lincot -- CdTe Solar Cells -- Mesoscopic Solar Cells -- Organic Solar Cells -- Photovoltaic Energy, Introduction -- Photovoltaics, Status of -- PV Policies and Markets -- Silicon Solar Cells, Crystalline -- Silicon Solar Cells, Thin-film -- Solar Cells, Chalcopyrite-Based Thin Film -- Solar Cells: Very High Efficiencies Approaches -- Solar Cells: Energy Payback Times and Environmental Issues
Renewable Energy from Biomass, Section Editor: Martin Kaltschmitt -- Algae, a New Biomass Resource -- Biodiesel -- Bioethanol from Celluloses -- Bioethanol from Starch -- Bioethanol from Sugar: the Brazilian Experience -- Biofuels: A Technical, Economic and Environmental Comparison -- Biofuels: Upgraded New Solids -- Biogas for Electricity Generation, Hi-tech Applications -- Biogas Production and Energy crops -- Biogas Production Developing Countries -- Biogas Substrates from Municipalities and Industries -- Biomass as Renewable Source of Energy, Possible Conversion Routes -- Biomass Combustion for Electricity Generation -- Biomass Energy Heat Provision for Cooking and Heating in Developing Countries -- Biomass Energy Heat Provision in Modern Large-Scale Systems -- Biomass Energy Heat Provision in Modern Small-Scale Systems -- Biomass Energy Small-Scale Combined Heat and Power Systems -- Biomass Gasification for Electricity and Fuels, Large Scale -- Biomass Gasification for Rural Electrification, Small Scale -- Biomass Production -- Biomass Provision and Use, Sustainability Aspects -- Biomass Pyrolysis -- Biomass Resources, Worldwide -- Biomass to Liquid (BtL), Concepts and Their Assessment -- Biomass Use on a Global Scale -- Biomethane from Anaerobic Processes -- Biosynthetic Natural Gas -- Co-combustion of wood in Coal-Fired Large-Scale Power Plants -- Hydrogen from Biomass -- Lignocellulosic Energy Crops, Production and Provision -- Plant Oil Fuels Combined Heat and Power (CHP) -- Renewable Energy from Biomass, Introduction -- Solid Biofuels, Fuels and Their Characteristics
Solar Radiation, Section Editor: Christian A. Gueymard -- Daylight, Indoor Illumination, and Human Behavior -- Photosynthetically Active Radiation: Measurement and Modeling -- Solar Constant and Total Solar Irradiance Variations -- Solar Irradiance, Global Distribution -- Solar Radiation and Human Health -- Solar Radiation for Solar Energy Utilization -- Solar Radiation Spectrum -- Solar Radiation versus Climate Change -- Solar Radiation, Introduction -- Solar Radiation, Spatial and Temporal Variability -- Solar-Induced Climate Effects -- Topographic Solar Radiation Modeling for Environmental Applications -- Ultraviolet Radiation: Distribution and Variability -- UV Effects on Living Organisms
Solar Thermal Energy, Section Editor: Christoph Richter -- Concentrating Receiver Systems (Solar Power Tower) -- Linear Fresnel Collectors -- Parabolic Trough Solar Technology -- Solar Collectors, Non-concentrating -- Solar Cookers and Dryers to Conserve Human and Planet Health -- Solar Cooling Systems -- Solar Detoxification and Disinfection of Water -- Solar Energy in Thermochemical Processing -- Solar Thermal Desalination -- Solar Thermal Energy, Introduction -- Solar Updraft Towers -- Thermal Energy Storage
Solid Waste Disposal and Recycling, Section Editor: Ronald L. Mersky -- Construction and Demolition Wastes -- Electronic Waste and Its Regulation -- Fly Ash -- Land Disposal -- Landfill Bioreactors -- Landfill Closure and Reuse of Land -- Landfill Leachate Control -- Mining Solid Wastes -- Recycling Collection and Materials Separation -- Recycling Technologies -- Solid Waste Disposal and Recycling, Environmental Impacts -- Solid Waste Disposal and Recycling, Introduction -- Solid Waste Generation and Characterization -- Solid Waste Public Involvement and Education -- Waste Collection and Transport -- Waste Diversion -- Waste Materials in Construction, Utilization of
Sustainability in Water, Section Editor: Jeaweon Cho -- Climate Change and Global Water Sustainability -- Climate Change Impacts on Emerging Contaminants -- Community-Owned Water Resource and Climate Change, Quality Management -- Desalination Technology for Sustainable Water Resource -- Groundwater Remediation, Environmental and Economic Assessment -- Rainwater Harvesting -- Stormwater Harvesting and Reuse -- Sustainability in Water, Introduction -- Sustainable Remediation Methods for Metals and Radionuclides -- Sustainable Remediation: Integrating Risk, Science, and Sustainability Principles -- Sustainable Water Treatment Using Nanofiltration and Tight Ultrafiltration Membranes -- Wastewater Reclamation -- Wastewater Treatment and Control through Wetlands -- Wastewater Treatment Plant: Anthropogenic Micropollutant Indicators for -- Sustainable River Management -- Water and Energy Nexus -- Water and Wastewater Operation: Instrumentation, Monitoring, -- Control and Automation -- Water Reclamation System and Micropollutants
Sustainable Built Environment, Section Editor: Vivian Loftness -- Bioclimatic Design -- Biofuels and Sustainable Buildings -- Daylighting Controls, Performance and Global Impacts -- Facades and Enclosures, Building for Sustainability -- Geothermal Conditioning: Critical Sources for Sustainability -- Indoor Environmental Quality and Health Improvement, Evidence-Based Design for -- Natural Ventilation in Built Environment -- Passive House (Passivhaus) -- Passive Solar Heating in Built Environment -- Rating Systems for Sustainability -- Regenerative Development and Design -- Resource Repletion, Role of Buildings -- Sustainability Performance Simulation Tools for Building Design -- Sustainable and Healthy Built Environment -- Sustainable Built Environment, Introduction -- Sustainable Design and Construction, Integrated Delivery Processes and Building -- Information Modeling -- Sustainable Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning
Sustainable Landscape Design, Urban Forestry and Green Roof Science and Technology, -- Section Editor: Dagmar Haase -- Biodiversity in Cities, Reconnecting Humans with Nature -- Green Infrastructure and Climate Change -- Green Roof Infrastructures in Urban Areas -- Green Roof Planning in Urban Areas -- Green Roofs, Ecological Functions -- Landscape Planning for Minimizing Land Consumption -- Landscape Planning for Sustainable Water Usage -- Landscape Planning/Design of Shrinking Landscapes -- Sustainable Landscape Design, Urban Forestry, and Green Roof Science and Technology, Introduction -- Sustainable Landscapes -- Urban Forest Function, Design and Management -- Urban Redevelopment and Quality of Open Spaces
Transgenic Livestock for Food Production, Section Editor: C. Bruce A. Whitelaw -- Avian Specific Transgenesis -- Disease-Resistant Transgenic Animals -- Livestock Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer -- Nuclear Transfer to Produce Transgenic Mammals -- Transgenic Fishes: Applications, State of the Art, and Risk Concerns -- Transgenic Livestock for Food Production, Introduction -- Transgenic Livestock Technologies -- Transgenic Livestock, Decreasing Environmental Impact of -- Transgenic Livestock, Enhanced Nutritional Quality in -- Transgenic Livestock, Ethical Concerns and Debate -- Transgenic Technologies and Increased Livestock Fertility -- Transgenics: Alternative Gene Transfer Methods
Transport and Fate of Chemicals in the Environment, Section Editor: John S. Gulliver -- Atmosphere-Water Exchange -- Chemicals in the Environment, Diffusive Transport -- Chemicals in the Environment, Dispersive Transport -- Chemicals in the Environment, Turbulent Transport -- Lake and Reservoir Fate and Transport of Chemicals -- Oceanic Fate and Transport of Chemicals -- River Fate and Transport -- Sediment-Water Interfaces, Chemical Flux at -- Subsurface Fate and Transport of Chemicals -- Toxic Organic Chemicals -- Transport and Fate of Chemicals in the Environment, Introduction -- Transport in the Environment -- Transport with Jets and Plumes of Chemicals in the Environment
Waste to Energy, Section Editor: Nickolas J. Themelis -- Gasification and Liquefaction Alternatives to Incineration in Japan -- Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction by Waste-to-Energy -- Hitachi Zosen Inova Technology -- Incinerator Grate Combustion Phenomena -- Life Cycle Comparison of Waste-to-Energy to Sanitary Landfill -- Martin Waste-to-Energy Technology -- Plasma-Assisted Waste-to-Energy Processes -- Thermal Treatment of Waste: Key Element for Sustainable Waste Management -- Waste Management for Sustainable Society -- Waste-to Energy: Decreasing the Entropy of Solid Wastes and Increasing Metal Recovery -- Waste-to-Energy Ash Management in Europe -- Waste-to-Energy Ash Management in the United States -- Waste-to-Energy Facilities as Power Plants -- Waste-to-Energy for District Heating -- Waste-to-Energy Using Refuse-Derived Fuel -- Waste-to-Energy, Introduction -- Waste-to-Energy: Energy Resource in Solid Wastes -- Waste-to-Energy: Fluidized Bed Technology
Wind Power, Section Editor: Lennart Soder -- Electricity Generation with Small Wind Turbines -- Global Wind Power Installations -- Meterology and Wind Power -- Offshore Wind Power -- Wind Power Balancing -- Wind Power Generator Systems and Local Power System Interconnection -- Wind Power Grid Integration: Transmission Planning -- Wind Power, Aerodynamics and Blade Technology -- Wind Power, Introduction -- Wind Power: Basic Challenge Concerning Social Acceptance -- Wind Power: Economy, Market, Subsidies, Payment Mechanisms, and Capacity Credit -- Wind Turbine Noise Emissions
V. 1. A -- v. 2. B-Bio -- v. 3. Bio-Cn -- v. 4. Co-Dd -- v. 5. De-E -- v. 6. F-Gk -- v. 7. Gl-H -- v. 8. I-Lim -- v. 9 Lin-M -- v. 10. N-Ow -- v. 11. Ox-P -- v. 12. R -- v. 13. S-Sol -- v. 14. Sol.-Sz. -- v. 15. T -- v. 16. U-V -- v. 17. W-Z -- v. 18. Glossary-Index
Summary Sustainability in environmental usage refers to the potential longevity of vital human ecological support systems, such as the planet's climate system, systems of agriculture, industry, forestry, fisheries and the ocean, and fresh water, together with the impact of human communities, transportation systems, and the built environment in general on these natural services. Although definitions of "sustainable development" are often stated without reference to the number of people to be supported and at what standard of living, it is clear that we face something like a 50% increase in food demand as early as 2030, while global energy and materials use is expected to grow by 300% over this period. At the same time, the proportion of the population that lives in an urban environment will rise from about 47% to 60%. Up until now, economic development, growth, and sustainability strategies such as the "green revolution" were heavily dependent on large inputs of fossil fuels. In addition, about 70% of available freshwater is used by agriculture. Many of these approaches no longer appear sustainable as many natural resources, including petroleum, are poised to become scarce relative to population. Sustainability science and technology is not a discipline, but is the grand challenge of our time. Top-down approaches to controlling population growth, maintaining biodiversity, modeling large-scale systems, etc. certainly do exist, and perspectives on a number of these issues can be found in a complementary work, Springer's "Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science." However, science and technology and the resulting innovation economy is also a bottom-up affair involving myriad individuals and research teams in publicly funded scientific laboratories and private corporations. This process of innovation is essentially unpredictable resulting in a great range of promising technologies that are individually dwarfed by the scope of the sustainability challenge but represent essential contributions to this goal. The Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology (ESST) is founded on this assumption. An indispensable resource for scientists and engineers in developing new technologies and for applying existing technologies to sustainability, ESST is presented at the university and professional level needed for scientists, engineers, and their students to support real progress in sustainability science and technology. Although the emphasis is on science and technology rather than policy, the Encyclopedia is also a comprehensive and authoritative resource for policy makers who want to understand the scope of research and development and how these bottom-up innovations map on to the sustainability challenge. ESST is also unique in gathering many of the world's most respected scientists, including several Nobel Laureates and a Crafoord Prize winner to advise, edit, and write on more than 600 separate topics in 42 sections. Among the topics are green chemistry for industry, water use and recovery, crop production including precision farming, genetic modification of crops, forestry and fisheries. all types of energy production, electric utility as well as small scale electricity generation, mass and personal transportation with fuel modification, power source variation, pollution control and waste disposition, solid waste utilization, recycle and disposition, urban planning and the built environment, environmental quality, engineering mitigation, adaptation and forecasting of global warming and any possible cooling due to solar-earth insolation and dimming, geoengineering of global warming mitigation measures, measurement and observation systems (terrestrial and from space), indoor pollution and industrial hygiene, epidemiology and disease prevention, as well as modeling methodologies for all of the above individually and in aggregate earth model formats. ESST is prepared by scientists and engineers for other scientists and engineers in a succinct yet authoritative format that provides students and non-specialists with a detailed understanding of the multidisciplinary landscape of sustainability science and technology
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Sustainable engineering -- Encyclopedias.
Sustainable development -- Technological innovations -- Encyclopedias.
Science and industry -- Encyclopedias.
Genre/Form Encyclopedias.
Form Electronic book
Author Meyers, Robert A. (Robert Allen), 1936-
ISBN 144190851X (electronic bk.)
9781441908513 (electronic bk.)