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Book Cover
E-book
Author Bortone, Stephen A.

Title Estuarine Indicators
Published Hoboken : CRC Press, 2004
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Description 1 online resource (559 pages)
Contents Front cover -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- The Editor -- Contributors -- Contents -- 1 -- The Quest for the "Perfect" Estuarine Indicator: An Introduction -- Environmental Indicators -- Estuarine Indicators -- Goal of an Effective Estuarine Indicator -- 2 -- Using Multiple Response Bioindicators to Assess the Health of Estuarine Ecosystems: An Operational Framework -- Introduction -- Characteristics of Bioindicators -- Application of Bioindicators in Estuarine Ecosystems -- Direct vs. Indirect Effects -- Temporal Response Scaling -- Establishment of Causality -- Environmental Profiling and Diagnosis -- Integrated Effects Assessment -- Conclusions and Synthesis -- References -- 3 -- Physical Processes Affecting Estuarine Health -- Introduction -- Background -- Physical Processes -- Types of Currents -- Tidal -- River Inflows -- Wind-Induced Currents -- Other Physical Processes -- Approach -- Numerical Modeling System -- GEMSS -- Applications -- Results -- The Salinity Mixing Problem -- Residence/Flushing Time Analysis in Indian River/Rehoboth Bay, Delaware -- Beyond Physical Processes -- Water Quality Modeling -- Conclusions -- References -- 4 -- Using Statistical Models to Simulate Salinity Variability in Estuaries -- Introduction -- Methods and Materials -- Study Area and Data -- Model Development -- Model Runs for Operational Evaluations -- Results -- Discussion -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 5 -- Using Satellite Imagery and Environmental Monitoring to Interpret Oceanographic Influences on Estuarine and Coastal Waters -- Introduction -- The Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary -- Sanctuary Monitoring Programs -- The 2002 Blackwater Event -- The 2003 Blackwater Event -- Summary and Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 6 -- Development and Use of Assessment Techniques for Coastal Sediments -- Introduction
14 -- Significance of Considering Multiple Environmental Variables When Using Habitat as an Indicator of Estuarine Condition -- Introduction -- Methods -- Study Site -- Field Monitoring -- Model Description -- Model Formulation -- Loss -- Productivity -- Salinity Effect -- Light Effect -- Temperature Effect -- Results -- Model Calibration -- Validation Period: Modeling Recovery -- Representation of Environmental Variables -- Effects of Acute Stress -- Discussion -- Salinity -- Light -- Temperature -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 15 -- Using Seagrass Coverage as an Indicator of Ecosystem Condition -- Introduction -- Charlotte Harbor, Florida -- Methods -- Historical Seagrass Coverage Estimates -- Current Seagrass Mapping Efforts -- Transects -- Results -- Seagrass Coverage -- Deep Edge of Seagrass Beds -- Discussion -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 16 -- Mangroves as an Indicator of Estuarine Conditions in Restoration Areas -- Introduction -- What Is a Mangrove? -- Why Are Mangroves Important Indicators? -- Die-Offs and Restoration -- Hypothetical Chronology of a Die-Off -- Site Description -- Methods -- Results -- Die-Off Areas -- Stressed Areas -- Alive "Healthy" Areas -- Discussion -- Is the Clam Bay Restoration a Success? -- Using Mangroves as an Indicator of Successful Estuarine Restoration: Pros and Cons -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 17 -- Molecular and Organismal Indicators of Chronic and Intermittent Hypoxia in Marine Crustacea -- Introduction and Background -- Brief Review of Molecular Biomarkers -- Indicators of Hypoxia in Crustacea -- Materials and Methods -- Exposure Methods -- Cloning and Macroarrays of Blue Crab Genes -- Subtractive Hybridization for Identification of Hypoxia-Responsive Genes in Blue Crabs and Grass Shrimp -- Western Blots -- Statistical Analyses -- Results
Acknowledgments -- References -- 10 -- Diatom Indicators of Ecosystem Change in Subtropical Coastal Wetlands -- Introduction -- Methods -- Study Site -- Data Collection and Processing -- Data Analysis -- Results -- Vegetation -- Environmental Variation -- Periphyton Biomass and TP Content -- Algal Community Composition -- Discussion -- Applications -- Appendix -- References -- 11 -- Using Microalgal Indicators to Assess Human- and Climate-Induced Ecological Change in Estuaries -- Introduction -- Methods -- Looking into the "Green Box": Diagnostic Pigment Indicators of Phytoplankton Community Composition and Activity -- Use of Neural Networks -- Molecular Approaches for Taxa-Specific Identification and Characterization -- Results and Discussion -- Case Studies -- Impacts of Human and Climatic Perturbations in the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina -- Galveston Bay, Texas: The Case of the "Pink Oysters" -- Cyanobacterial Bloom Dynamics in the St. Johns River System, Florida -- Indicator Deployment and Data Acquisition -- Concluding Remarks -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Further Reading -- 12 -- A Hierarchical Approach to the Evaluation of Variability in Ecoindicators of the Seagrass Thalassia testudinum -- Introduction -- Materials and Methods -- Study Area -- Sampling Methodology -- Statistical Analyses -- Results -- Biological Parameters -- Principal Components Analysis -- Discussion -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 13 -- Evaluating Indicators of Seagrass Stress to Light -- Introduction -- Bio-Optical Modeling -- Plant Physiology -- Methods -- Calibrating a Bio-Optical Model -- Light-Stress Experiments -- Results -- Water Quality Monitoring -- North River, North Carolina -- Light Stress Experiment -- Discussion -- Water Quality Stress Indicators -- Plant Physiology Indicators -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References
Classification of Sediment Contamination and Interpretive Tools and Guidelines -- Florida Sediment Quality Guidelines and Interpretive Tools -- U.S. and International Sediment Quality Guidelines -- Incidence of Chemical Contamination of Sediments -- Classification of Toxicity of Sediments -- Spatial Extent of Sediment Toxicity -- Classification of Sediment Quality with Benthic Indices -- Spatial Extent of Degraded Benthic Communities -- Discussion and Conclusions -- References -- 7 -- Sediment Habitat Assessment for Targeted Near-Coastal Areas -- Introduction -- Methods -- Study Areas -- Sediment Collection and Preparation -- Particle Size Distribution and Total Organic Carbon -- Sediment Chemical Quality -- Sediment Biological Quality -- Whole Sediment and Pore Water Toxicity: Animal Species -- Whole Sediment Phytotoxicity: Early Seedling Growth -- Microbial Genotoxicity -- Benthic Community Composition -- Results -- Particle Size Distribution and Total Organic Carbon (TOC) -- Chemical Quality -- Effects-Based Exceedances -- Geochemically Based Enrichment -- Acute and Chronic Toxicities -- Microbial Genotoxicity -- Phytotoxicity: Early Seedling Growth -- Benthic Macroinvertebrate Community -- Temporal Variability -- Discussion -- Stressor Ranking -- Metric Concordance -- Data Comparisons -- Recommendations -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 8 -- Bacterial Communities as Indicators of Estuarine and Sediment Conditions -- Introduction -- Case Study -- Materials and Methods -- Results -- Discussion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 9 -- Microbial Biofilms as Integrative Sensors of Environmental Quality -- Introduction -- Biofilm Ecology -- Biofilms as Estuarine Indicators -- Sampler Design -- Estuarine Periphyton as an Environmental Diagnostic Indicator -- Analysis of Spatial Patterns of Biofilm Growth -- Molecular Approaches -- Summary
Laboratory Survival under Hypoxic Conditions -- Changes in Gene and Protein Expression in Blue Crabs in Response to Hypoxia -- Effects of Hypoxia on Grass Shrimp -- Discussion -- Scaling Molecular Biomarker Responses to Population Responses -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 18 -- Spionid Polychaetes as Environmental Indicators: An Example from Tampa Bay, Florida -- Introduction -- Materials and Methods -- Results -- Discussion -- Carazziella hobsonae Blake, 1979 -- Prionospio perkinsi Maciolek, 1985 -- Paraprionospio pinnata (Ehlers, 1901) -- Streblospio gynobranchiata Rice and Levin, 1998 -- Prionospio heterobranchia Moore, 1907 -- Apoprionospio pygmaea (Hartman, 1961) -- Spio pettiboneae Foster, 1971 -- Prionospio steenstrupi Malmgren, 1867 -- Scolelepis texana Foster, 1971 and Scolelepis squamata (O.F. Müller, 1806) -- Dipolydora socialis (Schmarda, 1861) -- Polydora cornuta Bosc, 1802 and Polydora websteri Hartman, 1943 -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 19 -- Trematode Parasites as Estuarine Indicators: Opportunities, Applications, and Comparisons with Conventional Community Approaches -- Introduction -- Biomarkers, Bioindicators, and Management -- Larval Trematodes as Bioindicators -- Hypotheses, Predictions, and Supporting Evidence -- Methods: Employing Trematodes in Assessments: Worldwide Opportunities, Application Methodology, and Comparisons with Other Techniques -- Results -- Larval Trematodes: Worldwide Opportunities for Application -- References for Table 19.1 -- Steps Required for Conducting a Larval Trematode Assessment -- 1. Choose the Snail First Intermediate Host -- 2. Control for Habitat -- 3. Control for Snail Age -- 4. Choose the Sampling Effort and Scales -- 5. Assess Snails for Larval Trematode Infections -- 6. Identification of Trematode Species -- 7. Data Analysis
Summary Based on a 2003 conference of leading estuarine scientists, this volume presents the principles, concepts, and practical use and application of indicators in estuarine research and management practices
Notes Print version record
Subject Estuarine ecology
Indicators (Biology)
Estuarine ecology.
Indicators (Biology)
Form Electronic book
ISBN 1420038184
9781420038187