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Book Cover
E-book
Author Cappers, René T. J.

Title Handbook of plant palaeoecology / R.T.J. Cappers, R. Neef
Published Eelde, Netherlands : Barkuis Publishing, 2012
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Description 1 online resource (475 pages): illustrations, charts, plans
Series Groningen archaeological studies, 1572-1760 ; v. 19
Groningen archaeological studies ; v. 19
Contents 1 General Introduction 13 -- 1.1 Plant taxonomy 13 -- 1.1.1 Taxonomic ranks 13 -- 1.1.2 Abbreviations 14 -- 1.1.3 Synonyms and type identifications 15 -- 1.1.4 Naming of cultivated plants 15 -- 1.1.5 Plant names in written sources 16 -- 1.1.6 Vernacular names of common crops 20 -- 1.1.7 Genetic research 22 -- 1.2 Plant ecology 26 -- 1.2.1 Seed production and seed predation 26 -- 1.2.2 Seed dispersal 28 -- 1.2.3 Environmental conditions 34 -- 1.2.4 Water stress 37 -- 1.2.5 Agricultural practices 47 -- 1.3 Flora and vegetation 93 -- 1.3.1 Landscape, flora, and vegetation 93 -- 1.3.2 Flora 94 -- 1.3.3 Vegetation 97 -- 1.4 Subfossil plant remains 128 -- 1.4.1 Biomolecules 128 -- 1.4.2 Phytoliths 130 -- 1.4.3 Spores and pollen 131 -- 1.4.4 Seeds and fruits 135 -- 2 Palynology 143 -- 2.1 The archaeobotanical archive 143 -- 2.1.1 Dispersal of spores and pollen 143 -- 2.1.2 Pollen precipitation 144 -- 2.1.3 Peat Formation 146 -- 2.1.4 Sampling and microscopic analysis 151 -- 2.2 Vegetation reconstruction 153 -- 2.2.1 Pollen diagram 153 -- 2.2.2 Anthropogenic pollen indicators 157 -- 2.2.3 Pollen precipitation and vegetation 159 -- 2.3 Pollen morphology 159 -- 2.3.1 Anatomy and morphology of pollen and spores 159 -- 2.3.2 Glossary of terms 163 -- 2.3.3 Atlas of spores, pollen, and algae 165 -- 3 Non-woody macro-remains 173 -- 3.1 The archaeobotanical archive 173 -- 3.1.1 Origin and taphonomy 173 -- 3.1.2 Sampling 199 -- 3.2 Morphology of fruits and seeds 239 -- 3.2.1 Morphology of fruits 239 -- 3.2.2 Fruit types 244 -- 3.2.3 Morphology of Seeds 246 -- 3.2.4 Subfossil seeds, fruits, and threshing remains 247 -- 3.2.5 Cereals 248 -- 3.2.6 Pulses 322 -- 3.2.7 Oil and fibre crops 333 -- 3.2.8 Seed atlas 339 -- 4 Vegetation history of the Netherlands 351 -- 4.1 The Late Glacial 351 -- 4.1.1 General overview 351 -- 4.1.2 The Older Dryas 353 -- 4.1.3 The Allerød 356 -- 4.1.4 The Younger Dryas 356 -- 4.2 The Holocene 357 -- 4.2.1 General overview 357 -- 4.2.2 The Preboreal (10 300-8800 BP) 358 -- 4.2.3 The Boreal (8800-7500 BP) 359 -- 4.2.4 The Atlanticum (7500-5000 BP) 361 -- 4.2.5 The Subboreal (5000-2800 BP) 364 -- 4.2.6 The Subatlanticum (2800 BP to present) 366 -- 4.2.7 Case study 370 -- 5 Food economy 375 -- 5.1 Transition to farming 375 -- 5.1.1 Modelling the dawn of farming 375 -- 5.1.2 Domestication 380 -- 5.2 Reconstruction of the diet 387 -- 5.2.1 The food spectrum 387 -- 5.2.2 Cereals 388 -- 5.2.3 Pulses 397 -- 5.2.4 Oil crops 402 -- 5.2.5 Vegetables and fruits 403 -- 5.2.6 Case studies 405 -- 6 Fuel 423 -- 6.1 Woody plants 423 -- 6.2 Non-woody plants 425 -- 7 Appendixes 435 -- 7.1 Chronology of the Near East 435 -- 7.2 Chronology of ancient Egypt 436 -- 8 Literature 439 -- 8.1 Taxonomy 439 -- 8.2 Ecology 439 -- 8.3 Flora and vegetation 440 -- 8.4 Identification 443 -- 8.5 Spores and pollen 445 -- 8.6 Fruits, seeds, and mosses 446 -- 8.7 Vegetation history 447 -- 8.8 Food economy 449 -- 8.9 Fuel 451 -- 8.10 Additional references cited 451
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 439-454) and indexes
Notes Description based on print version record
Subject Paleoecology.
Plants, Fossil.
Trace fossils.
Form Electronic book
Author Neef, Reinder.
ISBN 9492444267 (electronic bk.)
9789492444264 (electronic bk.)
Other Titles Handbook of plant paleoecology