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Book Cover
E-book
Author Piperno, Dolores R.

Title Phytolyth Analysis : an Archaeological and Geological Perspective
Published Saint Louis : Elsevier Science, 2014
Online access available from:
ProQuest Ebook Central    View Resource Record  

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Description 1 online resource (295 pages)
Contents Front Cover -- Phytolith Analysis: An Archaeological and Geological Perspective -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Chapter 1. History of Phytolith Research -- Introduction -- The Discovery and Exploratory Period -- The Botanical Period of Research -- The Period of Ecological Phytolith Research -- The Modern Period of Archaeological Phytolith Research -- Chapter 2. The Production, Deposition, and Dissolution of Phytoliths -- Introduction -- The Development of Phytoliths in Higher Plants -- The Occurrence of Phytoliths in the Plant Kingdom
Geological Coring -- Modern Controls on Sampling -- Modern Vegetation and Soil Studies -- Chapter 5. Laboratory Techniques -- Introduction -- The Phytolith Laboratory -- The Preparation of Soils for Analysis -- Possible Permutations of the Soil Extraction Technique and Some Special Problems Encountered with Different Soil Types -- Extraction of Phytoliths from Modern Plants -- Preparation of Archaeological Ash Samples (Spodograms) -- Quantitative Analysis of Silica in Modern Plants -- Quantitative Analysis of Silica in Soils -- Preparation of Modern Samples for Scanning Electron Microscopy
Patterns of Silica Deposition and Distribution in Different Plant Structures -- Localization of Silicon Deposition in Plant Structures -- Mechanisms of Phytolith Deposition in Soils -- Chemical and Physical Characteristics of Phytoliths -- The Functional Significance of Phytoliths -- Chapter 3. Phytolith Morphology -- Introduction -- How Phytolith Shapes Are Formed -- Phytolith Description and Classification -- The Major Classes of Phytoliths -- Phytolith Surface Ornamentation -- Phytolith Variation in a Single Species -- Phytoliths in Old and New World Domesticates
Phytolith Staining -- Other Procedures of Phytolith Analysis -- Chapter 6. The Interpretation of Phytolith Assemblages: Method and Theory -- Introduction -- The Phytolith Assemblage -- Problems in the Interpretation of Phytolith Assemblages: Some Considerations of the Factors Affecting Phytolith Representation in Soils -- Other Factors Affecting Phytolith Representation in Depositional Environments -- Modern Phytolith Assemblages -- Special Topic 2: Phytolith Representation in Tropical Forests: Comparison of Modern Phytolith Spectra with Mapped Vegetation
Special Topic 1: Some Special Attributes of Maize Phytoliths: A Basis for Their Identification in Archaeological Soils -- Some Factors Governing Size and Morphological Variation in Grass Silica Bodies -- Phytoliths in Wild Monocotyledons -- Nongrass Monocotyledon Morphology -- Phytoliths in Wild Dicotyledons -- Phytoliths in Gymnosperms -- Phytoliths in Lower Vascular Plants -- Summary: Dicotyledon, Gymnosperm, and Pteridophyte Phytolith Morphology -- Chapter 4. Field Techniques and Research Design -- Introduction -- The Basic Phytolith Sampling Procedures -- Other Considerations of Soil Sampling
Summary This is a methodological guide to the use of plant opal phytolith analysis in paleoenvironmental and paleoecological reconstruction. It is the first book-length treatment of this promising technique, which has undergone rapid development within the past few years and is now beginning to be used with considerable success by paleobotanists who serve the archaeological and paleontological research communities. It will be mandatory reading for all paleobotanists, paleoecologists, and archaeological scientists
Notes Chapter 7. The Role of Phytoliths in Archaeological Reconstruction
Print version record
Form Electronic book
ISBN 148329711X
9781483297118