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Book Cover
E-book
Author Fröding, Barbro, author

Title Neuroenhancement : how mental training and meditation can promote epistemic virtue / Barbro Fröding, Walter Osika
Published Cham : Springer, 2015
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Description 1 online resource (xi, 110 pages)
Series SpringerBriefs in ethics, 2211-8101
SpringerBriefs in ethics.
Contents CHAPTER 1? Introduction -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 A new situation -- 1.3 From bad to worse -- 1.4 How to handle matters better: skills required to manage risks -- 1.5 Can we acquire the skills? -- 1.6 Enhancement methods -- 1.7 Which cognitive capacities? -- References -- CHAPTER 2? The neurophysiological background -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Neuroplasticity -- 2.3 Attention -- 2.4 Mind-wandering -- 2.5 Emotional regulation -- 2.6 Mental training?meditation -- 2.7 Some challenges with meditation practice and research -- References -- CHAPTER 3? The Methods -- 3.1 How to improve -- 3.2 Defining cognitive enhancement -- 3.3 Three methods -- 3.4 Pharmaceuticals, hormones and neurotransmitters -- 3.5 Technology -- 3.6 Possible effects of meditation techniques and mental training -- 3.7 Computer games -- Combining methods -- References -- CHAPTER 4? Cognitive flexibility -- 4.1 How does cognitive flexibility relate to meditation? -- 4.2 Cognitive flexibility 4.3 Why is it good to be more cognitively flexible? -- 4.4 Improved cognitive flexibility can translate to better decision-making -- 4.5 Smarter but not nicer -- 4.6. Summary -- References -- CHAPTER 5?Some key elements of virtue ethics -- Part A: A brief introduction to virtue ethics -- 5.1. Introduction -- 5.2 A suitable moral framework -- 5.3 The beginnings of virtue ethics -- 5.4 What is the virtuous life and what is so good about it? -- 5.5 In summary -- Part B: From meditation to the good life -- 5.6 Training for virtue -- 5.7 Creating moral experts -- 5.8 Enhancement as an enabler -- 5.9 Enhancement as a way to increase commitment -- 5.10 Helpful but not enough -- 5.11 The role of epistemic virtues -- 5.12 Some modern or new epistemic virtues that might be useful -- 5.12 From core capacities to functional change and decision-making -- 5.13 Commonalities and compatibility -- 5.14 Conclusion -- References -- CHAPTER 6? Conclusions -- 6.1 Summary -- 6.2 Combinations -- 6.3 Moral enhancement? different takes -- 6.4 The role of embedding structures -- 6.5 Concluding remarks -- References
Summary This book explores how one can bring about changes℗ℓin the brain through meditation, both through attention-focus training and through compassion training. Recent findings in the natural sciences have confirmed that it is possible for humans to achieve these structural and functional changes through various life-style practices. It is argued that meditation enables us to influence some aspects of our biological make-up and, for example, could boost our cognitive flexibility as well as our ability to act compassionate. Such changes are likely to facilitate the instilling of a number of epistemic virtues which have great bearing on our quality of life. This book offers the reader an accessible introduction to a set of neuro-enhancement methods, with a special focus on meditation techniques, and explores how such practices could contribute to make us better decision-makers and improve our moral virtues. The book is suitable for anyone looking for a text discussing the effects of neuro-enhancement from a secular ethics perspective
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Notes Online resource; title from PDF title page (SpringerLink, viewed September 11, 2015)
Subject Cognitive neuroscience.
Medical ethics.
Form Electronic book
Author Osika, Walter, author
ISBN 3319235168 (print)
3319235176 (electronic bk.)
9783319235165 (print)
9783319235172 (electronic bk.)