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Book Cover
Author Kirch, Patrick Vinton.

Title Hawaiki, Ancestral Polynesia : An Essay in Historical Anthropology
Published West Nyack Cambridge University Press, 2001
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (395 pages)
Contents Cover -- Half-title -- Title -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- Figures -- Tables -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Abbreviations -- Language abbreviations -- Proto-language abbreviations -- Modern language abbreviations, and geographic affinity -- Prologue: on historical anthropology -- PART I The phylogenetic model: theory and method -- Chapter 1 The phylogenetic model in historical anthropology -- A brief history of the phylogenetic model -- Controlled comparison in Polynesia -- The phylogenetic model applied to Polynesia -- Necessary modifications to Vogt's methodology -- Dendritic versus reticulate models in historical anthropology -- Phylogenetic analysis in biology, linguistics, and anthropology -- The significance of phylogeny for historical anthropology -- Objectives of this book -- Chapter 2 Methodologies: implementing the phylogenetic model -- Correlating linguistic and archaeological evidence in Polynesia -- Linguistic models of divergence -- Dispersal centers and homelands -- Establishing time depth -- Terminology and units of analysis -- The triangulation method and its application to the phylogenetic model -- Lexical reconstruction and meaning -- The POLLEX project -- Ethnographic evidence -- Archaeology and the direct historical approach -- Chapter 3 Polynesia as a phylogenetic unit -- Polynesia as an emic category -- Linguistic perspectives -- The Oceanic subgroups -- Proto Central Pacific and the emergence of Proto Polynesian -- Internal classification of Polynesian -- Ethnological perspectives -- Cultural regions in Oceania -- Systemic cultural patterns that define Polynesia -- Cultural differentiation within Polynesia -- Polynesia as a biological unit -- Archaeological perspectives -- Fixing Ancestral Polynesia in time and space -- The breakup of Ancestral Polynesia and subsequent dispersals
Ancestral Polynesian sites and assemblages -- Isolation, interaction, and phylogeny -- Phylogenetic differentiation in Polynesia: a summary -- A final note on method -- Conclusion -- PART II Rediscovering Hawaiki -- Introductory remarks -- Hawaiki as the ancestral Polynesian homeland -- Plan of Part II -- A note on orthography and abbreviations -- Chapter 4 The Ancestral Polynesian world -- The Ancestral Polynesian homeland -- The physical environment -- Biogeographical considerations -- Ancestral Polynesian ethnobiological knowledge -- Life-form terms -- Generic and subgeneric taxa -- "Paradise lost'': natural and anthropogenic changes in the Polynesian homeland -- Chapter 5 Subsistence -- Subsistence in the preceding Lapita period -- Proto Polynesian crops -- Ancestral Polynesian horticulture -- The question of irrigation and intensification -- Fishing and hunting: the archaeological evidence -- Polynesian fishing and hunting: comparative ethnography and ethnoarchaeology -- Fishing strategies: the lexical evidence -- Concluding remarks -- Chapter 6 Food preparation and cuisine -- The raw and the cooked: a matter of taste -- In the oven-house: cooking facilities and equipment -- Food preparation and cooking methods -- Pounded foods and the "pudding complex'' -- Food storage and preservation -- Food in society -- Concluding remarks -- Chapter 7 Material culture -- Proto Polynesian 'things' -- Pottery and other containers -- Ceramics in Ancestral Polynesia -- Non-ceramic containers -- Industrial tools -- The Ancestral Polynesian adz kit -- Other implements and tools -- Material culture domains with limited archaeological support -- Bark cloth -- Bodily decoration and tattooing -- Weapons -- Games and sports -- Musical instruments -- Houses and community structures -- Canoes -- Cordage -- Conclusions -- Chapter 8 Social and political organization
House societies -- House societies in the Austronesian world -- Criterial features of House societies -- Situating Ancestral Polynesian societies -- Social groups in Ancestral Polynesia -- Reconstructing POC and PPN social groups -- PPN *kainanga -- PPN *kaainga -- *Kainanga, *kaainga, and House societies -- Other social groups: *mata and saqa -- Exchange in Ancestral Polynesian societies -- Kinship, status, and role in Ancestral Polynesia -- Rank and leadership -- PPN *qariki, head of the *kainanga -- PPN *fatu, leader of the *kaainga -- PPN *sau, secular ruler -- Conclusion -- Chapter 9 Gods, ancestors, seasons, and rituals -- Polynesian religions: ethnographic sources -- Mana, tapu, and noa -- Gods, spirits, and ancestors -- Ritual practitioners -- *Qariki: the Ancestral Polynesian chief-priest -- Ritual spaces -- Kava -- Rituals of life, growth, and death -- The reckoning of time and the ritual cycle -- *Mata-liki: the Pleiades cycle -- *Taqu seasons and the yam cycle -- The lunar calendar -- Summary of Ancestral Polynesian calendrics -- Early central Eastern Polynesian ritual transformations -- Epilogue: on history, phylogeny, and evolution -- Notes -- Prologue -- 1 The phylogenetic model in historical anthropology -- 2 Methodologies -- 3 Polynesia as a phylogenetic unit -- Part II Introductory remarks -- 4 The Ancestral Polynesian world -- 5 Subsistence -- 6 Food preparation and cuisine -- 7 Material culture -- 8 Social and political organization -- 9 Gods, ancestors, seasons, and rituals -- Epilogue -- Glossary of terms -- References -- Subject index -- Index of Proto Polynesian (PPN) Reconstructions
Summary The power of an anthropological approach to long-term history lies in its unique ability to combine diverse evidence, from archaeological artifacts to ethnographic texts and comparative word lists. In this innovative book, Kirch and Green explicitly develop the theoretical underpinnings, as well as the particular methods, for such a historical anthropology. Drawing upon and integrating the approaches of archaeology, comparative ethnography, and historical linguistics, they advance a phylogenetic model for cultural diversification, and apply a triangulation method for historical reconstruction. They illustrate their approach through meticulous application to the history of the Polynesian cultures, and for the first time reconstruct in extensive detail the Ancestral Polynesian culture that flourished in the Polynesian homeland - Hawaiki - some 2,500 years ago. Of great significance for Oceanic studies, Kirch and Green's book will be essential reading for any anthropologist, prehistorian, linguist, or cultural historian concerned with the theory and method of long-term history
Notes Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2016. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Subject Ethnology -- Hawaii
Ethnology -- Polynesia
Hawaii -- Antiquities
Hawaiians -- Social life and customs
Polynesia -- Antiquities
Polynesians -- Social life and customs
Form Electronic book
Author Green, Roger C
ISBN 9781139146562