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Author Anemone, Robert L.

Title Race and Human Diversity : a Biocultural Approach, CourseSmart eTextbook
Published Upper Saddle River : Taylor & Francis Group, 2010
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (212 pages)
Contents Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Dedication -- Table of Contents -- Preface -- Chapter 1 Race and Biological Diversity in Humans -- On the Nonexistence of Human Races -- Defining Race -- The Nature of Biological Variation in Homo sapiens -- The Arbitrariness of the Race Concept -- An Alternative Approach to the Study of Human Diversity -- A Note on Terminology: Using the "R" Word -- Discussion Questions -- Chapter 2 Charles Darwin and Evolutionary Theory -- Darwin and the Gal√°pagos -- Scientific Precursors to Darwin -- The Elements of the Theory of Natural Selection -- The Making of The Origin -- Discussion Questions -- Chapter 3 Genetics from Mendel to the Human Genome Project -- Gregor Mendel and the Birth of Genetics -- Genes, Chromosomes, and Cell Division -- The Watson-Crick Model of DNA -- The Modern Synthesis and the Four Forces of Evolution -- The Human Genome Project -- Discussion Questions -- Chapter 4 The History of the Race Concept -- The Concept of Race -- The Recent Origins of Race -- Race and Racial Classifications -- Race, Inequality, and Ethnocentrism -- Nineteenth-Century Views -- Twentieth-Century Anthropological Views -- The Present and Future of the Race Concept in Anthropology -- Discussion Questions -- Chapter 5 Human Adaptation: Thermoregulation and Skin Color -- Introduction to Human Adaptation -- A Classification of Adaptations -- Principles of Thermoregulation -- Adaptation to Cold Environments -- Adaptation to Hot Environments -- Thermoregulation and Body Size and Shape -- Skin Color and Solar Radiation -- The Structure of Skin -- Biological Effects of Solar Radiation -- The Evolution of Skin Color -- Discussion Questions -- Chapter 6 Human Adaptation: Life at High Altitude -- High Altitude as a Human Stressor -- Air Pressure, Oxygen Availability, and Altitude
Anatomy and Physiology of the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems -- Acclimatization and the Effects of Hypoxia -- Adaptive Responses to Hypoxia -- Adaptation to High Altitude in South America -- Diverse Adaptations to Life at High Altitude -- Discussion Questions -- Chapter 7 A Biocultural Examination of Nutrition, Health, and Growth -- Introduction -- The Human Diet Before and After the Agricultural Revolution -- Nutrition and Malnutrition among Modern Populations -- Malnutrition and Human Growth and Development -- Racial Disparities in Morbidity and Mortality -- Low Birthweight and Premature Births -- Hypertension and the "Slavery Hypothesis" -- Sickle-Cell Anemia and Malaria -- Discussion Questions -- Chapter 8 Race, Intelligence, and Genetics -- Race and Intelligence -- Linnaeus and Racial Stereotypes -- The Science of Measuring Intelligence -- Measuring the IQ of Immigrants and Soldiers -- Arthur Jensen and the Hereditarian View Restated -- Return to the Future: The Bell Curve -- An Evolutionary Theory of Race? -- Discussion Questions -- Chapter 9 Race as a Cultural Construction -- The Central Paradox of Race -- Race in American History -- The Civil Rights Era -- Race, Ethnicity, and American Citizenship -- Becoming American -- A Nation of Immigrants -- Affirmative Action and the Dream of a Color-Blind Society -- Race as a Cultural Construction -- Postscript -- Discussion Questions -- Bibliography -- Index
Summary Race and Human Diversity is an introduction to the study of Human Diversity in both its biological and cultural dimensions. This text examines the biological basis of human difference and how humans have biologically and culturally adapted to life in different environments. It critiques the notion that humans can or should be classified into a number of "biological races". Coverage includes discussion of the following topics:Biological background of human variationHistory of racial classificationA critique of the Race ConceptEthnic disease: How race affects morbidity and moralityAdapative dimensions of human variability: Life in the tropics, the arctic, and high altitudePhysiology of skin colorA critical history of attempts to link race and intelligenceRace as a cultural construct
Notes Publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Subject Race -- Social aspects
Race -- Social aspects.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 1315662981