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Author NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Prevention, Detection and Response to Nuclear and Radiological Threat (2006 : Yerevan, Armenia)

Title Prevention, detection and response to nuclear and radiological threats / edited by Samuel Apikyan, David Diamond and Ralph Way
Published Dordrecht ; London : Springer, 2008
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Description 1 online resource (x, 308 pages) : illustrations
Series NATO science for peace and security series. Series B : Physics and biophysics
NATO Science for Peace and Security series. B, Physics and biophysics.
Contents From Cold War to international terrorism / Natividad Carpintero Santamaria -- Nuclear terrorism : an overview / Guillermo Velarde -- Prospects for cooperative threat reduction beyond the FSU / Greg Kaser -- Perspectives on international radiological trafficking / Roy A. Lindley, Joseph J. Adduci, Robert L. Johnson and Dave J. Lepoire -- Proliferation resistance features in nuclear reactor designs for small-power plants / B.A. Gabaraev and Yu. S. Cherepnin -- Integrated border management : R & D Activities at JRC / Veronique Berthou, Pascal Daures, Willem Janssens, Bent Pedersen, Paolo Peerani, Omer Cromboom, Jan Loeschner and Alois Sieber -- Individual protection against inhalation of long living radioactive dust due to an uncontrolled release / T. Streil, V. Oeser, R. Rambousky and F.W. Buchholz -- Contributions of legislative, regulatory and institutional infrastructures to sustaining national nuclear security regimes / Patricia A. Comella -- Identification, assessment and prevention of different environmental risk-factors impact, including radiation, on the population health / George Ormotsadze and Kiazo Nadareishvili -- Neutrinos, dark matter and nuclear detection / William H. Goldstein, Adam Bernstein, William W. Craig and Micah Johnson -- Detection of "dirty bombs" using nanosecond neutron analysis (NNA) technique / A.V. Evsenin, I. Yu. Gorshkov, V.A. Kalinin, A.V. Kuznetsov, O.I. Osetrov, D.N. Vakhtin and P.D. Yurmanov -- Ansi and IEC standards for, and evaluation of, radiation detection instrumentation / Peter J. Chiaro -- New devices for the detection and identification of radioactive sources / Luis Santiago Quindos Poncela, Carlos Sainz Fernandez, Ismael Fuente Merino, Jose Luis Arteche Garcia and Luis Quindos Lopez -- Perspectives of high pressure xenon gamma-ray spectrometers to detect and identify radioactive and fissile materials / V.V. Dmitrenko, S.E. Ulin, V.M. Grachev, K.F. Vlasik, Z.M. Uteshev, I.V. Chernysheva, K.V. Krivova and A.G. Dukhvalov -- Experimental model of the device for detection of nuclear materials by pulsed photoneutron technology / Alexander Bakalyarov, Maxim Karetnikov, Valentin Lebedev, Genrik Muradyan, Yuri Skorik, Nikolay Tupikin and Genrikh Yakovlev -- Radioecological monitoring to the south Caucasus' rivers as a tool for early warning system / Anna Nalbandyan and Armen Saghatelyan -- Calibration of a cloud rise model for a RDD scenario -- Application of a decision support system in nuclear and radiological emergency : opportunities and challenges / Wolfgang Raskob -- A 3D-Monte Carlo based dispersion model for an RDD or a nuclear terror scenario / Avi Sharon, Yakov Kutsher, Ilan Yaar, Shlomo Mark and J.R. Schwartz -- Challenges in responding to incidents involving the malevolent use of radiation / Carlos Rojas-Palma -- French emergency response in case of dirty bomb threat / Thierry Pelletier and Frédéric Mariotte -- Psychological and social response to a nuclear terrorist event / Anthony J. Baratta -- Cleanup and site restoration strategy after a radiological terror attack / Friedrich Steinhaeusler -- Activity estimation of gamma-ray emitting sources without the preliminary knowledge on a shielding design. Simulation and experiment for NAI(TL) detector / Serguei Korneyev -- Assessment of radiological risks and possible ecological and economic damages from large-scale natural and man-induced catastrophes in ecology-hazard regions : catastrophes in ecology-hazard regions of Central Asia and the Caucasus / A.N. Valyaev, S.V. Kazakov, H.D. Passell, V.P. Solodukhin, V.A. Petrov, O.V. Stepanets, G.M. Aleksanyan, M.S. Chkhartishvili, D.I. Aitmatova, R.F. Mamedov and A.A. Magerramov -- Results of implementation of the state program "Radiation" in Georgia / N. Vepkhvadze and K. Gelashvili
Summary Since the end of the Cold War, the nuclear threats facing the world are dramatically evolving and have become even much more complex. However, the events of the past years have proved the necessity to reevaluate these threats on a level never before considered. The need to prevent, detect and respond to Nuclear/Radiological threats leads to many requirements that are not met by current scientific technologies and scientific communities. For this concern now we are aware and recognize, the first, that no single institution (no single country) possesses all the required assets to address these complex problems. It will require the formation of international science and technology teams that combine multiple scientific disciplines and span from basic research to systems engineering and manufacturing; the second, that fundamental scientific challenges must be overcome to achieve new and improved technologies that effectively counter radiological and nuclear threats. The primary goal of any counter-terrorism effort is to prevent an attack as early in the development stages as possible. Many current approaches employed to prevent a nuclear/radiological attack rely upon detection of materials. Another general category of threat reduction involves preventing acquisition or utilization of the materials. Therefore while the organizers and participants of this meeting recognize that the Nuclear/Radiological threats is extremely broad, we necessarily limited the scope of this NATO Advanced Research Workshop and the programme focused on science and technology challenges associated with our need to prevent, detect and respond to Nuclear/Radiological threats. The book can serve as a tool for communicating the outcomes of the workshop not only to the multi-national scientific and technical communities engaged in combating nuclear/ radiological terrorism, but also to those working at governmental and policy levels whose actions affect the directions the science takes and how the technology is incorporated into country-specific national systems for combating nuclear/radiological terrorism
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Nuclear arms control -- Verification -- Equipment and supplies -- Congresses.
Radioactive substances -- Detection -- Congresses.
Radioactive substances -- Detection -- International cooperation -- Congresses.
Nuclear terrorism -- Prevention -- Technological innovations -- Congresses.
Genre/Form Conference papers and proceedings.
Conference papers and proceedings.
Form Electronic book
Author Apikyan, Samuel.
Diamond, David.
Way, Ralph.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
ISBN 1402066562 (hbk.)
1402066570 (paperback)
1402066589
9781402066566 (hbk.)
9781402066573 (paperback)
9781402066580