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Book Cover
Book

Title Economic impacts of the Kyoto Protocol : accounting for the three major greenhouse gases
Published Canberra : Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 1999

Copies

Location Call no. Vol. Availability
 MELB  363.7392 Bro/Eio  AVAILABLE
Description x, 131 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Series Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics. ABARE Research Report
ABARE research report.
Contents Machine derived contents note: Introduction -- The international negotiating context -- The ongoing negotiating process -- Key policy questions -- Outline of the report -- 2 Framework of analysis: the Global Trade and -- Environment Model -- Dynamics -- Macroeconomic overview -- The database -- Emission reduction responses -- 3 The reference case -- Reference case projections and the driving forces of -- emissions growth -- Emission projections, by region -- 4 Global impacts of the Kyoto Protocol -- Independent abatement mechanisms -- Emissions trading -- Impacts of policies on economies -- Impacts of policies on emissions -- 5 Economic impacts of abatement policies on -- Annex B regions -- Carbon penalties and emission reductions -- Macroeconomic impacts -- -- -- -- 6 Impacts of abatement policies on Annex B -- industries -- Fossil fuels -- Energy intensive industries -- Agricultural industries -- 7 Economic impacts of abatement policies on -- non-Annex B regions -- National economic impacts -- Explaining regional variations in economic impacts -- Emissions trading -- Impacts on industry output -- 8 Conclusions -- Appendixes -- A Emissions data in GTEM -- B Sensitivity of the carbon equivalent penalty to key model -- assumptions and reference case emissions -- C The emission reduction response function -- References -- Boxes -- 1 Key provisions of the Kyoto Protocol -- 2 Outcomes from the fourth Conference of the Parties -- 3 Climate change models -- 4 The effect of modeling three greenhouse gases -- 5 Estimates of carbon equivalent penalties from other models -- Figures - summary -- A Total emissions of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous -- oxide, reference case -- B Change in total carbon dioxide equivalent emissions at -- 2010 relative to the reference case -- C Annex B carbon equivalent penalty at 2010 -- D Change in real GNP at 2010 relative to the reference case -- -- -- -- E Change in real GNP in Annex B regions at 2010 relative -- to the reference case -- F Carbon equivalent penalties in Annex B regions at 2010 -- G Change in real GNP in non-Annex B regions at 2010 -- relative to the reference case -- Figures - main report -- I Deviation from the reference case in a GTEM simulation -- 2 Total emissions of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous -- oxide, reference case -- 3 Annex B and non-Annex B contributions to global -- greenhouse gas emissions, reference case -- 4 Population and GDP, reference case -- 5 Emission intensity of production, reference case -- 6 Change in real GNP at 2010 relative to the reference case -- 7 Annex B carbon equivalent penalty at 2010 -- 8 Annex B carbon equivalent penalties at 2010 for -- simulations using three gases and carbon dioxide only -- 9 Marginal abatement cost functions with three gases and -- carbon dioxide only -- 10 Change in total carbon dioxide equivalent emissions at -- 2010 relative to the reference case -- 11 Change in iron and steel production in selected -- non-Annex B regions at 2010 relative to the reference case -- 12 Carbon equivalent penalties in Annex B regions at 2010 -- 13 Change in total carbon dioxide equivalent emissions in -- Annex B regions at 2010 relative to the reference case -- 14 Emission intensity of production in Annex B -- regions, 1992 -- 15 Carbon dioxide emissions from electricity generation as a -- proportion of total greenhouse gas emissions in Annex B -- regions, 1992 -- 16 Methane and nitrous oxide emissions as a proportion of -- total greenhouse gas emissions in Annex B regions, 1992 -- 17 Change in real GNP in Annex B regions at 2010 relative -- to the reference case -- -- -- -- 18 Income transfers as a share of GNP in Annex B -- regions at 2010 -- 19 Total carbon equivalent penalty as a percentage of GNP in -- Annex B regions at 2010 -- 20 Change in investment in Annex B regions at 2010 relative -- to the reference case -- 21 Fugitive emissions per unit of output in fossil fuel -- production in Annex B regions, 1992 -- 22 Change in coal production in selected Annex B regions at -- 2010 relative to the reference case -- 23 Change in gas production in selected Annex B regions at -- 2010 relative to the reference case -- 24 Change in oil production in selected Annex B regions at -- 2010 relative to the reference case -- 25 Change in iron and steel production in selected Annex B -- regions at 2010 relative to the reference case -- 26 Change in nonferrous metals production in selected -- Annex B regions at 2010 relative to the reference case -- 27 Change in livestock production in selected Annex B -- regions at 2010 relative to the reference case -- 28 Change in meat and milk production in selected Annex B -- regions at 2010 relative to the reference case -- 29 Change in grain production in selected Annex B regions -- at 2010 relative to the reference case -- 30 Change in rice production in Japan at 2010 relative to the -- reference case -- 31 Change in real GNP in non-Annex B regions at 2010 -- relative to the reference case -- 32 Change in investment in non-Annex B regions at 2010 -- relative to the reference case -- 33 Change in the fossil fuel intensive import price index in non- -- Annex B regions at 2010 relative to the reference case -- 34 Fossil fuel intensive imports as a share of GNP in -- non-Annex B regions, 1992 -- -- -- -- 35 Change in the export price index in non-Annex B regions -- at 2010 relative to the reference case -- 3(6 Exports as a share of GNP in non-Annex B regions, 1992 -- 37 Exports from non-Annex B to Annex B regions as a -- share of total exports, 1992 -- 38X Change in iron and steel production in selected -- non-Annex B regions at 2010 relative to the reference case -- 39 Change in nonferrous metals production in selected non- -- Annex B regions at 2010 relative to the reference case -- 40 Change in coal production in selected non-Annex B -- regions at 2010 relative to the reference case -- 41 Change in oil production in selected non-Annex B -- regions at 2010 relative to the reference case -- 42 Change in gas production in selected non-Annex B -- regions at 2010 relative to the reference case -- 43 Change in livestock exports and production in Mexico -- at 2010 relative to the reference case -- 44 Carbon equivalent penalty in Annex B regions at 2010 -- under different electricity technology assumptions -- 45 Carbon equivalent penalty in Annex B regions at 2010 -- with varying emission reduction response times -- Tables - summary -- A Kyoto Protocol target commitments for Annex B countries -- B Projected annual average growth in emissions, 1990-2010: -- reference case -- C Projected annual average growth in emissions, population -- and output, 1990-2010: Annex B regions, reference case -- Tables - main report -- 1 Kyoto Protocol target commitments for Annex B countries -- 2 Regional coverage in GTEM -- 3 Commodity and greenhouse gas emissions coverage -- in GTEM -- 4 Projected annual average growth in emissions, 1990-2010: -- reference case -- -- -- -- 5 Projected annual average growth in emissions, population -- and output, 1990-2010: Annex B regions, reference case -- 6 Percentage of electricity generated by each fuel under the -- reference case: Annex B regions -- 7 Projected annual average growth in emissions, 1990-2010: -- selected Annex B regions, reference case and National -- Communications -- 8 Projected annual average growth in carbon dioxide emissions -- from fossil fuel combustion in various models, 1990-2010: -- selected Annex B regions, reference case -- 9 Projected annual average growth in emissions, population -- and output, 1990-2010: non-Annex B regions, -- reference case -- 10 Percentage of electricity generated by each fuel under the -- reference case: non-Annex B regions -- 11 Projected annual average growth in carbon dioxide emission -- from fossil fuel combustion in various models, 1990-2010: -- selected non-Annex B regions, reference case -- 12 Fugitive methane and carbon dioxide emissions from coal, --
oil and gas production in GTEM -- 13 Emissions per head for each livestock type in GTEM -- 14 Methane and nitrous oxide emissions from livestock in -- GTEM -- 15 Methane emissions from rice cultivation in GTEM -- 16 Nitrous oxide emissions from application of nitrogenous -- fertilisers in GTEM -- 17 NO2 emissions from the chemicals, rubber and plastics -- and trade and transport sectors in GTEM -- 18 CO2 emissions from production of nonmetallic minerals -- and nonferrous metals in GTEM -- 19 Target reductions in emission coefficients
Analysis Australia overseas comparisons
Cost benefit analysis
Economic modelling
Federal issue
Greenhouse effect
Kyoto Protocol
Statistics
Tradable emission permits
Notes ABARE project 1590
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Notes Also available via the World Wide Web
Commonwealth of Australia 1999
Subject United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992 May 9)
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992 May 9). Protocols, etc. (1997 December 11)
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992 May 9) (1997 December 11)
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992 May 9). Protocols, etc (1997 December 10)
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Protocols, etc
Greenhouse effect, Atmospheric -- Economic aspects.
Greenhouse effect, Atmospheric -- International cooperation.
Greenhouse gas mitigation -- Economic aspects.
Greenhouse gas mitigation -- International cooperation.
Greenhouse gases -- Economic aspects.
Greenhouse gases -- International cooperation.
Author Brown, Stephen.
Fisher, Brian S.
Graham, Brett, 1967-
Jakeman, Guy
Jotzo, Frank.
Kennedy, Darren.
Polidano, Cain
Woffenden, Kate
Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
LC no. 2001320447
ISSN 1037-8286
ISBN 0642266441
Other Titles Kyoto Protocol