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Book Cover
Author Benintendi, Renato, author

Title Process Safety Calculations / Renato Benintendi
Published Amsterdam, Netherland : Elsevier Science, [2018]
Online access available from:
ScienceDirect eBooks    View Resource Record  
ScienceDirect eBooks    View Resource Record  


Description 1 online resource (xxiii, 638 pages) : illustrations
Contents Front Cover; Process Safety Calculations; Copyright; Dedication; Contents; Preface; Acknowledgements; Part 1: Fundamentals; Chapter 1: Chemistry of Process Safety; 1.1. Stoichiometry and Mass Balances; 1.1.1. Mass Balances; 1.1.2. Chemical Reactions; 1.1.3. Jet Flows From Pressurised Systems; 1.1.4. Flash Flow; 1.1.5. Absorption and Adsorption; 1.2. States of Substances in Process Safety; 1.2.1. Gases and Vapours; 1.2.2. Liquid; 1.2.3. Dusts; 1.2.4. Hybrid Mixtures; 1.2.5. Explosive Mists
1.2.6. Supercritical Fluids 1.3. Mass and Concentration Units in Process Safety; 1.3.1. Partial Volumes (Gas Phase); 1.3.2. Mass Fraction (Gas and Liquid Phase); 1.3.3. Mass to Volume Concentration (Gas and Liquid Phase); 1.3.4. Parts per Million (Gas and Liquid Phase); 1.3.5. Parts per Million (Gas Phase); 1.3.6. Molar Concentration (Aqueous Solutions); 1.3.7. Concentration Units Conversion Summary; 1.4. Solutions and Chemical Equilibrium; 1.4.1. Gaseous Solutions; 1.4.2. Kinetics and Equilibrium in Gas Reactive Mixtures
1.4.3. Liquid Solutions Liquid ;liquid solutions; Vapour liquid equilibrium in liquid solutions; 1.4.4. Azeotropic Mixtures; 1.4.5. Gas ;Liquid Equilibrium in Liquid Solutions; 1.4.6. Gas ;Liquid Equilibrium in Acid Gas Removal (AGR) Units; 1.4.7. Equilibria in Aqueous Solution; 1.4.8. Hydrogen Sulphide; 1.4.9. Sulphuric and Sulphurous Acid; 1.4.10. Carbon Dioxide; 1.4.11. Ammonia; 1.4.12. Chlorine; 1.4.13. Hydrolysis; 1.5. Absorption and Adsorption; 1.5.1. Absorption With Chemical Reaction; 1.5.2. Stripping
1.5.3. Adsorption 1.6. Applications; 1.6.1. Kinetics and Equilibrium of Sulphur Oxides; 1.6.2. Properties of Hydrogen Sulphide; 1.6.3. Properties of Ammonia; 1.6.4. Properties of Sulphur Dioxide; 1.6.5. Properties of Sulphur Trioxide; 1.6.6. Properties of Carbon Monoxide; 1.6.7. Properties of Carbon Dioxide; 1.6.8. Properties of Chlorine; 1.6.9. Properties of Benzene; References; Further Reading; Chapter 2: Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry of Process Safety; 2.1. Ideal Gases; 2.1.1. Standard and Normal Conditions
2.2. Real Gases 2.2.1. Virial Equation of State; 2.2.2. Corresponding States; 2.2.3. State Equations; 2.3. Polytropic Transformations; 2.4. State Functions; 2.4.1. Internal Energy; 2.4.2. Enthalpy; 2.4.3. Entropy; 2.5. Thermodynamic Properties; 2.5.1. Specific Heats; 2.5.2. Vapour Pressure; 2.5.3. Latent Heat of Vaporisation; 2.5.4. Sound Speed of Liquids and Gases; 2.6. Heat Transfer Mechanisms; 2.6.1. Thermal Conduction; 2.6.2. Thermal Convection; Empirical correlations for natural thermal convective flow
Summary Process Safety Calculations is an essential guide for process safety engineers involved in calculating and predicting risks and consequences. The book focuses on calculation procedures based on basic chemistry, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, conservation equations, kinetics and practical models. This book provides helpful calculations to demonstrate compliance with regulations and standards. Standards such as Seveso directive(s)/COMAH, CLP regulation, ATEX directives, PED directives, REACH regulation, OSHA/NIOSH and UK ALARP are covered, along with risk and consequence assessment, stoichiometry, thermodynamics, stress analysis and fluid-dynamics.Includes realistic engineering models with validation from CFD modeling and/or industry testingProvides an introduction into basic principles that govern process relationships in modern industryHelps the reader find and apply the right principles to the specific problem being solved, mitigated or validated
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Description based on print version record
Subject Chemical equilibrium.
Chemistry -- Popular works.
Production engineering.
Genre/Form Popular works.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 0081012292 (electronic bk.)
9780081012291 (electronic bk.)