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Book Cover
Author Brillant, Avigdor.

Title Digital and analog fiber optic communications for CATV and FTTx applications / Avigdor Brillant
Published Bellingham, Wash. : SPIE, [2008]
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (xxxiv, 1055 pages) : illustrations
Series SPIE Press monograph ; PM174
SPIE monograph ; PM174
Contents WDM, Fiber to the X, and HFC systems : a technical review -- Basic structure of optical transceivers -- Introduction to CATV standards and concepts of operation -- Introduction to optical fibers and passive optical fiber components -- Optics, modules, and lenses -- Semiconductor laser diode fundamentals -- Laser dynamics : external modulation for CATV and fast data rates -- Photodetectors -- Basic RF definitions and IMD effects on TV picture -- Introduction to receiver front-end noise modeling -- Amplifier analysis and design concepts -- AGC topologies and concepts -- Laser power and temperature control loops -- Quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) in CATV optical transmitters -- Introduction to CATV MODEM -- Linearization techniques -- System link budget calculation and impairment aspects -- Introduction to digital data signals and design constraints -- Transceivers and tunable wavelength transceiver modules -- Cross-talk isolation -- Test setups
pt. 1. System Overview -- 1. WDM, Fiber to The X, and HFC Systems: a Technical Review -- Introduction -- Cable TV and Networks System Overview -- PON and its Variants
10. Introduction to Receiver Front-End Noise Modeling -- Noise Analysis Basics -- Noise Sources in an Optical Receiver -- Thermal Noise (Johnson Noise) -- Shot Noise -- 1/f Noise -- Carrier to Noise Ratio -- PIN Photodetector Noise Modeling -- APD Photodetector Noise Modeling -- Receiver Front-End Design Considerations
11. Amplifier Analysis and Design Concepts -- Noise Parameters of a Two-Port Device -- Two-Port Network Matching to Minimum Noise -- Noise Modeling of MESFET -- Noise Modeling of Bipolar Junction Transistors -- MESFET Feedback Amplifier -- Distributed Amplifier -- Operational Transimpedance Amplifiers PIN TIA -- Biasing Methods -- Equalizers and Optimum placement of Equalizers -- Matched PIN VVA -- Examples For Noise Analysis CMOS and BJT RF IC Designs
12. AGC Topologies and Concepts -- Feed Forward (FF) Automatic Gain Control (AGC) -- Feedback AGC
13. Laser Power and Temperature Control Loops -- Automatic-Power-Control Loop -- Thermoelectric Cooler (TEC) Control
15. Introduction to CATV MODEM -- QAM MODEM Block Diagram -- MPEG Scrambler/Descrambler -- Codes Concept -- Reed-Solomon Codes -- Interleaver/Deinterleaver -- Trellis-Coded Modulation -- M-ary QAM Transmitter Design -- M-ary QAM Receiver Design
16. Linearization Techniques -- Electronic Linearization Methods in CATV Transmitters -- Push-Pull -- Optical Linearization Methods in CATV Transmitters -- CATV Transmitter Structure
17. System Link Budget Calculation and Impairment Aspects -- Link Design Calculations -- Clipping-Induced Nonlinear Distortions -- Bursts of Nonlinear Distortions -- Multiple Optical Reflections -- Dispersion-Induced Nonlinear Distortions -- Optical Fiber and Optics Nonlinear Effects -- CATV/Data Transport Coexistence
19. Transceivers and Tunable Wavelength Transceiver Modules -- Burst Mode -- Wavelength Lockers and Wavelength Control Loop -- Transceiver Housing TOSA ROSA Structure and Integration
2. Basic Structure of Optical Transceivers -- Analog CATV Receiver and Coax Cables -- Analog CATV Return-Path Receiver and Transmitter -- Digital Transceiver -- ITR Digital Transceiver and Analog Receiver -- Architecture of Tunable Wavelength Transmitters
21. Test Setups -- CATV Power Measurement Units -- OMI Calibration using PD -- Two-Tone Test -- Multitone Test -- AGC Calibration Using Pilot Tone -- Feedback AGC Performance under a Video-Modulated Signal -- Cross-Talk Test Methods -- Understanding Analog Receiver Specification
3. Introduction to CATV Standards and Concepts of Operation -- Television System Fundamentals -- Video Bandwidth and Spectrum Considerations of Color TV -- Digital TV and MPEG Standards -- NTSC Frequency Plan and Minimum System Requirements -- Basic NTSC TV Signal Testing
5. Optics Modules and Lenses -- Planar Lightwave Circuits -- Free-Space Bulk Optical WDM Modules
6. Semiconductor Laser Diode Fundamentals -- Basic Laser Physics: Concepts of Operation -- Semiconductor Laser Structure: Gain Guided vs. Index Guided -- Longitudinal Modes and Fabry Perot (FP) Lasers -- Distributed Feedback (DFB) and Distributed Bragg Reflector (DBR) Lasers -- Multiple Quantum Well Lasers -- Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Laser -- Tunable Lasers -- Laser Characteristics in RF -- Quantum Efficiency
7. Laser Dynamics: External Modulation for CATV and Fast Data Rates -- Dynamic Response of a Semiconductor Laser -- Large Signal Deviation from the Basic Model -- Amplitude-Phase Coupling (Chirp) -- Laser Distortions -- External Modulation
8. Photodetectors -- Photodetectors and Detection of General Background -- Junction Photodetector -- Avalanche Photodetector -- Bias Considerations -- Photodetection and Coherent Detection
pt. 2. Semiconductors and Passives -- 4. Introduction to Optical Fibers and Passive Optical Fiber Components -- Single Mode Fiber -- Optical Fiber Connectors -- Optical Couplers -- WDM Multiplexers -- Optical Isolators and Circulators
pt. 3. RF and Control Concepts -- 9. Basic RF Definitions and IMD Effects on TV Picture -- Distortions and Dynamic Range -- 1-dB Compression Point and IP3 Relations -- Amplifier Gain Reduction due to Third-Order Nonlinearity -- Cross-Modulation Effects -- AM-to-PM Effects -- Multitone CTB Relations -- RF Lineups, NF Calculations and Considerations -- RF Lineups, P1dB and IP3 Calculations and Considerations -- Mismatch Effects -- CSO and CTB Distortion Effects on TV Picture
pt. 4. Introduction to CATV MODEM and Transmitters -- 14. Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) in CATV Optical Transmitters -- Quadrature Modulators -- Generating FM using QPSK Modulators -- Digital QAM -- Signal Impairments and Effects -- Jitter-to-Phase-Noise Relationship-- Residual AM Effects -- Nonlinear Effects -- EVM and MER -- BER of M-ary QAM -- Relationship Between Eb/No to C/N -- BER vs. Eb/No to C/N Performance Limits -- EVM relations to C/N
pt. 5. Digital Transceivers Performance -- 18. Introduction to Digital Data Signals and Design Constraints -- Eye Analysis and BER -- Extinction Ratio -- Mode Partition -- Timing Jitter -- Relative Intensity Noise -- Minimum Detectable Signal and Optical Power -- Digital Through Analogue -- Data Formats -- Clock and Data Recovery
pt. 6. Integration and Testing -- 20. Cross-Talk Isolation -- Introduction -- Desensitization in Wideband Systems with Overlapping Rx/Tx BW -- Wideband PRBS NRZ Interference Analysis -- EMI RFI Sources Theory For Shielding -- GND Discipline Theory for Shielding and Minimum Emission -- Emission and Reception Mechanisms in Integrated Modules -- Differential Signal -- Important Definitions and Guidelines -- A Brief Discussion about Transmission Lines
Summary This book is intended to provide a step-by-step guide to all design aspects and tradeoffs from theory to application for fiber-optics transceiver electronics. Presenting a compendium of information in a structured way, this book enables the engineer to develop a methodical design approach, a deep understanding of specifications parameters and the reasons behind them, as well as their effects and consequences on system performance, which are essential for proper component design. Further, a fundamental understanding of RF, digital circuit design, and linear and nonlinear phenomena is important in order to achieve the desired performance levels. Becoming familiar with solid-state devices and passives used to build optical receivers and transmitters is also important so one can effectively overcome design limitations
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Subject Cable television -- Equipment and supplies.
Fiber optic cables.
Optical fiber subscriber loops.
Optoelectronic devices.
Form Electronic book
Author Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers.
ISBN 0470611383
081948105X (electronic bk.)
9780819481054 (electronic bk.)
(alk. paper)
(alk. paper)