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Title The Cambridge economic history of modern Europe. Volume 1, 1700-1870 / edited by Stephen Broadberry and Kevin O'Rourke
Published New York : Cambridge University Press, 2010
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Description 1 online resource (xiv, 329 pages) : illustrations
Series The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Europe
Contents Cover; Half-title; Title; Copyright; Dedication; Contents; Figures; Tables; Contributors; Preface; Introduction to Volume 1; Part I Aggregate growth and cycles; Chapter 1 Understanding growth in Europe, 1700-1870: theory and evidence; Theoretical approaches; Some observations from economic history; Malthus vanishing; Institutions, good and bad; Human capital and culture; Technology; Conclusion: progress out of misunderstandings; Chapter 2 The demographic transition and human capital; The pre-industrial demographic regime; Fertility limitation within Europe
The Malthusian balance in eastern and Mediterranean EuropeThe effectiveness of Malthusian adjustments; The Malthusian regime in disequilibrium, 1750-1870; What caused the mortality decline?; Medical knowledge; Public health measures; Epidemic controls; Transport improvements; Marriage; Migration; The demographic transition; Income and fertility; Education and fertility; Conclusion; Chapter 3 State and private institutions; Political institutions; Fiscal institutions; Business law; The state and the infrastructure sector; Roads; Waterways; Railroad policies; Conclusion
Chapter 4 Trade and empireIntroduction: the rise and fall of European mercantilism; Quantitative trends, 1700-1870; Trade volumes; Commodity price convergence; Trade, empire, and growth; Mechanisms; Empires and welfare; Trade and the Industrial Revolution; Chapter 5 Business cycles; Cycles before 18163; Cycles from 1816 to 1870; Part II Sectoral analysis; Chapter 6 Agriculture; Agriculture and long-run growth; Technological change and the growth of productivity and population; Urbanization, markets, and farm specialization; Institutions; Conclusion; Chapter 7 Industry; Key themes
Technological progressWages and technology; Energy; Knowledge and human capital; The organization of industry; The structure of European industry; Coal and steam; Textiles; Food, drink, and tobacco; The iron industry; Sweden and Russia: the charcoal-based iron industry; Britain: the first coal-based iron industry; The Continent: partial adoption of the new techniques; The Continent: adaptations in the traditional sector; Conclusion; Chapter 8 The services sector; Finance; Shipping; Distribution; Conclusion; Part III Living standards; Chapter 9 Standards of living; Economic growth; Real wages
The pessimistic case revisitedThe Human Development Index; A Kuznets curve?; Conclusion; Chapter 10 Urbanization; The geography of urbanization; Cities; A global view; European urbanization in 1700 and 1800; The core of European urbanization; The peripheries of urban Europe; Two case studies; The chronology of urbanization; A long view; Two epochs; Urban population and urban centers; Four areas; Deviations from the average; Urban hierarchies; The urban transition; Structural change and the urban transition; A dualistic system; The determinants of urban growth
Summary Unlike most existing textbooks on the economic history of modern Europe, which offer a country-by-country approach, The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Europe rethinks Europe's economic history since 1700 as unified and pan-European, with the material organised by topic rather than by country. This first volume is centred on the transition to modern economic growth, which first occurred in Britain before spreading to other parts of western Europe by 1870. Each chapter is written by an international team of authors who cover the three major regions of northern Europe, southern Europe, and
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes English
Print version record
Subject Economics -- Europe
Europe -- Economic conditions
Form Electronic book
Genre/Form Electronic books
Author Broadberry, S. N
O'Rourke, Kevin H
LC no. 2009050509
ISBN 0511850182
9780511850189
9786612631399
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