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Title Exercise and sports pulmonology : pathophysiological adaptations and rehabilitation / Annalisa Cogo, Matteo Bonini, Paolo Onorati, editors
Published Cham, Switzerland : Springer, [2019]
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Description 1 online resource
Contents Intro; Foreword; Preface; Contents; Part I: Exercise Lung Physiology; 1: Pulmonary Physiology and Response to Exercise; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 The Structure of the Human Respiratory System; 1.3 Control of Breathing; 1.3.1 Chemical and Mechanical Sensory Inputs; 1.4 Breathing Mechanics; 1.4.1 Control of Airway Caliber; 1.4.2 Flow-Volume Relationships; 1.4.3 Breathing Pattern; 1.5 Pulmonary Gas Exchange During Exercise; 1.5.1 Acid-Base Regulation; 1.6 Cardiopulmonary Interactions; 1.6.1 Mechanical Interactions and the Respiratory Muscle Pump; 1.6.2 Respiratory Muscle Blood Flow
1.6.3 Mechanical Efficiency of Exercise Hyperpnea1.7 Summary; References; Part II: Respiratory Assessment and Physical Activity; 2: Medical History, Questionnaires and Physical Examination; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Medical History; 2.3 Questionnaires; 2.4 History of Symptoms and Physical Examination; References; 3: Tests of Lung Function: Physiological Principles and Interpretation; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Static Properties of Respiratory System; 3.2.1 Subdivisions and Determinants of Lung Volumes; 3.2.2 Measurements of Lung Volumes; 3.3 Dynamic Properties of the Respiratory System
3.3.1 Tidal Breathing3.3.2 Forced Manoeuvres; 3.4 Distribution of Ventilation and Pulmonary Gas Exchange; 3.4.1 Measurements of Ventilation Heterogeneity; 3.4.2 Alveolar-to-Capillary Gas Exchange; 3.4.3 Subcomponents of Lung Diffusing Capacity; 3.5 Interpretative Strategies; References; Part III: Respiratory Diseases and Exercise; 4: Asthma; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Clinical Features; 4.3 Prevalence; 4.4 Pathogenesis; 4.5 Diagnosis; 4.6 Management; 4.6.1 Non-pharmacological Prevention; 4.6.2 Pharmacological Prevention; 4.7 Tips and Pitfalls; 4.8 Conclusions; References
5.11 Exercise Pathophysiology in Moderate-to-Severe COPD5.12 Exertional Dyspnoea in COPD; 5.13 Asymptomatic Subjects with Airway Obstruction; 5.14 Conclusions; References; 6: Exercise Testing in Cystic Fibrosis; 6.1 Introduction; 6.1.1 Indications to CPET in CF Patients; 6.1.2 CPET Protocols; 6.1.3 Factors Limiting Exercise Tolerance in CF Detected at CPET; 6.1.4 Field Tests; 6.1.5 Pulmonary Exercise-Based Rehabilitation in CF; 6.1.6 Daily Physical Activity in CF; References; 7: Exercise in Interstitial Lung Diseases; 7.1 Introduction; 7.2 Pathophysiology
5: Exercise in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Evaluating Exercise Limitation in COPD: Methodological Considerations; 5.3 Measuring Perceptual Responses to Exercise; 5.4 Assessment of Respiratory System Reserve During Exercise; 5.5 Breathing Pattern and Operating Lung Volumes During Exercise; 5.6 Flow-Volume Loop Analysis During Exercise; 5.7 Increased Ventilatory Demand During Exercise in COPD; 5.8 Abnormal Lung Mechanics During Exercise in COPD; 5.9 Cardiovascular Responses to Exercise in COPD; 5.10 Exercise Pathophysiology in Mild COPD
Summary This book provides an innovative and comprehensive overview of the relationship between lung and exercise, both in healthy, active subjects and in subjects with chronic respiratory diseases. It investigates in detail the central role of the lungs during exercise and illustrates the impact of respiratory impairment due to both acute and chronic lung diseases on performance. Further, the book presents the latest evidence-based findings, which confirm that exercise is an effective and safe form of prevention and rehabilitation in respiratory diseases. The first section describes the changes in the respiratory system during exercise and the contribution of respiration to exercise, while readers will learn how to perform a respiratory assessment in the second section. The third section addresses a broad range of chronic respiratory diseases and the (in)ability of those affected to play sports and perform exercise, thus providing a basis for individual assessments. The last two sections focus on respiratory training, rehabilitation and the relationship between respiration and the environment, e.g. in high-altitude and underwater sports. The book will appeal to a wide readership, including pulmonologists, sport medicine physicians, physiotherapists and trainers, as well as instructors and students in exercise science
Notes Online resource; title from digital title page (viewed on March 26, 2019)
Subject Cardiovascular fitness
Respiratory organs
Respiratory Physiological Phenomena
Cardiovascular fitness.
MEDICAL -- Physiology.
Respiratory organs.
SCIENCE -- Life Sciences -- Human Anatomy & Physiology.
Form Electronic book
Author Bonini, Matteo, editor
Cogo, Annalisa, editor
Onorati, Paolo, editor
ISBN 3030052583