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Title Charge and energy storage in electrical double layers / edited by Silvia Ahualli, Ángel V. Delgado
Published London, United Kingdom ; Cambridge, MA, United States : Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier, [2018]
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Description 1 online resource
Series Interface science and technology ; volume 24
Interface science and technology ; v. 24
Contents Front Cover; Charge and Energy Storage in Electrical Double Layers; Copyright; Contents; Contributors; Section A: Fundamentals of the Electrical Double Layer; Chapter 1: Charge and Potential Distribution in the Electrical Double Layer of Porous Materials: Models; 1.1. Introduction; 1.2. The Classical Gouy-Chapman Theory; 1.3. The Gouy-Chapman-Stern-Grahame Model; 1.4. The Case of Cylindrical Pores; 1.5. The Modified Donnan Model; 1.6. Simulations; 1.7. Conclusions; References; Chapter 2: Kinetics of Ion Transport in a Porous Electrode; 2.1. Introduction; 2.2. Basic Physics of the Problem
2.3. Equations and Boundary Conditions 2.4. Numerical Solution: Concentration and Potential Profiles With Time; 2.5. Implications for Energy Production; 2.6. Capacitive Deionization Cycles; 2.7. Membrane Capacitive Deionization Cycles; 2.8. Conclusions; Acknowledgments; References; Chapter 3: The Electrical Double Layer as a Capacitor. Evaluation of Capacitance in Different Solutions: Effect of Ion Con ...; 3.1. Introduction; 3.2. Theory; 3.2.1. The surface charge and potential; 3.2.2. The mD approach; 3.2.3. The excess chemical potential; 3.3. EDL Structure: Bikerman Equation vs C-S Model
3.4. Ion Specificity 3.4.1. Effect of valency; 3.4.2. Effect of the ionic size; 3.5. EDL Overlap; 3.6. Multiionic Solutions; 3.6.1. Competition between ions with different valency; 3.6.2. Competition between ions with equal valency; 3.6.3. Size effects: beyond steric repulsion; 3.7. Steric Effect in CDLE; Acknowledgments; References; Section B: Materials; Chapter 4: Selection of Carbon Electrode Materials; 4.1. Introduction; 4.2. Carbons; 4.2.1. Carbon aerogels; 4.2.2. CNTs; 4.2.3. Mesoporous carbon; 4.2.4. Graphene; 4.3. Nitrogen-Doped Carbons; 4.3.1. Nitrogen-doped CAs
4.3.2. Nitrogen-doped graphene 4.3.3. Nitrogen-doped porous carbon spheres; References; Section C: Capacitive Energy Extraction From Double Layer Expansion (CDLE); Chapter 5: Capacitive Energy Extraction From Double Layer Expansion (CDLE). Fundamentals of the Method; 5.1. Salinity Gradient Power; 5.2. What Happens to the EDL When We Decrease the Concentration of the Solution?; 5.3. CapMix Cycle; 5.4. Theory of Salt Adsorption; 5.5. Thermodynamics of the CapMix Process; 5.6. Voltage Rise of the Electrodes; 5.6.1. Voltage rise versus base voltage graph; 5.6.2. Simple activated carbon
5.6.3. Activated carbon with surface modifications 5.7. Kinetic Aspects of CDLE; 5.8. Comparison with Other SGP Techniques; References; Further Reading; Chapter 6: Capacitive Energy Extraction From CDLE: Implementation; 6.1. Introduction; 6.2. The Capmix Cell; 6.3. Suggestions for Methodology; 6.4. Optimum Working Conditions; 6.5. Temperature Influence on CDLE; 6.6. Carbon Materials Requirements; 6.7. Salinity Difference Effects; 6.8. Stackings of Capmix Cells; 6.9. Conclusions; References; Section D: Capacitive Energy Extraction by Donnan Potential (CDP)
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Description based on online resource; title from digital title page (viewed on January 10, 2019)
Subject Energy storage
Porous materials -- Electric properties
Energy storage.
Form Electronic book
Author Ahualli, Silvia, editor
Delgado, Ángel V., editor
ISBN 0128113995 electronic book
9780128113998 electronic book