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E-book
Author Everett, Mark E., 1961-

Title Near-Surface Applied Geophysics
Published Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2013
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Description 1 online resource (444 pages)
Contents Preface; Acknowledgments; 1 Introduction; 1.1 Workflow; 1.2 Some applications of near-surface geophysics; 1.3 Communication of uncertainties; 1.4 Outline of the book; 2 Data analysis; 2.1 Information; 2.2 Sensors; 2.3 Frequency response; 2.4 Discrete Fourier transform; 2.5 Filtering; 2.6 Convolution; 2.7 Sampling and aliasing; 2.8 Data windows and spectral analysis; 2.9 De-spiking time series; 2.10 Continuous wavelet transform (CWT); Problems; 3 Magnetics; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Fundamentals; 3.3 Instrumentation; 3.4 Magnetic gradiometry; 3.5 Geomagnetic field
3.6 Total-field anomaly3.7 Interpretation of magnetic anomalies; 3.8 Reduction to the pole; 3.9 Depth rules; 3.10 Magnetic properties of rocks, soils, and buried steel objects; 3.11 Remanent magnetization; 3.12 Image-enhancement filters; 3.13 Upward continuation; 3.14 Euler and Werner deconvolution; 3.15 Illustrative case histories; Problems; 4 Electrical resistivity method; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Fundamentals; 4.3 Sensitivity functions; 4.4 Multi-layer models; 4.5 Azimuthal resistivity; 4.6 Resistivity pseudosections; 4.7 Electrical-resistivity tomography (ERT)
4.8 Electrical properties of rocks4.9 Electrical-hydraulic field-scale correlation studies; 4.10 Optimal electrode placement; 4.11 Underwater resistivity techniques; 4.12 Illustrative case histories; Problems; 5 Induced polarization and self-potential; 5.1 Induced polarization (IP): introduction; 5.2 Phenomenological resistivity dispersion models; 5.3 Electrode, membrane, and interfacial polarization; 5.4 IP response and subsurface geological processes; 5.5 Non-polarizing electrodes; 5.6 IP illustrated case history; 5.7 Self-potential (SP): introduction; 5.8 Physical mechanisms
5.9 Interpretation of SP measurements5.10 Continuous wavelet transform analysis; 5.11 SP illustrated case history; Problem; 6 Seismic reflection and refraction; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 Stress and strain; 6.3 Wave motion; 6.4 Seismic waves and elastic moduli; 6.5 Seismic velocity of geomaterials; 6.6 Reflection and refraction at an interface; 6.7 Diffraction; 6.8 Analysis of idealized reflection seismograms; 6.9 Vertical and horizontal resolution; 6.10 Common midpoint profiling; 6.11 Dip moveout; 6.12 Attenuation; 6.13 Seismic refraction; 6.14 Practical considerations
6.15 Seismic data processing6.16 Ray-path modeling; 6.17 Illustrated case studies; Problems; 7 Seismic surface-wave analysis; 7.1 Rayleigh waves; 7.2 Dispersion; 7.3 Rayleigh-wave propagation in a multi-layer system; 7.4 Spectral analysis of surface waves (SASW); 7.5 Multichannel analysis of surface waves (MASW); 7.6 Inversion of R-wave dispersion characteristics; 7.7 Microtremor and passive studies; 7.8 Illustrated case histories; 8 Electromagnetic induction; 8.1 Introduction; 8.2 Fundamentals; 8.3 The skin effect; 8.4 Inductively coupled LR circuits; 8.5 Terrain conductivity meters
Summary A refreshing, up-to-date book exploration of the latest developments in near-surface techniques, for advanced-undergraduate and graduate students, and professionals
Notes 8.6 Time-domain EM induction
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Geophysics -- Methodology.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 1107341604 (electronic bk.)
1139088432 (electronic bk.)
1299408931 (MyiLibrary)
9781107341609 (electronic bk.)
9781139088435 (electronic bk.)
9781299408937 (MyiLibrary)