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Author Frecer, Robert, 1989-

Title Gerulata : the lamps : Roman lamps in a provincial context / Robert Frecer
Edition First edition
Published Prague : Charles University in Prague, Karolinum Press, 2015
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (429 pages)
Contents Table of Contents; Acknowledgments; Legend; List of abbreviations; 1. Preface; 2. Lampmaking Throughout the Ages and the Romans in Gerulata; 2.1 History of lampmaking; 2.1.1 The first lamps; 2.1.2 The Greek re-inventions -- nozzle and covered bowl; 2.1.3 Roman light; 2.1.4 The Romans acquire lamps; 2.1.5 Roman lamps in Gerulata; 2.2 Rome, Pannonia and the archaeological history of Gerulata; 2.2.1 The geography of Pannonia; 2.2.2 The literary sources; 2.2.3 Early Roman conquest of Pannonia; 2.2.4 Maroboduus; 2.2.5 Rome stalls; 2.2.6 Laying the ground for the future province
2.2.7 Gerulata and its environs2.2.8 The first auxiliary fort; 2.2.9 The creation of the limes in Pannonia, and the second century; 2.2.10 The Marcomannic Wars; 2.2.11 The third century and the destruction of Gerulata; 2.2.12 Renewal in the ad 270s and the fourth century; 2.2.13 Valentinian and the final phase of Gerulata; 3. Catalogue of Lamps; How to read this catalogue:; Table of lamps from Gerulata; Bildlampen; 3.1 Loeschcke type I -- Volute lamps; 3.1.1 Loeschcke type 1 b; 3.1.2 Loeschcke type 1 b/c; 3.1.3 Loeschcke type I c; 3.1.4 Non-specific fragments of Loeschcke type I lamps
3.2 Loeschcke type VIII -- Round lamps3.3 Fragments of Bildlampen; Firmalampen; 3.4 Loeschcke type IX -- Early Firmalampen; 3.4.1 Loeschcke type IX b; 3.4.2 Loeschcke type IX c; 3.5 Loeschcke type X -- Later Firmalampen; 3.5.1 Loeschcke type X: with relief stamps; 3.5.2 Loeschcke type X: illegible stamps ; 3.5.3 Loeschcke type X: without stamps ; 3.5.4 Loeschcke type XK -- with shortened nozzle ; 3.6 Unspecified fragments of Firmalampen; 3.6.1 Firmalampen fragments with stamps; 3.6.2 Firmalampen fragments without stamps; Uncommon types; 3.7 Lamps with multiple nozzles; 3.8 Glazed lamps
3.9 Bronze lamps4. Lamps for the Dead: the Cemeteries of Gerulata in Contemporary Funerary Practice; 4.1 The last light; 4.1.1 Two phases of burial in Gerulata; 4.2 The case of Gerulata; 4.2.1 Types of lamps in funerary contexts; 4.2.2 The three cemeteries; 4.2.3 Age and sex as factors; 4.2.4 Lamps for the dead; 4.2.5 Roman graves and provincial funerary practice; 4.2.6 Lamps as personal objects in burial practice; 5. Catalogue of Stamps, Inscriptions, Marks and Distinctive Features; 5.1 Producers' marks; 5.1.1 Agilis; 5.1.2 Aprio ; 5.1.3 Atimeti; 5.1.4 S.C.A. ; 5.1.5 Campili; 5.1.6 Cassi
5.1.7 Ceriali 5.1.8 Communis; 5.1.9 Cresces; 5.1.10 C. Dessi; 5.1.11 Festi; 5.1.12 Fortis; 5.1.13 Q.G.C. ; 5.1.14 Litogenes; 5.1.15 Lucius; 5.1.16 L. Nari; 5.1.17 Neri; 5.1.18 Octavi; 5.1.19 C.P.S. ; 5.1.20 Pulli; 5.1.21 Strobili; 5.1.22 Ursu; 5.1.23 Vibiani; 5.1.24 Vibius; 5.1.25 Illegible stamps; 5.2 Workshop marks; 5.2.1 Ornamental marks; 5.2.2 Dots, circles and bullseyes; 5.2.3 Linear marks; 5.3 Inscriptions, incisions, and marks of a personal nature; 5.3.1 The 'YYCO' inscription; 5.3.2 The 'AY PR O' cursive relief; 5.3.3 Other incisions
Summary What should a catalogue of archaeological material contain? This book is a comprehensive index of 210 lamps from the Roman fort of Gerulata (present-day Bratislava-Rusovce, Slovakia) and its adjoining civilian settlement. The lamps were excavated during the last 50 years from the houses, cemeteries, barracks and fortifications of this Roman outpost on the Limes Romanus and span almost three centuries from AD 80 to AD 350. For the first time, they are published in full and in color with detailed analysis of lamp types, workshop marks and discus scenes. Roman lamps were a distinctive form of int
Notes 6. Catalogue of Discus Scenes and Iconography
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Notes Print version record
Subject Excavations (Archaeology)
Lamps, Roman.
Pottery, Roman.
Rome -- Civilization.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 8024627108 (electronic bk.)
9788024627106 (electronic bk.)