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E-book

Title Pillared clays and related catalysts / Antonio Gil [and others], editors ; foreword by Thomas J. Pinnavaia
Published New York : Springer, [2010]
©2010
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Description 1 online resource (xvi, 522 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Contents Cover13; -- Foreword -- Preface -- Contents -- Contributors -- Chapter 1 Microwave Effect on Clay Pillaring -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Experimental -- 1.3 Determinant Conditions -- 1.3.1 Irradiation Time -- 1.3.2 Clay to Water Ratio -- 1.3.3 Metal to Clay Ratio -- 1.3.4 Ultrasound Versus Microwave Irradiation -- 1.4 Other Clays -- 1.4.1 Clay Synthesis -- 1.4.2 Aluminum-Intercalated Samples -- 1.4.3 Titania-Pillared Clays -- 1.4.4 Chromia and Tin Oxide-Pillared Montmorillonites and Laponites -- 1.4.5 Saponite Pillared with Fe-Organometallic by Microwave and Ultrasound Irradiation -- 1.4.6 Pillared Anionic Clays -- 1.5 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 2 Pillared Interlayered Clays as Adsorbents of Gases and Vapors -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Adsorption of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) -- 2.2.1 As Probe Molecules -- 2.2.2 For Separation/Purification -- 2.3 Adsorption of Water -- 2.4 Adsorption of Natural and Biogas Components -- 2.5 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 3 Characterization and Catalytic Performance of Montmorillonites with Mixed Aluminium/Lanthanide Pillars -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Experimental Section -- 3.2.1 Starting Material -- 3.2.2 Synthesis -- 3.3 Results and Discussion -- 3.3.1 X-ray Diffraction (CuK radiation) -- 3.3.2 MAS NMR Spectra -- 3.3.3 Textural Analysis -- 3.3.4 Acidity of Samples -- 3.3.5 Catalytic Activity -- 3.4 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 4 Synthetic Hectorite: Preparation, Pillaring and Applications in Catalysis -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Properties and Structure of Hectorite -- 4.3 Synthesis of Hectorite-Like Solids -- 4.3.1 A Brief History of Synthetic Hectorite -- 4.3.2 Synthesis Variables and Structure Characteristics -- 4.4 Pillaring and Further Modification -- 4.5 Catalysis -- 4.6 Summary and Prospects -- References -- Chapter 5 Transition Metal Oxide-Pillared Clay Catalyst: Synthesis to Application -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Pillaring Process -- 5.2.1 Polynuclear Metal Oxo -- hydroxo Cations -- 5.2.2 Cationic Metal Complex -- 5.2.3 Metal Cluster Complex -- 5.2.4 Positively Charged Colloidal Particles -- 5.3 Synthesis of Transition Metal Oxide-Pillared Clays -- 5.3.1 Titanium Oxide-Pillared Clays -- 5.3.2 Iron Oxide-Pillared Clays -- 5.3.3 Chromium Oxide-Pillared Clays -- 5.3.4 Manganese Oxide-Pillared Clay -- 5.3.5 Mixed Transition Metal Oxide-Pillared Clay -- 5.4 Acidity of Pillared Clay -- 5.4.1 Acid Activation of Clay Before Pillaring -- 5.4.2 Anion-Supported Pillared Clay -- 5.5 Catalytic Reaction -- 5.5.1 Acidic Reaction -- 5.5.2 Redox Reaction -- 5.5.3 Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) of NO x -- 5.5.4 Photocatalytic Reaction -- 5.6 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 6 Use of Pillared Clay-Based Catalysts for Wastewater Treatment Through Fenton-Like Processes -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.1.1 Water Treatment with Advanced Oxidation Processes -- 6.1.2 The Use of Pillared Clays in Heterogeneous Fenton-Based Processes -- 6.1.3 Pollutants Degraded or Wastewaters Treated with Pillared Clay-Based Catalysts -- 6.2 Fenton and Fenton-Like Process -- 6.2.1 Introduction -- 6.2.2 Effect of the Main Operating Conditions -- 6.2.3 Effect of the Type of Catalyst/Salt Precursor -- 6.2.4 Some Technological Issues -- 6.2.5 Mechanistic Studies -- 6.3 Modeling -- 6.3.1 Ph
Summary Since the first works introducing the aluminum intercalated clay family in the early 1970s, interest in the synthesis of pillared interlayered clays has increased tremendously, especially research into the properties and applications of new synthesis methods. The need for solids that could be used as cracking catalysts with larger pores than zeolitic materials has spurred the synthesis of new porous materials from clays. This book reviews the properties and applications of pillared clays and other layered materials used as catalysts, focusing on: - the acidity of pillared clays and the effect it has on catalytic performance - the use of pillared clays as supports for catalytically active phases, and the use of the resulting solids in environmentally friendly reactions - the comparison between the reactions of pillared clays and anionic clays
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Clay catalysts.
Form Electronic book
Author Gil, Antonio (Chemist)
ISBN 1441966706
9781441966704