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Book Cover
Book
Author Hilgenkamp, Kathryn, 1952- author

Title Environmental health : ecological perspectives / Kathryn Hilgenkamp
Published Sudbury, Mass. : Jones and Bartlett, [2006]
Sudbury, Mass. : Jones and Bartlett, c2006
c2006
©2006

Copies

Location Call no. Vol. Availability
 WATERFT HEALTH  362.19698 Hil/Ehe  AVAILABLE
 MELB  362.19698 Hil/Ehe  AVAILABLE
Description xviii, 381 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
Contents Machine derived contents note: Expanded Table of Contents -- Introduction -- Acknowledgements -- Chapter One Environmental Principles and Ecology -- Objectives -- Introduction -- The Earth -- Lithosphere -- Hydrosphere -- Biosphere -- Biomes -- Ecosystem -- Ecosystem succession -- Ecosystem retrogression -- Evolution -- Ecosystem dominance -- Biosystems -- Atmosphere -- The Cycles of Life -- The Solar Cycle -- The Energy Cycle -- Biogeochemical Cycling -- The Hydrologic Cycle -- Sedimentary Cycle -- Phosphorus Cycle -- Gaseous Cycles -- Oxygen Cycle -- Carbon Cycle -- Nitrogen Cycle -- Sulfur Cycle -- Human Interaction Problems With the Environment -- Overpopulation -- Demand on Natural Resources -- Environmental Degradation -- Species Extinction -- Human Solutions to Environmental Problems -- Public Health and Environmental Health Strategies -- Summary -- Chapter Two Humans and Global Issues -- Objectives -- Introduction -- Global Environmental Concerns -- Uncontrolled population growth -- Land pollution -- Increased energy needs -- Air pollution (delete: concerns) -- Climate changes -- Disease prevention and control -- Disasters and war -- Toxic substances -- Saving the Planet -- Population Control -- Reduction in Water Demands -- Reduction in World Hunger -- Land Preservation -- New Sources of Energy -- Global Collaboration -- Stockholm Conference (1972) -- Montego Bay (1982) -- Montreal Protocol (1987) -- Helsinki Declaration (1989) -- Earth Summit (1992) -- Copenhagen (1996) -- Kyoto Protocol (1997) -- Convention on Biological Diversity (1998) -- World Summit on Sustainable Development (2002) -- Countries Helping Other Countries -- Predicting Global Advancements in Environmental Health Issues -- Chapter Three The Effect of Environmental on Public Health -- Objectives -- Introduction -- Public Health Efforts in Ancient Cities -- The Atomic Theory of Disease -- The Roman Empire - Hygiene and Sanitation (753 B.C. to 509 B.C.) -- The Middle Ages - Sin Theory of Disease (400 B.C. 1400 A.D.) -- The Renaissance Period - The Recovery (1400-1700 A.D.) -- Age of Enlightenment - The Filth Theory of Disease (1700-1800) -- Industrial Revolution - The Great Sanitary Awakening (1800-1880) -- Health Resources Expansion (1910-1945) -- The Age of Social Engineering (1945-1975) -- Health Promotion Period (1974 to present) -- Environmental Health: An Important Component of Public Health Efforts -- Future Public and Environmental Health Concerns -- Chapter Four Epidemiology and Environmental Diseases -- Objectives -- Introduction -- The Relationship of Environmental Health and Disease Prevention -- Emerging Diseases -- The Threat of Biological Warfare -- Environmental Disease Agents -- Explaining Immunity -- Evolution of Immunity -- Individuals Susceptible to Disease -- Disease Control Efforts -- Biological Agents -- Allergens -- Pathogens -- Transmission of Diseases -- Air-borne Illnesses -- Water-borne Illnesses -- Zoonoses -- Vector-transmitted illnesses -- Soil -- Nosocomial infections -- Fomites -- Pathogens -- Bacterial infections -- Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) -- Botulism (Clostridium botulism) -- Brucellosis (Brucella) -- Campylobacteriosis (Campylobacter jejuni) -- Tetanus (Clostridium tetani) This should be in alphabetical order -- Cholera (Vibrio cholerae) -- E. coli (Esherichia coli) -- Lyme disease (Borrelia burgdorferi) -- Meningitis -- Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Ricettsia rickettsii) -- Shigellosis (Shigella) -- Staph (Staphococcus areus) -- Typhoid fever (Salmonella typhi) -- Tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) -- Tularemia (Francisella tularemsis) -- Viral infections -- Dengue fever -- Ebola virus -- Encephalitis -- Hanta pulmonary syndrome virus -- Hepatitis -- Human immunodeficiency virus -- Influenza -- Norwalk viruses -- Rabies -- Severe acute respiratory syndrome -- West Nile virus -- Prion infections -- Fungal Infections -- Histoplasmosis (Histoplasma capsulatum) -- Protozoan Infections -- Cryptosporidium parvumis -- Giardiasis -- Malaria -- National and Local Precautions -- Medical Precautions -- Summary -- Chapter Five Environmental Toxins and Toxicology -- Objectives -- Introduction -- Toxicology -- Definitions of Toxic Substances -- Environmental Toxins -- Natural Elements -- Arsenic -- Cadmium -- Chromium -- Copper -- Lead -- Manganese -- Mercury -- Nickel -- Radon -- Silver -- Manufactured (Chemical) Substances -- Acetone -- Benzene -- Carbon disulfide -- Chrlorinated hydrocarbons -- Cyanide -- Dieldrin -- Dichloro-diphenyl-tricholorethane (DDT) -- Dioxins -- Formaldehyde -- Nitrites -- Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) -- Methylene chloride -- Penachlorophenol -- Polybrominated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers -- Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) -- Phthalates -- Sodium hypochlorite -- Syrene -- Vinyl acetate -- Vinyl chloride -- The Role of Environmental Scientists -- Toxicological Research -- Scope of Environmental Toxin Problems -- Environmental Concerns in the United States -- Summary -- Chapter Six Environmental Health Risk Assessment and Intervention -- Objectives -- Introduction -- The Determination of Risk -- Risk Assessment -- Risk Assessment Models -- Risk Assessment Methods -- Historical Data -- Knowledge of Comparative Risks -- Longitudinal Studies -- Laboratory Studies -- Calculating or Estimating Risk -- Hazard Identification -- Exposure -- Dose-Response -- Biological Effect -- Determination of Risk -- Risk Management -- Setting Standards -- Setting Guidelines -- Developing Policies -- Control Strategies -- Communication of Risk -- Risk Monitoring -- Protecting the Public -- Environmental Impact Studies -- Summary -- Chapter Seven Pests and Pesticides -- Objectives -- Introduction -- Insects -- Flies -- Mosquitoes -- Cockroaches -- Fleas -- Lice -- Bedbugs -- Kissing bugs -- Arachnids -- Spiders -- Ticks -- Mites -- Other Pests -- Ants -- Bees and Wasps -- Termites -- Wildlife -- Rodents -- Snakes -- Scorpions -- Pest Control and Elimination Methods -- Rodenticides -- Insecticides -- Organochlorines -- Organophosphates -- Carbamates -- Synthetic pyrethoids -- Resistance to Pesticides -- Botanical and Biological Insecticides and Alternatives -- Fungicides -- Plants and Herbicides -- Alternatives to Herbicides -- Human Risk of Pesticides, Fungicides, and Herbicides -- Regulation of Pesticides, Fungicides, and Herbicides -- Summary -- Chapter Eight Air -- Objectives -- Introduction -- Atmospheric Air -- Nitrogen -- Oxygen -- Carbon -- Inert Gases -- The Ozone Layer -- Air Pollution -- Sources of Air Pollution -- Taking Action Against Air Pollution -- Greenhouse Gases -- Carbon Dioxide -- Methane -- Nitrous Dioxide -- Halocarbons -- Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) -- Arsenic -- Benzene -- Beryllium -- Acid Rain -- National Air Pollution Concerns -- Efforts for Cleaner Air -- Montreal Protocol (1987) -- Kyoto Protocol (1997) -- Control of Automobile Emissions -- Voluntary Actions by Industries -- Open Burning Laws -- Chapter Nine Water -- Objectives -- Introduction -- Water: A Natural Habitat -- Water: A Natural Resource -- Types of Water -- Surface Water -- Ocean waters -- Estuaries -- Rivers, Streams, Lakes, and Ponds -- Wetlands -- Groundwater -- Water Tables -- Watersheds -- Freshwater Uses -- Agricultural Uses -- Industrial Uses -- Household Use -- Aquaculture -- Hydroelectric Generation -- Global Warming Issues -- Water Pollution Issues -- Surface Water Pollution -- Ocean Pollution -- Freshwater Pollution -- Flooding -- Irrigation, Pesticides, Fertilizers, and Animal Waste -- Urban Run-off and Deposits from the Atmosphere -- Ground Water Pollution -- Point Source vs. Non-Source Point Pollution -- Point Source Pollution -- Non-Source Point Pollution -- Water Pollution Measures -- Recreational Waters -- Drinking Water -- Bacteria -- Chemicals -- Nitrates -- Metals -- Radioactive Particles -- Pharmaceuticals -- Drinking Water Systems -- Rural Drinking Water Systems -- Municipal Water Supply Systems -- Mineral Content of Drinking Water -- Regulating Drinking Water -- Threats to Drinking Water Safety -- Trihalomethanes -- Antiquated Municipal Water Systems -- Bioterrorism Threats to Water Supplies -- Acceptable Levels of Water Contaminants? -- Future Water Supply Strategies -- Consumer Water Use and Conservation -- Chapter Ten Land -- Objectives -- Introduction -- Preservation of Public Lands -- Mountains -- Forests -- Wetlands -- Effects of Land Uses -- Erosion -- Coastal Erosion -- Overgrazing -- Mining -- Desertification -- Preservation of Wildlife -- Soil Composition -- Farmland and Topsoil Issues -- Changes in Farming Practices -- Land Pollution -- Brownfields -- Human Waste Discharges -- Natural Disasters -- Forest and Wild Fires -- Land Preservation and Public Lands -- Earthquakes -- Chapter Eleven Energy -- Objectives -- Introduction -- Fossil Fuels -- Coal -- Petroleum -- Fuel oils -- Natural gas -- Uranium -- Problems with Petroleum Production -- Problems with Power Plants -- Nuclear Power -- Renewable Energy Sources -- Wood -- Hydropower -- Waste Incineration -- Geothermal Energy -- Alcohol Fuels -- Solar Power -- Wind Power -- New Fuel Sources -- Bioenergy -- Landfill Gas Recovery -- Fuels for Automobiles -- What is Gasoline? -- The Importance of Fuel Efficient Machines -- Other Strategies to Reduce the Demand for Gasoline -- Alternative Fuel Vehicles -- Electric Cars -- Hybrid Cars -- Alternative Fuels -- Methanol -- Ethanol -- Natural gas -- Hydrogen -- S
Notes Formerly CIP. Uk
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Subject Environmental health.
Human ecology -- Health aspects.
Ecology.
LC no. 2004022761
ISBN 0763723770
9780763723774