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Author Iorliam, Aamo

Title Fundamental computing forensics for Africa : a case study of the science in Nigeria / Aamo Iorliam
Published Cham : Springer, 2018
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Description 1 online resource
Series SpringerBriefs in computer science, 2191-5768
SpringerBriefs in computer science.
Contents Intro; Foreword; Preface; References; Acknowledgements; Contents; Acronyms; 1 Introduction; 1.1 Main Contributions; 1.2 Document Structure; 2 History of Forensic Science; 2.1 History of Forensic Science; 2.1.1 250 BC: Lie Detector Test; 2.1.2 400s: Determination of Death Causes; 2.1.3 600s: Identity Determination Using Fingerprints; 2.1.4 1248: First Forensic Medicine Textbook; 2.1.5 1348-1350: Black Plague and Autopsies of Victims; 2.1.6 1447: Missing Teeth Used as Identify; 2.1.7 1600: Pathology Reported; 2.1.8 1784: John Toms Convicted Using Physical Evidence
2.1.21 1903: Fingerprint Prisoner ID Used in New York2.1.22 1909: Switzerland Establised the First Forensic Science School; 2.1.23 1910: Hair Usage for Forensics; 2.1.24 1910: Police Crime Forensic Laboratory Developed in France; 2.1.25 1912: Guns Identified to be Unique; 2.1.26 1923: Los Angeles Built a Crime Laboratory; 2.1.27 1930: Police Station Usage of Lie Detector; 2.1.28 1932: Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Built a Crime Laboratory; 2.1.29 1937: Luminol Developed by Walter Specht; 2.1.30 1877-1966: Locard's Exchange Principle; 2.1.31 1950: Tape Lift Method Developed
2.1.32 1960: Recorded Voice Used as Evidence in the Court of Law2.1.33 1967: FBI Established National Crime System; 2.1.34 1974: Gunshot Residue Detection; 2.1.35 1975 and 1979: FBI Installed Fingerprint Reader and AFIS Used by Royal Canadian Mounted Police; 2.1.36 1983-1986: Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Fingerprinting and Profiling; 2.1.37 1986: DNA Testing in US; 2.1.38 1987: DNA Profiling Introduced in US; 2.1.39 1996: DNA Certified to be a Reliable Evidence; 2.1.40 1999: FBI Established Faster Fingerprint IDs; 2.1.41 2001: DNA IDs Improved to be Faster
2.1.42 2007: Police Footwear Detection System Developed in Britain2.1.43 2008: Fingerprint Detection After Cleaning of a Particular Surface; 2.1.44 2011: Human-Drawn Sketches and Mugshots; 2.1.45 2011:X-ray Matching System; 2.1.46 2013: Establishment of International Workshop on Biometrics and Forensics (IWBF); 2.1.47 2016: Amelographics for Person Identification Proposed; 2.1.48 2016: Application of Power Laws to Biometrics, Forensics and Network Traffic Analysis; 2.1.49 2017: Identification of Individuals by Trait Prediction; 2.1.50 2017: Technology Improvement for Forensic Purposes
2.1.9 1806 and 1814: Poisoned Deaths Investigation2.1.10 1816: Clothes and Shoes Used as Physical Evidence; 2.1.11 1836: Cause of Death Determined by Chemical Testing; 2.1.12 1843: Forensic Psychiatry Established; 2.1.13 1854-1859: Criminal Identification Based on Photos; 2.1.14 1868-1950: Chemical Microscopy; 2.1.15 1880: Uniqueness of Fingerprints Discovered; 2.1.16 1887: Coroner's Act in the USA; 2.1.17 1888: Anthropometry Developed; 2.1.18 1892: Forensic Dactyloscopy; 2.1.19 1901: Human Blood Grouping; 2.1.20 1901: Fingerprinting Method Used in Scotland
Summary This book presents a general introduction to the computational aspects of forensic science, covering the different tools needed for forensic investigations, the importance of forensics and biometrics, and the use of Benford's law for biometrics and network traffic analysis. It specifically focuses on the application of these techniques in Africa, and how they can be of benefit in the investigation of crime in Nigeria in particular
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Computer crimes -- Investigation -- Nigeria.
Digital forensic science -- Nigeria.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 3319944991 (electronic bk.)
9783319944999 (electronic bk.)