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Title HIV/AIDS in rural communities : research, education, and advocacy / Fayth M. Parks, Gregory S. Felzien, Sally Jue, editors
Published Cham : Springer, [2017]
©2017
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Description 1 online resource : illustrations
Contents Foreword; Preface; References; Contents; Editors and Contributors; HIV and Rural Communities; 1 Case Study: Georgia's Rural Versus Non-rural Populations; Background; The HIV Care Continuum; HIV Care Continuum by Eligible Metropolitan Area (EMA) Versus Non-EMA; Rural-Urban Continuum Codes (RUCC) Analysis; Limitations; HIV Outcomes in Rural Georgia; Racial Disparity; Stigma; Internalized Homonegativity; Denial and Social Isolation; Injection Drug Use; HIV Workforce; Solutions; Extending the Reach of HIV Professionals; Targeted Partner Services; Social Media; Faith-Based Institution Outreach
7 Catastrophic Consequences: The Link Between Rural Opioid Use and HIV/AIDSIntroduction; Prevalence of Rural Opioid Abuse and HIV; Prevalence of Rural Opioid Use and User Characteristics; Prevalence of HIV Among Rural Opioid Users; High-Risk Injection Drug Use Practices; Risk of HIV Transmission from Sexual Behaviors; Social Networks as a Risk Factor for Virus Transmission; Lower Perceived Risk Among Rural Persons; HIV and Opioid Treatment; Availability of Opioid Treatment; Quality of HIV Care for Rural Persons Who Inject Drugs; Barriers to Treatment; Travel and Distance Barriers
ConclusionReferences; 2 More than Our Share: The Unchecked HIV/AIDS Crisis in Mississippi; Introduction; Barriers to Curbing HIV in Mississippi; Mississippi's Unique Challenges; Advocates and Champions; Outlook; Conclusion; References; HIV Disease and Primary Care; 3 HIV/AIDS: The Last 30-Plus Years; Origin and Early History of HIV/AIDS; Stigma and Discrimination; Policy and Advocacy Responses to HIV/AIDS; Populations Affected by HIV/AIDS in the Past 30 Years; Evolution of HIV Testing and Treatment; Research-Based Solutions to Address the HIV Epidemic; Lessons Learned and Future Directions
ConclusionReferences; 4 HIV Medications: Why They Work and Why They Fail; References; 5 HIV Prevention: Treatment as Prevention (TasP), Occupational Postexposure Prophylaxis (oPEP), Nonoccupational Postexposure Prophylaxis (nPEP), and Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP); Introduction: A Brief History of HIV Prevention in the U.S.; The Current State of Affairs: An Epidemiological Profile of HIV in the U.S; HIV Prevention in Rural Communities; Treatment as Prevention (TasP); Occupational Postexposure Prophylaxis (oPEP); Nonoccupational Postexposure Prophylaxis (nPEP)
Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP)Conclusion: Future Direction for HIV Research, Interventions, and Policy; References; 6 Pediatric/Adolescent HIV: Legal and Ethical Issues; Introduction; Legal Considerations for Pediatric/Adolescent HIV Treatment and Research; Federal Laws; State Laws; Ethical Considerations for Pediatric/Adolescent HIV Treatment and Research; Confidentiality; Disclosure; Informed Consent; Cultural Competence; Legal and Ethical Decision-Making Related to Pediatric/Adolescent HIV Treatment and Research; Conclusion; Acknowledgements; References
Summary This wide-ranging volume reviews the experience and treatment of HIV/AIDS in rural America at the clinical, care system, community, and individual levels. Rural HIV-related phenomena are explored within healthcare contexts (physician shortages, treatment disparities) and the social environment (stigma, the opioid epidemic), and contrasted with urban frames of reference. Contributors present latest findings on HIV medications, best practices, and innovative opportunities for improving care and care settings, plus invaluable first-person perspective on the intersectionality of patient subpopulations. These chapters offer both seasoned and training practitioners a thorough grounding in the unique challenges of providing appropriate and effective services in the region. Featured topics include: Case study: Georgia's rural vs. non-rural populations HIV medications: how they work and why they fail Pediatric/adolescent HIV: legal and ethical issues Our experience: HIV-positive African-American women in the Deep South Learning to age successfully with HIV Bringing important detail to an often-marginalized population, HIV/AIDS in Rural Communities will interest and inspire healthcare practitioners including physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, pharmacists, case managers, psychologists, social workers, counselors, and family therapists, as well as educators, students, persons living with HIV, advocates, community leaders, and policymakers
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record
Subject HIV infections -- United States.
Medicine, Rural -- United States.
Rural health -- United States.
HIV Infections.
Rural Health.
Form Electronic book
Author Felzien, Gregory S. (Medical advisor)
Jue, Sally.
Parks, Fayth M.
ISBN 3319562398 (electronic bk.)
9783319562391 (electronic bk.)