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E-book
Author Hodder-Williams, Richard.

Title Land-locked States of Africa and Asia
Published Hoboken : Taylor and Francis, 2013
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (461 pages)
Series Routledge Studies in Geopolitics
Routledge Studies in Geopolitics
Contents Cover; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright Page; Dedication; Table of Contents; Introduction; Notes; The Experience of Land-lockedness in Africa; Notes; Chad: Power Vacuum or Geopolitical Focus; The Pre-colonial Reality; The Colonial Period and Chad's Boundaries; The Colonial Period and Internal Change; Independence; The Reasons; Notes; Land-locked Niger and its Alternative Seaport Access; Brief Historical Background; The Pre-colonial Period; The Colonial Period; Independence; The Geographical Handicaps; The Area of the Territory; The Location of the Territory
Land-lockedness and Dependency on Coastal Countries: The Case of EthiopiaA Brief Historical, Geographical, Political and Economic Appraisal; A Brief History; Geographical Location; Political; Economic Appraisals; Ethiopia's Dependence on the Ports of Coastal States; The Assab Outlet; The Djibouti Outlet; Conclusions and Recommendations; Notes; African Land and Access Corridors; Conclusion; Notes; Afghanistan: the Geopolitics of a Buffer State; Geography; Land-lockedness; The Factor of History:; Afghanistan as a Buffer State
The Geographic Distribution of the PopulationThe Economy of Niger; The Alternative Sea Port Accesses; The Benin-Niger Corridor; The Togo-Niger Corridor; The Nigerian Corridor; The Distances from the Alternative Ports to Niger; Transport Costs from the Alternative Ports to Niger; The 'Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats' (SWOT) of each Alternative Transit Route to Niger; The Strengths; The Weaknesses; The Opportunities; The Threats; Some Suggestions; The Development of Alternative Routes to the Sea; Conclusion and Recommendations; Notes
The Linkage Between Land-lockedness and the Role of Afghanistan as a Buffer-stateConclusions; Notes; Land-locked Central Asia: Implications for the Future; Pre-Tsarist Trade; Russian Expansion; Extension of the Russian Railway System; Economic Integration with Russia; Development of Alternative Transport Routes; Central Asia Under the Soviets; Distortion of the Central Asian Economies; Sovereignty or Continued Dependence?; General Structure of the Oil Sector; Current Export System; Pipeline Options; Regional Co-operation in Transport and Trade; The Economic Co-operation Organisation
Transportation Options: The Iranian RouteThe Pakistani Route; The Chinese Route; Conclusion; Appendix I.; Appendix II.; Notes; Mongolia: Looking to the Sea; Mongolia's Cultural and Political Boundaries; Kyakhta and Sino-Russian Trade; The North-western Border and Separation of Tuva; Communications Developments in the Soviet Period; The Southern Border and Relations with China; Firm Borders for a Sea-going 'tiger'; Sources; Land-locked Laos: Dilemmas of Development at the Edge of the World; Laos: the Geographical, Human and Historical Contexts; Poor and Weak: Managing Land-locked Laos
Summary Since 1991 more than a dozen new land-locked states have emerged to be confronted with the geostrategic problems of access and communications. Contributors present the implications of land-lockedness and the historical development of trade routes
Notes The Environment of Transport and Communications in Laos
Print version record
Form Electronic book
Author Lloyd, Sarah J.
McLachlan, K. S. (Keith Stanley)
ISBN 1135254109
9781135254100