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Author Melosi, Martin V

Title Atomic Age America
Published Old Tappan : Routledge, 2016
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Description 1 online resource (381 pages)
Contents Cover -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Dedication -- Table of Contents -- Preface -- About the Author -- Introduction: A Most Controversial Technology -- Endnotes -- Chapter 1 A Community of Scientists: Atomic Theory over the Centuries -- Introduction: Atomic Theory to Atomic Bombs -- A Community of Thinkers, A World of Ideas -- Atomism in the Ancient World -- Anti-atomism in the Middle Ages and the Coming Scientific Revolution -- The Newtonian World -- The Nineteenth Century: A Transition Era -- Merging Physics and Chemistry to Understand the Atom -- The Mechanical Worldview Under Siege -- The Electron, X-rays, and Modern Physics -- A Planetary Model of the Atom -- The Quantum and the Einsteinian World -- The Bohr-Sommerfeld Atomic Model -- Uncertainty -- Conclusion: Toward Harnessing Atomic Energy -- Endnotes -- Chapter 2 Government Mobilizes the Atom: War, Big Science, and the Manhattan Project -- Introduction: Science and the State -- Science and Government Through World War I -- Russia, World War I, and Big Science -- The 1930s: The Great Terror, Nazism, Anti-Semitism, and Science -- Fission: The Turning Point -- Reluctant Steps Toward Bomb Research -- The German Bomb Program -- Great Britain and the MAUD Report -- In Search of Fissionable Material -- The Army and General Groves -- Oppenheimer and Los Alamos -- Conclusion: From Fission to Bomb -- Endnotes -- Chapter 3 Hiroshima, Nagasaki, and the Aftermath: From Total War to Cold War -- Introduction: From the Lab to the Field -- Trinity: The Genie out of the Bottle -- Potsdam and the Pacific War -- Total War: Context for the Use of the Bomb -- Targeting Japan -- Hiroshima and Nagasaki -- The Bomb in Our Lives: Postwar Reactions -- Establishing Institutional Control: Origins of the AEC and JCAE -- The Dance: Talk of Internationalizing the Bomb -- The Soviet Bomb: The End of Pretense
An American Camelot -- Castro's Revolution in Cuba -- The Bay of Pigs -- Berlin-Again -- The October Crisis -- Going Underground: The Bomb Shelter Craze in the 1960s -- Aftermath: The Limited Test Ban Treaty -- Did We Learn to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb? -- Can We Disarm? The Strategic Arms Limitations Talks -- Conclusion: Diverging Paths of Nuclear Weapons and Civilian Power -- Endnotes -- Chapter 8 Nuclear Power versus The Environment: The Bandwagon Market and the Energy Crisis -- Introduction -- The Great Bandwagon Market" -- The AEC in Transition -- Safety First or Safety Second? -- Environmental Challenge: Local Protest and the National Movement -- Environmental Leverage: Calvert Cliffs -- The Energy Crisis: An Opportunity for Nuclear Power? -- Fall from Grace: Nuclear Power Slumps in the Late 1970s -- The Rasmussen Report: A Question of Credibility -- The AEC Becomes Extinct -- Confidence Undermined: Nuclear Accidents from Brown Ferry to Seabrook -- Three Mile Island -- Nuclear Power Abroad -- The Worldwide Anti-nuclear Movement -- Conclusion: What Did It All Mean for Commercial Power? -- Endnotes -- Chapter 9 The Post-TMI World, Chernobyl, and the Future of Nuclear Power -- Introduction -- Cleaning Up After TMI -- Nuclear Power Politics in the 1980s -- The Post-TMI Regulatory Environment -- Chernobyl -- A Second Nuclear Power Era? -- The Institute of Nuclear Power Operations -- Nuclear Power Worldwide After 1979 -- Anti-nuclear Fallout After Chernobyl -- The End of the Fuel Cycle: Radioactive Waste -- The "Front-End" of the Fuel Cycle: Uranium Mining -- Conclusion -- Endnotes -- Chapter 10 Pax Atomica-or Pox Atomica-at the End of the Cold War -- Introduction -- Turning Back the Clock -- Cold War Without End: The Reagan Military Buildup -- 1983: That Dangerous Year -- The Arms Race Reoriented -- The End of the Cold War
Conclusion: From Total War to Deterrence -- Endnotes -- Chapter 4 The Cold War and Atomic Diplomacy: Deterrence, Espionage, and the Superbomb -- Introduction: Hope, Promise, and Risk -- The Bomb and a "Get Tough" Policy in the Cold War -- Implementing Containment -- New Government Apparatus and Changing Military Strategy -- Containment Evolves -- A Weapon of Genocide" -- Anti-communism, Espionage, and the Fear of Internal Subversion -- Anti-communism and Atomic Espionage -- The Oppenheimer Case -- Science on the Defensive -- Korea and America's Nuclear Strategy -- Cultural Artifacts in the Early Atomic Age -- Conclusion: The Bomb as Cold War Emblem -- Endnotes -- Chapter 5 Invincible to Vulnerable in the Age of Anxiety: Massive Retaliation, Fallout, and the Sputnik Crisis -- Introduction -- I Like Ike" -- Formulating the New Look -- The New Look in Action -- Duck and Cover": Civil Defense in the 1950s -- To Test or Not to Test -- The Fallout Controversy -- Ban Testing, Ban the Bomb -- The Politics of Disarmament -- Beep-Beep-Beep -- Conclusion: This Isn't the Nostalgia Decade -- Endnotes -- Chapter 6 Too Cheap to Meter, Too Tempting to Ignore: Peaceful Uses of the Atom -- Introduction: Peaceful Atoms in Our Time -- Reimagining Atomic Power -- First Tentative Steps Toward Commercial Nuclear Power -- Admiral Rickover to the Rescue -- Atoms for War/Atoms for Peace -- Serious Commitment to Nuclear Power: The Atomic Energy Act of 1954 -- Promotion, Indemnification, and Safety-In That Order -- Atoms for Peace and the World -- Western Europe and Scandinavia -- Eastern Europe -- Beyond Europe -- Atomic Hubris: Project Plowshare -- Nuclear Medicine: The Best of the Peaceful Atom -- Conclusion -- Endnotes -- Chapter 7 To the Brink in Berlin and Cuba: The Military-Industrial Complex and the Arms Race -- Introduction -- The Military-Industrial Complex
The Resurgence of the Nuclear Disarmament Movement -- The Post-Cold War: A New Day? -- To Proliferate or Not to Proliferate -- Ominous Signs into the Twenty-First Century -- Conclusion: The First Nuclear Century Ends -- Endnotes -- Chapter 11 Proliferation, Terrorism, and Climate Change: The Atom in the Twenty-First Century -- Introduction: A New Millennium -- The Bush Administration and Nuclear Policy -- 9/11, Terrorism, and WMD -- Iraq and the Bush Doctrine -- Proliferation into the Twenty-First Century -- Obama and the Post Post-Cold War Nuclear Policy -- Rising Optimism over Nuclear Power -- Nuclear Power on the Global Scene: Lack of Clarity -- Nuclear Power and the Climate Change Debate -- Fukushima: The End or the Beginning of the End? -- Conclusion -- Endnotes -- Conclusion: From Hiroshima to Fukushima -- Endnotes -- Index
Notes Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Subject Nuclear weapons--United States--History.
HISTORY / Military / United States.
HISTORY / United States / 20th Century.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 131550975X