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Title Rare Earth Elements in Human and Environmental Health : At the Crossroads Between Toxicity and Safety / edited by Giovanni Pagano
Published Singapore : CRC Press LLC : Pan Stanford, 2017
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Description 1 online resource (xii, 280 pages)
Contents Cover; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright Page; Contents; Preface; Introduction to Rare Earth Elements: Novel Health Hazards or Safe Technological Devices?; 1. Trends in Occupational Toxicology of Rare Earth Elements; 1.1 Industrial Use of REEs; 1.2 Evaluation of Workers' Health for REE-Related Hazards; 1.3 Recent Trends in Occupational Toxicology of REEs; 1.4 Additional Efforts to Promote REE Occupational Health; 1.5 Conclusions and Prospects; 2. Rare Earth Elements, Oxidative Stress, and Disease; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Redox Chemistry of REEs; 2.2.1 Case of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles
2.3 Oxidative Stress and Diseases: Roles of REEs2.3.1 REE Adverse Effects; 2.3.2 REE Favorable Effects; 2.4 Conclusion; 3. Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles-Associated Oxidant and Antioxidant Effects and Mechanisms; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Physicochemical Properties and Catalytic Activities of Nanoceria Are Dictated by Their Synthesis Methods; 3.2.1 Additional Catalytic Activity and Effects of Buffers on CeNPs' Activities; 3.2.2 Synthesis Method and Characterization of CeNPs that Showed Beneficial Effects in Blinding Retinal Disease Models
3.3 Biological Effects of Nanoceria: Antioxidative, Oxidative, and Modulation of Oxygen Level3.3.1 In Cell Culture Systems; 3.3.1.1 Study 1: Antioxidative Effect; 3.3.1.2 Study 2: Oxidative Effect; 3.3.1.3 Study 3: Neutral or Oxidative Effect Depending on Cell Types Used; 3.3.1.4 Study 4: Antioxidative Effect; 3.3.1.5 Limitations of Current Methodologies; 3.3.1.6 Study 5: Modulation of Oxygen Level; 3.3.2 In Animal Models; 3.3.2.1 Studies 1 and 2: Antioxidative Effect; 3.3.2.2 Study 3: Antioxidative Effect; 3.3.2.3 Studies 4-6: Antioxidative Effect and Nontoxic Effect in Normal Retinas
3.3.2.4 Study 7: Oxidative Effect in Cancer Cells and Nontoxic to Normal Cells3.4 Catalytic Activity of Nanoceria in Biological Tissues; 3.5 Molecular Mechanisms of Nanoceria in Biological Systems; 3.6 Conclusion; 3.7 Acknowledgments; 4. Rare Earth Elements and Plants; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 REEs in Mosses and Lichens; 4.3 REEs and Ferns; 4.4 REEs in Seed Plants; 4.4.1 REEs and Seeds; 4.4.2 REEs and Seedling Growth; 4.4.3 REEs and Wild Plants; 4.4.4 REEs and Crops; 4.4.5 REEs and Aquatic Plants; 4.5 Mechanisms of REE Effects; 4.6 Critical Remarks and Research Perspectives
5. Rare Earth Elements and Microorganisms5.1 Introduction; 5.2 REEs and Microorganisms; 5.3 Conclusion; 6. Rare Earth Element Toxicity to Marine and Freshwater Algae; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 REE-Associated Toxicity Database in Algae; 6.3 REE Uptake and Bioaccumulation in Algae; 6.4 Critical Remarks and Research Prospects; 7. Exposure to Rare Earth Elements in Animals: A Systematic Review of Biological Effects in Mammals, Fish, and Invertebrates; 7.1 Rare Earth Elements: An Overview; 7.2 Methods; 7.2.1 Study Selection; 7.2.2 Evaluation and Inclusion Criteria; 7.2.3 Data Extraction
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Vendor-supplied metadata
Subject Rare earth metals -- Health aspects
Rare earth metals -- Toxicology
Metals, Rare Earth -- toxicity.
Rare earth metals -- Toxicology.
SCIENCE -- Chemistry -- Inorganic.
Form Electronic book
Author Pagano, Giovanni (Biochemist), editor.
ISBN 1315364735
9781315364735
9789814745017
9814745014