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Title Alcohol and injuries : emergency department studies in an international perspective / editors: Cheryl J. Cherpitel, Guilherme Borges, Norman Giesbrecht, Daniel Hungerford, Margie Peden, Vladimir Poznyak, Robin Room, Tim Stockwell
Published Geneva : World Health Organization, 2009
Geneva : World Health Organization, [2009]


Location Call no. Vol. Availability
Description x, 286 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Contents Overview / Cheryl J. Cherpitel -- Introduction / Guilherme Borges, Margie Peden -- Risk of injury associated with alcohol and alcohol-related injury / Yu Ye, Cheryl J. Cherpitel -- Variation in alcohol-related injury by type and cause of injury / Guilherme Borges [and others] -- Causality and causal attribution of alcohol in injuries / Jason Bond, Scott Macdonald -- Alcohol-attributable injury in a global perspective / Jürgen Rehm, Svetlana Popova, Jayadeep Patra -- Introduction / Robin Room, Cheryl J. Cherpitel -- An overview of epidemiological emergency room studies of injury and alcohol / Judith Roizen -- Aggregate versus individual data as bases for modeling the impact of alcohol on injury / Jürgen Rehm, Robin Room -- Methods of epidemiological studies in the emergency department / Cheryl J. Cherpitel -- Conceptual issues in emergency room studies and paths forward / Gerhard Gmel, Jean-Bernard Daeppen -- Introduction / Tim Stockwell -- The relation between blood alcohol content and clinically assessed intoxication: lessons from applying the ICD-10 Y90 and Y91 codes in the emergency room / Robin Room -- Surveillance and monitoring of acute alcohol-related problems in the emergency room / Tim Stockwell, Scott Macdonald, Jodi Sturge -- Introduction / Daniel Hungerford -- Evidence-based emergency departement [sic] screening and brief intervention for alcohol problems / Gail D'Onofrio, Linda C. Degutis -- Implementing brief interventions: a series of five papers -- Evolution of an emergency department-based collaborative intervention for excessive and dependent drinking: from one institution to nationwide dissemination, 1991-2006 / Edward Bernstein, Judith Bernstein -- Implementing brief alcohol intervention in the emergency department / Kerry B. Broderick -- Changes in clinical practice regarding alcohol and motor vehicle crashes / Robert H. Woolard [and others] -- Pragmatic implementation of brief interventions: an alcohol nurse specialist for every acute hospital / Robin Touquet, Adrian Brown -- Alcohol interventions in trauma centers and emergency departments: same place, different services / Larry M. Gentilello, Carol R. Schermer, Daniel Hungerford -- Potential impact of screening and brief intervention programs in emergency care settings / Daniel Hungerford -- Introduction / Norman Giesbrecht -- Practical experiences in five diverse cultural circumstances -- Application and implications of findings from emergency department studies in Mexico / Guilherme Borges -- Practical experiences and lessons with emergency room studies in Argentina / Mariana Cremonte -- Prospects for emergency room studies and their impact on alcohol policy in the Polish context / Grażyna Światkiewicz -- Alcohol in Czech society and lessons from the Prague emergency department study / Hana Sovinova, Ladislav Csémy -- Alcohol and injuries: India / Vivek Benegal -- Community context and emergency room research: two solitudes or opportunities for collaboration? / Norman Giesbrecht, Jacek Moskalewicz -- Community prevention of alcohol-involved injuries: the role of emergency room studies / Harold D. Holder -- Alcohol policy and public health implications in the U.S. context / Thomas K. Greenfield, Cheryl J. Cherpitel -- Implications of emergency department studies for alcohol policy in a European context / Ann Hope -- Alcohol policy and health implications in a global perspective / Norman Giesbrecht [and others]
Summary The harmful use of alcohol is one of the main risk factors to health. It is responsible each year for about 2.3 million premature deaths worldwide. Injuries -- both unintentional and intentional -- account for more than a third of the burden of disease attributable to alcohol consumption. These include injuries from road traffic crashes, burns, poisoning, falls and drowning as well as violence against oneself or others. The impact of alcohol-related injuries affects not only those who are intoxicated at the time of injury occurrence, but also those who fall victim to their behavior. These include the pedestrian or cyclist knocked over by a drunk driver or the woman or children beaten by a drunk husband or father. Alcohol-attributable injuries and violence are of growing concern to the World Health Organization. Alcohol-related injuries are especially evident in hospital emergency rooms and trauma centers. The clinical encounters in these settings present a one-time chance for health professionals to get access to a population often difficult to reach. Reduction of the burden of such injuries can be achieved by implementing evidence-based public health strategies, policy measures and effective interventions on a broad scale. This publication draws together the current state of knowledge on research, practice and policy issues on the association of alcohol with injuries. It synthesizes the results of studies from a number of hospital emergency departments conducted in different cultural settings, including the World Health Organization's Collaborative Study on Alcohol and Injuries. The book provides an introduction to the epidemiology of alcohol-related injuries and refers to methodological issues of studies conducted in emergency departments. It also addresses public policy implications and equips the reader with practical information on interventions that can be implemented in emergency departments such as screening and brief interventions for hazardous and harmful drinking. Alcohol and Injuries: Emergency Department Studies in an International Perspective will be a useful and important source for researchers, service providers and policy makers on international and national levels as well as for all those who are concerned with alcohol-related injuries and violence and the reduction of public health problems caused by the harmful use of alcohol
Notes "NLM classification: WM 274"
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Notes Text in English
Subject Alcoholism.
Drinking of alcoholic beverages.
Emergency medical services.
Wounds and injuries.
Alcohol Drinking -- adverse effects.
Alcoholic Intoxication -- diagnosis.
Emergency Service, Hospital.
Multicenter Studies as Topic.
Wounds and Injuries -- etiology.
Author Borges, Guilherme, editor
Cherpitel, Cheryl J., editor
Giesbrecht, Norman, editor
Hungerford, Daniel, editor
Peden, M. M., editor
Poznyak, Vladimir, editor
Room, Robin, editor
Stockwell, Tim, editor
World Health Organization.
LC no. 2010459383
ISBN 9241547847