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Title The harmonisation of European private law / edited by Mark Van Hoecke and Fran├žois Ost
Published Oxford ; Portland, Or. : Hart, 2000
Table of Contents
 List of Contributorsxiii
1.The Harmonisation of Private Law in Europe: Some Misunderstandings / Mark van Hoecke1
 1.Introduction1
 2.Law and its underlying legal culture3
  2.1.The impossible internal point of view5
   2.1.1.Cultures are changing5
   2.1.2.The integration of cultures8
  2.2.A different concept of law: no "rules", no "rights" in the common law10
   2.2.1."Rules" or "regularities"?10
   2.2.2.Rights or actions?10
  2.3.A different "time conception" as regards the sources of law11
  2.4.A different methodology12
   2.4.1.Inductive reasoning from facts vs. deductive reasoning from rules12
   2.4.2.(Lack of) systematisation15
 3.Conclusion19
2.Mistaken Identities: The Integrative Force of Private Law / Burkhard Schafer, Zenon Bankowski21
 1.Introduction: Ceci n'est pas un article21
 2.Comparative law going mental22
 3.Playing games26
 4.On making cont(r)acts29
 5.Mistaken identities31
 6.Playing games and private law theory32
  6.1.Playing computer games33
  6.2.Playing the patriot game35
  6.3.Playing power games41
 7.Conclusion44
3.English Private Law in the Context of the Codes / Geoffrey Samuel47
 1.Introduction47
 2.The private and public law divide47
 3.The structure of private law49
 4.Demarcation between contract and property law52
 5.Legal reasoning and harmonisation: from an axiomatic to a post-axiomatic stage58
4.The Debate on a European Civil Code: For an "OPen Texture" / Anthony Chamboredon63
 1.Introduction63
 2.An indictment against a European civil code66
  2.1.The traps of stereotype and "retrodiction"66
   2.1.1.A stereotype of a Civil Code66
    A.A caricature of a Civil Code67
    B.A "de-dialectised" Civil Code68
   2.1.2.Traps of "retrodiction"68
    A.A hypothetical "retrodiction"68
    B.The taking-up of historical discourse68
  2.2.Codification and jurisprudentialisation, or the oscillation and fragmentation of the sources of law70
   2.2.1.The development of a kind of codification in the common law70
    A.The historical evolution of the sources of law: towards a codification?70
    B.With nuances73
   2.2.2.The "jurisprudentialisation" of the French Civil Code74
    A.The classical model of the French Civil Code: an "official fiction"75
    B.Case Law, an "unofficial" legal source of the French Civil Code77
 3.A plea for the idea of a European contract code with "open texture"81
  3.1.Topicality of a codification82
   3.1.1.Why a codification?82
    A.The perils of a decodification82
    B.The meaning of codification83
   3.1.2.The limits of the current French co-ordination model of "codification"84
    A.Methods of codification84
    B.Limits of the method of reordering existing law85
  3.2.For a European contract Code with "open textured rules"87
   3.2.1.Doctrinal contributions to a Contract Code with "open textured rules"88
    A.A common concept: "open textured European legal rules"89
    B.Two examples: the "Unidroit principles" and the "Lando Commission"91
     B.1.Unidroit91
     B.2.The Lando Commission92
   3.2.2.Case law's contributions to a European Contract Code with "open textured rules"92
    A.A common case law interpretation between form and substance93
    B.The "open texture" conception and the restraints in interpretation94
     B.1.The creation of "open textured rules" by the European judges94
     B.2.Open texture and restraints in interpretation95
 4.Conclusion97
5.European Private Law: A New Software-Package for an Outdated Operating System? / Alain Wijffels101
 1.Introduction101
 2.The concept of European private law102
 3.European ius commune and legal history103
 4.Ius commune: a legal-historical controversy105
  4.1.Systematising the law106
   4.1.1.Mos Italicus107
   4.1.2.Usus Modernus108
   4.1.3.Vernunftrecht and Codification109
  4.2.Ius commune and iura propria111
   4.2.1.Ius Commune and municipal law until the sixteenth century113
   4.2.2.Usus Modernus and national developments113
 5.Conclusion114
6.Studying Judicial Decisions in the Common Law and the Civil Law: A Good Way of Discovering Some of the Most Interesting Similarities and Differences that exist Between these Legal Families / Basil Markesinis117
 1.Introductory remarks117
 2.Similar litigation found in most countries118
 3.Similarities between the systems119
 4.Differences between the systems121
 5.The influence of legal background on the outcome of these cases122
 6.Inductive and deductive reasoning125
 7.Concepts: verbal devices, which formulate judgments but do not really explain them128
 8.Concluding remarks132
7.Monism and Dualism within the European Jurisdictions / Francois Rigaux135
 1.Introduction135
 2.The Law of nations (ius gentium), earliest formulation of a European law136
 3.Conflict between internal and international law138
 4.Criticism of the monolithic conception of each juridical order146
 5.The two instruments of European integration151
 6.The delimitation of a private European space160
8.The Adjudication of Law and the Doctrine of Private Law / Fritz Jost167
 1.The law, rules and the individual case167
 2.Legal doctrine-dogmatics168
 3.The ingredients170
  3.1.The elements of legal doctrine170
  3.2.A case study171
 4.Producing legal dogmatics172
 5.The status of legal doctrine, genesis and problems of application174
  5.1.Legal Doctrine: not a source of law174
  5.2.Legal doctrine as an intermediate level174
  5.3.Doctrinal rules vs statutory rules174
 6.Legal doctrine in Europe176
 7.Conclusions177
9.Unfair Terms in Consumer Contracts: An Anglo-Italian Comparison / Paolisa Nebbia179
 1.Introduction179
 2.Means of implementation179
 3.Pre-existing legislation180
 4.Judicial developments183
 5.The impact of the directive186
 6.Concluding remarks188
10.Current Problems of Legal Dogmatics in European Regulation: The Principle of Equality and the Policies of Affirmative Action / Jose Garcia Anon189
 1.Introduction: The limits of legal dogmatics189
 2.Some problems of legal dogmatics in the configuration of European law regarding equality: the policies of affirmative action191
 3.The influence of North American antidiscrimination law on European law192
  3.1.Regulation within the European Union192
  3.2.From Kalanke to Marschall193
 4.Problems of affirmative action policies in European law195
  4.1.Lack of precise concepts195
  4.2.The lack of connection between concepts and terminology of doctrine in relation to national or European norms and judicial decisions197
   4.2.1.The problem from the point of view of a European interpretation of law197
   4.2.2.The requirements of "tolerated" discrimination198
    A.Rights and guarantees198
    B."Tolerated discrimination"201
    C.The automatic preference202
    D.The uselessness of the opening clause203
  4.3.Conceptual elaborations with lack of foundation, or with reductive foundations: the problem of concept and conception in European Law204
 5.Conclusions205
11.The Kalanke Case and the Marschall Case in the Court of Justice of the European Communities. The Women's Quota and Alexy's Principles Theory / Maria Elosegui207
 1.Introduction207
 2.The concept of affirmative action210
 3.Alexy's theory of principles. Its application to the problem of quota laws for women. Rules and principles215
 4.Individual rights and collective rights216
 5.Collision between individual rights and collective rights218
 6.Subjective rights as fundamental rights and objective norms218
 7.Conflict between a subjective right and an objective norm221
 8.Conclusion223
12.The Right to Personal Identity in Italian Private Law: Constitutional Interpretation and Judge-Made Rights / Giorgio Pino225
 1)The right to personal identity: a definition225
 2)Personal rights in general227
  2.1.The Personalistic Principle in the Italian Constitution228
  2.2.Personal Rights, or the General Right to Personality?230
 3)A right in the making232
  3.1.The Object of the Right to Personal Identity233
  3.2.Cases and Legislation235
 4)Concluding remarks237
13.The Power of Aspiration: The Impact of European Law on a non-EU Country / Ireneusz C. Kaminski239
 1)Historical background239
 2)Desperately looking for good patterns...241
 3)... and making places for them243
 4)Preparing for membership248
 Index253

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Description xix, 255 pages ; 24 cm
Series European Academy of Legal Theory monograph series
European Academy of Legal Theory series.
Notes Includes index
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes English
Subject Civil law -- Europe.
Civil law -- European Union countries.
Comparative law.
Law -- Europe -- International unification.
Author Hoecke, Mark van.
Ost, Fran├žois, 1952-
LC no. 2001268239
ISBN 1841131377