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Title The Politics of Disability in Interwar and Socialist Czechoslovakia Segregating in the Name of the Nation / edited by Victoria Shmidt
Published Amsterdam : Amsterdam University Press, 2019
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Description 1 online resource (253 p.)
Series Heritage and Memory Studies
Heritage and memory studies
Contents Cover; Table of Contents; Acknowledgements; List of Archives and Used Abbreviations; Introduction; The Politics of Disability: Structure and Agency in Nation Building in Czechoslovakia; Victoria Shmidt; Part 1. Building the Czechoslovak Nation and Sacralizing Peoples' Health: The Vicissitudes of Disability Discourse during the Interwar Period; 1. Establishing National Public Health in Interwar Czechoslovakia; Contexts and Contests; Victoria Shmidt; 1.1 Sacralizing people's health in interwar Czechoslovakia: In search of new drivers for mobilizing the nationals
1.2 Epistemic communities: The struggle for political influence1.3 The institutionalization of health care: Between multiple challenges and limited options; 1.4 The reform of public health: Great unmet expectations; 1.5 Debates around inferiority and reproductive policies: The Tower of Babylon; 2. The Discourse of Disability; A Noah's Ark for the New Nation?; Victoria Shmidt and Karel Pančocha; 2.1 Functional health: The utilitarian discourse of disability; 2.2 Men in focus: Functional health as a part of the gender-imbalanced propaganda of public health
2.3 The politics of positive discrimination for legionnaires: The salt of the earth2.4 Children with disabilities: The last shall be first; 3. Politics Concerning the Roma during the Interwar Period; Therapeutic Punishment vs. Benevolent Paternalism; Victoria Shmidt; 3.1 The Gypsy gangs in Bohemia: The invasion of infectious diseases; 3.2 The politics of disease in the periphery: Moral campaigns against the Roma as part of the internal colonization of Slovakia and Subcarpathian Ruthenia
3.3 The law on the fight against Gypsies, vagabonds and those unwilling to work: Converting moral panics into strict surveillance3.4 Štampach and his survey of the "Gypsies": An initial approximation of the eugenic framework; Conclusion; Part 2 Postwar Institutionalization of Care for the Disabled: Toward a Universalized Discourse of "Defective Gypsies"; 4. Special Education in Czechoslovakia between 1939 and 1989; Toward Multilevel Hierarchy of Defectivity; Frank Henschel and Victoria Shmidt; 4.1 The politics of disability during the Protectorate: Toward institutionalizing special education
4.2 The politics of disability in the period 1945 to 1948: Between the task of differentiation and lack of placements4.3 Producing biopolitical knowledge: Defectology and special pedagogy during the socialist period; 4.4 The discourse on defective children: Between family care and education as a tool of surveillance; 4.5 Institutionalization, segregation and rehabilitation of the "defective" child; Conclusion; 5. The Intersectionality of Disability and Race in Public and Professional Discourses about the Roma in Socialist Czechoslovakia; Between Propaganda and Race Science; Victoria Shmidt
Summary Answering the question concerning what driving forces had led public health, welfare policy and education to operate as agents and structures of segregation is one of the core prerequisites for sustainable desegregation and historical justice. This book reexamines the politics of disability in interwar and socialist Czechoslovakia as embedded into nation building, recruited to legitimize diverse forms of structural violence against people with disabilities and ethnic minorities. The authors trace the intersectionality of ethnicity and disability, which proliferated across diverse realms of public life, positioning the continuities and ruptures of interrogating propaganda and racial science during the interwar and post-war periods as establishing and reinforcing the border between a healthy Czech majority and a disabled Roma minority. Writing from their experience, the authors critically revise this border that remains observable but unapproachable until it operates as a part of constructing the authenticity of a nation
Notes 5.1 The political turbulence of postwar policies concerning the Roma
Description based upon print version of record
Subject Disabilities -- Czechoslovakia
Disabilities.
HISTORY / Europe / Eastern
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Public Policy / Social Security.
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Public Policy / Social Services & Welfare.
Politics and government.
Social conditions.
Czechoslovakia -- Politics and government
Czechoslovakia -- Social conditions
Czechoslovakia.
Form Electronic book
Author Shmidt, Victoria, editor
ISBN 904854405X
9789048544059 (electronic bk.)