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Author Weishaupt, J. Timo.

Title From the manpower revolution to the activation paradigm. Explaining institutional continuity and change in an integrating Europe / J. Timo Weishaupt
Published Amsterdam : Amsterdam University Press, 2010
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Description 1 online resource (352 pages)
Series Changing Welfare States
Changing welfare states.
Contents Machine generated contents note: I. Introduction -- I.1. Research Questions -- I.2. Competing Predictions about Labour Market Policy Regime Change: The Argument in Brief -- I.3. Research Design, Case Selection, and the Evidence -- I.4. Book Outline -- II. Theoretical Approach -- II.1. Introduction -- II.2. Defining Institutions -- II.3. Historical Institutionalism: Explaining Continuity -- II.4. Historical Institutionalism: Beyond Continuity -- II.5. Causal Mechanisms to Explain Institutional Transformations: Ideas and Agency -- II.6. Three Institutional Trajectories -- II.7. Analytical Grid: Four Dimensions of Labour Market Policy Regimes -- pt. I ORIGIN AND CRISIS OF EUROPEAN LABOUR MARKET POLICY REGIMES -- III. Origin of European Labour Market Policy Regimes and the Manpower Revolution -- III.1. Locating the Origins of Unemployment and Labour Market Policy -- III.2. Locating the Origin of Active Manpower Policy -- III.3. OECD and the Diffusion of Active Manpower Policy -- III.4. Five Country Cases: Austria, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, and the UK -- III.5. Conclusions -- IV. Labour Market Policy Regimes in Crisis: Divergence into Three Distinct Clusters -- IV.1. Labour Market Policy Regimes Under Stress: 1973-1979 -- IV.2. National Policies after the First Oil Crisis: Moderate Optimism and the Expansion of Active Manpower Policies -- IV.3. Conclusions -- IV.4. After the Second Oil Crisis: Shattered Illusions and Diverging Pathways -- IV.5. National Policy Responses: Social-Investment, Labour-Shedding, and Marketisation Strategies -- IV.6. Conclusions -- pt. II EMERGENCE OF THE ACTIVATION PARADIGM -- V. OECD's Repeated Reassessments and the EU as a Proliferator of New Ideas -- V.1. New Aspiration for an "Active Society" and the Road to the 1994 OECD Jobs Study --
Summary This book examines the origins and evolution of labor market policy in Western Europe, while paying close attention to the OECD and the European Union as proliferators of new ideas. Three phases are identified: (a) a manpower revolution phase during the 1960s and 1970s, when most European governments emulated Swedish manpower policies and introduced/modernized their public employment services; (b) a phase of international disagreement about the root causes of, and remedies for, unemployment, triggering a diversity of policy responses during the late 1970s and 1980s; and (c) the emergence of an activation paradigm since the late 1990s, causing a process of institutional hybridization. The book's main contention is that the evolution of labor market policy is not only determined by historical trajectories or coalitional struggles, but also by policy makers' changing normative and cognitive beliefs. The cases studied include Austria, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom
Notes Print version record
Subject Manpower policy -- Europe.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9048513057 (electronic bk.)
9789048513055 (electronic bk.)