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Acid Anhydrolase, Organophosphorus -- See Aryldialkylphosphatase


An enzyme which catalyzes the hydrolysis of an aryl-dialkyl phosphate to form dialkyl phosphate and an aryl alcohol. It can hydrolyze a broad spectrum of organophosphate substrates and a number of aromatic carboxylic acid esters. It may also mediate an enzymatic protection of LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS against oxidative modification and the consequent series of events leading to ATHEROMA formation. The enzyme was previously regarded to be identical with Arylesterase (EC 3.1.1.2)
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Acid, Ascorbic -- See Ascorbic Acid


A six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant
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Acid-Base Balance -- See Acid-Base Equilibrium


The balance between acids and bases in the BODY FLUIDS. The pH (HYDROGEN-ION CONCENTRATION) of the arterial BLOOD provides an index for the total body acid-base balance
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Acid-base balance : Acid/Base Balance  2014 1
 

Acid-base chemistry -- See Also the narrower term Lewis acids


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Acid-base chemistry.   11
 

Acid-base concepts -- See Acid-base chemistry


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Acid-base disorders -- See Acid-base imbalances


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  Acid-Base Equilibrium -- 3 Related Subjects   3
Acid-base equilibrium.   24
Acid-base equilibrium -- Congresses. : Nutritional and acid-base aspects of amino acid metabolism : 7th International Ammoniagenesis Workshop, Galway, May 20-23, 1996 / volume editors, D.J. O'Donovan [and others]  1997 1
Acid-Base Equilibrium -- genetics. : Molecular genetics of dysregulated pH homeostasis / Jen-Tsan Ashley Chi, editor  2014 1
Acid-Base Equilibrium -- physiology.   3
 

Acid-base imbalance -- See Acid-base imbalances


  1
Acid-Base Imbalance.   13
Acid-Base Imbalance -- diagnosis.   4
Acid-Base Imbalance -- nursing.   5
Acid-Base Imbalance -- physiopathology.   4
Acid-Base Imbalance -- veterinary   2
  Acid-Base Imbalances -- 2 Related Subjects   2
Acid-base imbalances   18
Acid-base imbalances -- Case studies.   4
Acid-base imbalances -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.   4
Acid-base imbalances in children. : Fluid and electrolytes in pediatrics : a comprehensive handbook / edited by Leonard G. Feld, Frederick J. Kaskel  2010 1
Acid-base imbalances -- Nursing.   2
Acid-base imbalances -- Nursing -- Examinations, questions, etc. : Fluids, electrolytes, and acid-base balance / series editor, Mary Ann Hogan ; consulting editors, Margaret M. Gingrich, Penny Overby, Mary Jean Ricci  2007 1
Acid-base imbalances -- Nursing -- Outlines, syllabi, etc. : Fluids, electrolytes, and acid-base balance / series editor, Mary Ann Hogan ; consulting editors, Margaret M. Gingrich, Penny Overby, Mary Jean Ricci  2007 1
Acid-base imbalances -- Problems, exercises, etc. : Clinical detective stories : a problem-based approach to clinical cases in energy and acid-base metabolism / Mitchell L. Halperin, Francis S. Rolleston  1993 1
Acid-base imbalances -- Study and teaching (Higher) : Clinical detective stories : a problem-based approach to clinical cases in energy and acid-base metabolism / Mitchell L. Halperin, Francis S. Rolleston  1993 1
 

Acid-base theories -- See Acid-base chemistry


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Acid-based chemistry : Light broken through the prism of life : Rene Schwaller de Lubicz and the hermetic problem of salt  20-- 1
 

Acid, Benzoaric -- See Ellagic Acid


A fused four ring compound occurring free or combined in galls. Isolated from the kino of Eucalyptus maculata Hook and E. Hemipholia F. Muell. Activates Factor XII of the blood clotting system which also causes kinin release; used in research and as a dye
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Acid beta-Glucosidase Deficiency -- See Gaucher Disease


An autosomal recessive disorder caused by a deficiency of acid beta-glucosidase (GLUCOSYLCERAMIDASE) leading to intralysosomal accumulation of glycosylceramide mainly in cells of the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM. The characteristic Gaucher cells, glycosphingolipid-filled HISTIOCYTES, displace normal cells in BONE MARROW and visceral organs causing skeletal deterioration, hepatosplenomegaly, and organ dysfunction. There are several subtypes based on the presence and severity of neurological involvement
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Acid beta-Glucosidase Deficiency Disease -- See Gaucher Disease


An autosomal recessive disorder caused by a deficiency of acid beta-glucosidase (GLUCOSYLCERAMIDASE) leading to intralysosomal accumulation of glycosylceramide mainly in cells of the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM. The characteristic Gaucher cells, glycosphingolipid-filled HISTIOCYTES, displace normal cells in BONE MARROW and visceral organs causing skeletal deterioration, hepatosplenomegaly, and organ dysfunction. There are several subtypes based on the presence and severity of neurological involvement
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Acid Deficiencies, Folic -- See Folic Acid Deficiency


A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of FOLIC ACID in the diet. Many plant and animal tissues contain folic acid, abundant in green leafy vegetables, yeast, liver, and mushrooms but destroyed by long-term cooking. Alcohol interferes with its intermediate metabolism and absorption. Folic acid deficiency may develop in long-term anticonvulsant therapy or with use of oral contraceptives. This deficiency causes anemia, macrocytic anemia, and megaloblastic anemia. It is indistinguishable from vitamin B 12 deficiency in peripheral blood and bone marrow findings, but the neurologic lesions seen in B 12 deficiency do not occur. (Merck Manual, 16th ed)
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Acid Deficiency, Folic -- See Folic Acid Deficiency


A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of FOLIC ACID in the diet. Many plant and animal tissues contain folic acid, abundant in green leafy vegetables, yeast, liver, and mushrooms but destroyed by long-term cooking. Alcohol interferes with its intermediate metabolism and absorption. Folic acid deficiency may develop in long-term anticonvulsant therapy or with use of oral contraceptives. This deficiency causes anemia, macrocytic anemia, and megaloblastic anemia. It is indistinguishable from vitamin B 12 deficiency in peripheral blood and bone marrow findings, but the neurologic lesions seen in B 12 deficiency do not occur. (Merck Manual, 16th ed)
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Acid deposition -- See Also the narrower term Acid precipitation (Meteorology)



--subdivision Effect of acid precipitation on under individual animals and groups of animals, e.g. Fishes--Effect of acid precipitation on
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Acid deposition.   2
Acid deposition -- Environmental aspects.   7
Acid deposition -- Environmental aspects -- Australia -- Victoria. : Managing waste acid sulfate soils : industrial waste management policy (waste acid sulfate soils) and policy impact assessment / Environment Protection Authority  2000 1
Acid deposition -- Environmental aspects -- Congresses.   2
Acid deposition -- Environmental aspects -- Great Britain.   2
Acid deposition -- Environmental aspects -- Netherlands. : Acid atmospheric deposition and its effects on terrestrial ecosystems in the Netherlands : the third and final phase (1991-1995) / edited by G.J. Heij and J.W. Erisman  1997 1
Acid deposition -- Environmental aspects -- Research -- Congresses. : Acid rain research : do we have enough answers? : proceedings of a speciality conference, 's-Hertogenbosch, the Netherlands, 10-12 October 1994 / edited by G.J. Heij and J.W. Erisman  1995 1
Acid deposition -- Mathematical models. : A hybrid ATDL - gamma distribution model for predicting area source acid gas concentration / by A. J. Jakeman and J.A. Taylor  1985 1
 

Acid Diethylamide, Lysergic -- See Lysergic Acid Diethylamide


Semisynthetic derivative of ergot (Claviceps purpurea). It has complex effects on serotonergic systems including antagonism at some peripheral serotonin receptors, both agonist and antagonist actions at central nervous system serotonin receptors, and possibly effects on serotonin turnover. It is a potent hallucinogen, but the mechanisms of that effect are not well understood
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Acid (Drug) -- See LSD (Drug)


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Acid (Drugs) : Australian drugs info file : from alcohol and tobacco to ecstasy and heroin / Miriam Stoppard  2000 1
 

Acid, Edetic -- See Edetic Acid


A chelating agent that sequesters a variety of polyvalent cations such as CALCIUM. It is used in pharmaceutical manufacturing and as a food additive
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Acid, Ellagic -- See Ellagic Acid


A fused four ring compound occurring free or combined in galls. Isolated from the kino of Eucalyptus maculata Hook and E. Hemipholia F. Muell. Activates Factor XII of the blood clotting system which also causes kinin release; used in research and as a dye
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