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Author Tipton, Jason A., author

Title Philosophical Biology in Aristotle's Parts of Animals / Jason A. Tipton
Published Cham : Springer, [2014]
©2014
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Description 1 online resource (xi, 207 pages) : chiefly color illustrations
Series Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 0929-6425 ; volume 26
Studies in history and philosophy of science (Dordrecht, Netherlands) ; v. 26. 1871-7381
Contents 1. ARISTOTLE'S PHILOSOPHY AND BIOLOGY: THE BIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; 1.1. The Biological Phenomena; 1.2. Aristotle's "Pre-Socraticism."
2. THE PROBLEM OF BEGINNINGS (PA I.1); 2.1. The Divisions of Knowledge; 2.2. Three Problems Concerning Methodology; 2.3. The Phainomena; 2.4. The Ancients and Their Causal Accounts: Material Cause; 2.5. Efficient Cause; 2.6. Ergon and Formal Cause; 2.7. Soul, Ergon and Nature; 2.8. Intellect and Motion; 2.9. Nature Does Everything for a Purpose; 2.10. Teleology and Nature
3. RECOGNIZING SAMENESS AND OTHERNESS IN ANIMALS (PA I.2-5); 3.1. Dichotomous Division; 3.2. Nonbeing; 3.3. The Indivisible Species of Being (eidos ti tês ousias atomon); 3.4. Dividing by Ousia; 3.5. Common Functions of Body and Soul; 3.6. The Discontinuity of Dichotomous Division; Or the Part/Whole Relationship in Discourse; 3.7. Plaiting and Dividing; 3.8. Swimmers and Fliers Revisited; 3.9. Beings and Immediate Forms; 3.10. Bringing the Gods Down Into the Inquiry; 3.11. A New Turn in Division
4. THE EXAMINATION OF THE ANIMATE IN LIGHT OF THE INANIMATE: OR, THE ARGUMENT FOR THE AUTONOMY OF THE ZOOLOGICAL INQUIRY; 4.1. Homogeneous to Nonhomogeneous: Final Cause; 4.2. Genesis and the "For the Sake Of"; 4.3. Divide Between Instrumental and Sensitive, Overcome Through Touch; 4.4. Uniform Parts Within an Elemental Framework; 4.5. Blood and the Passions; 4.6. Contrarieties: The Hot and Cold, Blood and Brain; 4.7. From Inside to the Outside to the Inside: The Primacy of Flesh and Touch; 4.8. New Beginning: The Polymorphic or Polyeidetic; 4.9. Doubleness; 4.10. Variations on a Theme: The Handiness of the Elephant Nose; 4.11. The Interweaving of the Material and Teleological
5. FINDING FAULT WITH NATURE; 5.1. The Multiple Roles that Teeth Serve; 5.2. The More and the Less, Males and Females; 5.3. Fish Teeth and the Elements; 5.4. Many Into One and One Into Many: The Case of the Mouth; 5.5. The Useful: An Analysis of Kinds of Birds with Special Emphasis on Body Plan and Diet; or the Cause of the Heterogeneity of Birds; 5.6. The Useless and Nature Doing Nothing in Vain: The Case of Horns; 5.7. Rational Nature Versus Necessary Nature; 5.8. Neck and Esophagus; 5.9. The Viscera, from the Outside to the Inside; 5.10. A Discussion of Each of the Viscera; 5.11. Blood Vessels: Limiting the Unlimited; 5.12. The Lung; 5.13. The Duality and Unity of the Body and Organs; 5.14. Bladder and Kidneys; 5.15. The Diaphragm and Parts Divorced from the Whole; 5.16. Membranes and the Sovereignty of the Heart and Brain; 5.17. Deficiency or Lack as a Cause
6. THE DIVISION AND COMBINATION OF LABOR; 6.1. The Function of Function-Less Organs; 6.2. Necessary Genesis; 6.3. The Eating of the Bloodless; 6.4. Residues Put to a Good Purpose; 6.5. The Continuum Between the Inanimate and the Animate; 6.6. The Case of Animal Motion Again; 6.7. An Organism Bent Over, the Case of the Cephalopods; 6.8. Another "New Beginning" or the Handiness of Hands; 6.9. A Move Toward Reproduction and the Parts Associated with Reproduction; 6.10. Some Parts of the Egg-Bearing; a Sign of the Importance of Reproduction?; 6.11. The Chameleon's Colors; 6.12. The Parts and Habits of Birds: The Movement from kata tous bious to dia ton bion; 6.13. The Genos of Fish; 6.14. Concluding Remarks
Summary "This book provides a detailed analysis of Aristotle's Parts of Animals. It presents the wealth of information provided in the biological works of Aristotle and revisits the detailed natural history observations that inform, and in many ways penetrate, the philosophical argument. It raises the question of how easy it is to clearly distinguish between what some might describe as "merely" biological and the philosophical. It explores the notion and consequences of describing the activity in which Aristotle is engaged as philosophical biology. The book examines such questions as: do readers of Aristotle have in mind organisms like Ascidians or Holothurians when trying to understand Aristotle's argument regarding plant-like animals? Do they need the phenomena in front of them to understand the terms of the philosophical argument in a richer way? The discussion of plant-like animals is important in Aristotle because of the question about the continuum between plant and animal life. Where does Aristotle draw the line? Plant-like animals bring this question into focus and demonstrate the indeterminacy of any potential solution to the division. This analysis of Parts of Animals shows that the study of the nature of the organic world was Aristotle's way into such ontological problems as the relationship between matter and form, or form and function, or the heterogeneity of the many different kinds of being."--Publisher's description
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 189-193) and indexes
Notes Online resource; title from PDF title page (SpringerLink, viewed June 20, 2016)
Subject Aristotle. De partibus animalium.
Biology -- Philosophy.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 3319014218 (electronic bk.)
9783319014210 (electronic bk.)
(print)
(print)