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Author Tange, Arthur, Sir, 1914-2001.

Title Defence policy-making : a close-up view, 1950-1980 / Sir Arthur Tange ; edited by Peter Edwards
Published Canberra, ACT. : ANU E Press, 2008
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Description 1 online resource (1 online resource (xiii, 149 pages))
Series Canberra papers on strategy and defence ; 169
Canberra papers on strategy and defence ; 169
Contents 1. The Road to Russell -- External Affairs 1945 -- International Security Issues: 1950 and beyond -- Defence Management in the 1950s: A view from Canberra -- External Affairs and Defence cooperation -- The grip of the past in the strategic outlook -- America's definition of the ANZUS obligation -- Interlude in India -- After India: Where to move? -- The Defence Department appointment -- Defence Minister Fraser: His strategic outlook -- The scope of the Defence Group empire -- Five Defence Group Ministries: Previous unsuccessful reforms -- Managing the Department with limited powers -- Fraser's initiatives--and conflicts with Gorton -- Gorton the Defence Minister -- Fairbairn: Minister for Defence 1971 -- The Department's 1972 'Defence Review': New ideas -- Final months of McMahon's Coalition Government -- 2. Labor in Office -- Labor's policies -- Consultations and plans for merging five Departments -- Strategy for making the changes -- Abolition of the Service Boards: Reasons -- Direct discussion--The Secretary and four Service Chiefs: Conclusions reached -- Civilians and Service Officers: Their relative authority -- Ministerial acceptance of the Recommendations -- Members of Parliament and others: Reactions in Parliament and elsewhere--extent of command power -- Some objectives not achieved -- Interim arrangements--changes needed in the Department -- Managing the Department--The 1973 political environment -- Disclosure of the American presence--Conflict with Labor Left -- The Joint US-Australian Defence Facilities -- Limited disclosure on Pine Gap and Nurrungar -- Labor's problem with the North West Cape Naval Communications Station -- The Lloyd affair--Barnard's rebuke of Tange -- Redefining the threat basis for Defence planning -- Barnard's negotiations with Washington -- Other decisions for Barnard -- New problems for the Defence Department under Labor -- Reshaping the force structure under Barnard -- The Darwin cyclone -- A retrospect on Barnard -- Whitlam's Royal Commission: Enquiry into Intelligence Services -- Reflections looking back: Whitlam and the Central Intelligence Agency -- The 1975 changes: A new Minister, Chiefs of Staff and 'the Dismissal' -- 3. The Early Fraser Ministry -- James Killen, Minister for Defence -- Problems to overcome in the new system -- Public perceptions in the politics of Defence -- Differing views on our strategic interests -- President Carter and the Indian Ocean -- Inflation: Its consequences for Defence in the 1970s -- Differences with the Royal Commission on Intelligence -- Experiences serving Malcolm Fraser -- A refuge in the mountains -- The Defence Science Laboratories: Management -- Planning the Defence Force Academy: Obstacles -- Using soldiers in support of police -- Final months in the Department -- The gap between the strategic guidance and Defence preparations -- Personnel policies and practices in the Services -- Defamatory media fabrications -- Post retirement experiences -- On serving Ministers -- Reflections on a personal journey
Summary "Sir Arthur Tange was perhaps the most powerful Secretary of the Australian Defence Department and one of the most powerful of the great 'mandarins' who dominated the Commonwealth Public Service between the 1940s and the 1970s. He served as Secretary of the Defence Department from 1970 to 1979, the last decade of his career, having previously served as Secretary of the Department of External Affairs (later renamed Foreign Affairs) from 1954 to 1965. Tange wrote this account in his last years. Controversies from his time in Defence, including those associated with 'the Tange report' and 'the Tange reforms', echo to this day, and it is still easy to identify both staunch admirers and vitriolic critics in defence and public service circles. One of the major themes implicit in this memoir is the extent to which his administrative decisions and policy advice in Defence in the 1970s were based on his experience in External Affairs in the 1950s and 1960s. This account shows what lessons he derived from that experience and how he applied those lessons when he, rather unexpectedly, became Secretary of the Defence Department."--Provided by publisher
Notes Title from PDF title page (viewed July 21, 2008)
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 141-142) and index
Subject Tange, Arthur, Sir, 1914-2001.
Australia. Department of Defence -- Officials and employees -- Biography.
Civil service -- Australia -- Biography.
National security -- Australia -- History.
Australia -- Military policy -- History.
Genre/Form Biography.
History.
Biographies.
Form Electronic book
Author Edwards, Peter, 1945-
ANU E Press.
ISBN 1921313862 (electronic bk.)
9781921313868 (electronic bk.)
(print)