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Cell, Antigen-Presenting -- See Antigen-Presenting Cells


A heterogeneous group of immunocompetent cells that mediate the cellular immune response by processing and presenting antigens to the T-cells. Traditional antigen-presenting cells include MACROPHAGES; DENDRITIC CELLS; LANGERHANS CELLS; and B-LYMPHOCYTES. FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS are not traditional antigen-presenting cells, but because they hold antigen on their cell surface in the form of IMMUNE COMPLEXES for B-cell recognition they are considered so by some authors
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Cell, Artificial beta -- See Insulin Infusion Systems


Portable or implantable devices for infusion of insulin. Includes open-loop systems which may be patient-operated or controlled by a pre-set program and are designed for constant delivery of small quantities of insulin, increased during food ingestion, and closed-loop systems which deliver quantities of insulin automatically based on an electronic glucose sensor
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Cell, Biofuel -- See Bioelectric Energy Sources


Electric power supply devices which convert biological energy, such as chemical energy of metabolism or mechanical energy of periodic movements, into electrical energy
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Cell Biologies -- See Cell Biology


The study of the structure, behavior, growth, reproduction, and pathology of cells; and the function and chemistry of cellular components
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  Cell biology -- 2 Related Subjects   2
Cell Biology.   98
Cell Biology -- education   2
Cell Biology -- electronic journals : Journal of cell science    1
Cell Biology -- history.   2
 

Cell Biology methods -- See Cytological Techniques


Methods used to study CELLS
  1
Cell Biology -- Periodicals   17
SCIENCE -- Life Sciences -- Cell Biology.   7
Cell Block Theatre -- History : Set in stone : the Cell Block Theatre / Deborah Beck  2011 1
 

Cell, Blood -- See Blood Cells


The cells found in the body fluid circulating throughout the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
  1
 

Cell, Bone Marrow -- See Bone Marrow Cells


Cells contained in the bone marrow including fat cells (see ADIPOCYTES); STROMAL CELLS; MEGAKARYOCYTES; and the immediate precursors of most blood cells
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Cell, Caco-2 -- See Caco-2 Cells


Human colonic ADENOCARCINOMA cells that are able to express differentiation features characteristic of mature intestinal cells, such as ENTEROCYTES. These cells are valuable in vitro tools for studies related to intestinal cell function and differentiation
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Cell Cancer, Merkel -- See Carcinoma, Merkel Cell


A carcinoma arising from MERKEL CELLS located in the basal layer of the epidermis and occurring most commonly as a primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin. Merkel cells are tactile cells of neuroectodermal origin and histologically show neurosecretory granules. The skin of the head and neck are a common site of Merkel cell carcinoma, occurring generally in elderly patients. (Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1245)
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Cell, Cancer Stem -- See Neoplastic Stem Cells


Highly proliferative, self-renewing, and colony-forming stem cells which give rise to NEOPLASMS
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Cell, Capillary Endothelial -- See Endothelial Cells


Highly specialized EPITHELIAL CELLS that line the HEART; BLOOD VESSELS; and lymph vessels, forming the ENDOTHELIUM. They are polygonal in shape and joined together by TIGHT JUNCTIONS. The tight junctions allow for variable permeability to specific macromolecules that are transported across the endothelial layer
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Cell Carcinoma, Liver -- See Carcinoma, Hepatocellular


A primary malignant neoplasm of epithelial liver cells. It ranges from a well-differentiated tumor with EPITHELIAL CELLS indistinguishable from normal HEPATOCYTES to a poorly differentiated neoplasm. The cells may be uniform or markedly pleomorphic, or form GIANT CELLS. Several classification schemes have been suggested
  1
 

Cell Carcinomas, Liver -- See Carcinoma, Hepatocellular


A primary malignant neoplasm of epithelial liver cells. It ranges from a well-differentiated tumor with EPITHELIAL CELLS indistinguishable from normal HEPATOCYTES to a poorly differentiated neoplasm. The cells may be uniform or markedly pleomorphic, or form GIANT CELLS. Several classification schemes have been suggested
  1
 

Cell, Cardiac Muscle -- See Myocytes, Cardiac


Striated muscle cells found in the heart. They are derived from cardiac myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, CARDIAC)
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Cell-cell interaction -- See Cell interaction


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Cell, Cell-Mediated Lympholytic -- See T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic


Immunized T-lymphocytes which can directly destroy appropriate target cells. These cytotoxic lymphocytes may be generated in vitro in mixed lymphocyte cultures (MLC), in vivo during a graft-versus-host (GVH) reaction, or after immunization with an allograft, tumor cell or virally transformed or chemically modified target cell. The lytic phenomenon is sometimes referred to as cell-mediated lympholysis (CML). These CD8-positive cells are distinct from NATURAL KILLER CELLS and NATURAL KILLER T-CELLS. There are two effector phenotypes: TC1 and TC2
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Cell chemistry -- See Cytochemistry



--subdivision Cytochemistry under individual organs and regions of the body, e.g. Heart--Cytochemistry
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Cell, Chemoreceptive -- See Chemoreceptor Cells


Cells specialized to detect chemical substances and relay that information centrally in the nervous system. Chemoreceptor cells may monitor external stimuli, as in TASTE and OLFACTION, or internal stimuli, such as the concentrations of OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE in the blood
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Cell, Chemoreceptor -- See Chemoreceptor Cells


Cells specialized to detect chemical substances and relay that information centrally in the nervous system. Chemoreceptor cells may monitor external stimuli, as in TASTE and OLFACTION, or internal stimuli, such as the concentrations of OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE in the blood
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Cell, Chromaffin -- See Chromaffin Cells


Cells that store epinephrine secretory vesicles. During times of stress, the nervous system signals the vesicles to secrete their hormonal content. Their name derives from their ability to stain a brownish color with chromic salts. Characteristically, they are located in the adrenal medulla and paraganglia (PARAGANGLIA, CHROMAFFIN) of the sympathetic nervous system
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Cell, Ciliary Photoreceptor -- See Photoreceptor Cells


Specialized cells that detect and transduce light. They are classified into two types based on their light reception structure, the ciliary photoreceptors and the rhabdomeric photoreceptors with MICROVILLI. Ciliary photoreceptor cells use OPSINS that activate a PHOSPHODIESTERASE phosphodiesterase cascade. Rhabdomeric photoreceptor cells use opsins that activate a PHOSPHOLIPASE C cascade
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Cell, Circulating Neoplastic -- See Neoplastic Cells, Circulating


Exfoliate neoplastic cells circulating in the blood and associated with metastasizing tumors
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Cell, Circulating Tumor -- See Neoplastic Cells, Circulating


Exfoliate neoplastic cells circulating in the blood and associated with metastasizing tumors
  1
 

Cell, Clone -- See Clone Cells


A group of genetically identical cells all descended from a single common ancestral cell by mitosis in eukaryotes or by binary fission in prokaryotes. Clone cells also include populations of recombinant DNA molecules all carrying the same inserted sequence. (From King & Stansfield, Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
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  Cell communication -- 4 Related Subjects   4
Cell Communication.   54
Cell Communication -- drug effects. : Bacterial signal transduction : networks and drug targets / edited by Ryutaro Utsumi  2008 1
Cell Communication -- genetics. : Encyclopedia of signaling molecules / Sangdun Choi, editor  2012 1
Cell Communication -- Periodicals   3
Cell Communication -- physiology.   10
 

Cell Communications -- See Cell Communication


Any of several ways in which living cells of an organism communicate with one another, whether by direct contact between cells or by means of chemical signals carried by neurotransmitter substances, hormones, and cyclic AMP
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Cell compartmentation -- See Also the narrower term Plant cell compartmentation


  1
Cell compartmentation.   2
 

Cell Compartmentations -- See Cell Compartmentation


A partitioning within cells due to the selectively permeable membranes which enclose each of the separate parts, e.g., mitochondria, lysosomes, etc
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Cell Component -- See Cellular Structures


Components of a cell
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Cell Components -- See Cellular Structures


Components of a cell
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Cell, Connective Tissue -- See Connective Tissue Cells


A group of cells that includes FIBROBLASTS, cartilage cells, ADIPOCYTES, smooth muscle cells, and bone cells
  1
 

Cell Count -- See Also Blood Cell Count


The number of LEUKOCYTES and ERYTHROCYTES per unit volume in a sample of venous BLOOD. A complete blood count (CBC) also includes measurement of the HEMOGLOBIN; HEMATOCRIT; and ERYTHROCYTE INDICES
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Cell counting, Laser -- See Flow cytometry


  1
  Cell Culture -- 8 Related Subjects   8
Cell culture.   47
Cell culture -- Atlases. : Atlas of living cell cultures / Toni Lindl and Rosemarie Steubing  2013 1
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