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Cell, Glial -- See Neuroglia


The non-neuronal cells of the nervous system. They not only provide physical support, but also respond to injury, regulate the ionic and chemical composition of the extracellular milieu, participate in the BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER and BLOOD-RETINAL BARRIER, form the myelin insulation of nervous pathways, guide neuronal migration during development, and exchange metabolites with neurons. Neuroglia have high-affinity transmitter uptake systems, voltage-dependent and transmitter-gated ion channels, and can release transmitters, but their role in signaling (as in many other functions) is unclear
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Cell Granulomatoses, Langerhans -- See Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell


A group of disorders resulting from the abnormal proliferation of and tissue infiltration by LANGERHANS CELLS which can be detected by their characteristic Birbeck granules (X bodies), or by monoclonal antibody staining for their surface CD1 ANTIGENS. Langerhans-cell granulomatosis can involve a single organ, or can be a systemic disorder
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Cell Granulomatosis, Langerhans -- See Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell


A group of disorders resulting from the abnormal proliferation of and tissue infiltration by LANGERHANS CELLS which can be detected by their characteristic Birbeck granules (X bodies), or by monoclonal antibody staining for their surface CD1 ANTIGENS. Langerhans-cell granulomatosis can involve a single organ, or can be a systemic disorder
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Cell growth -- See Cells Growth


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Cell growth factors -- See Growth factors


Here are entered works on a group of polypeptides that control cellular responses such as cell multiplication by mechanisms analogous to classical endocrine hormones
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Cell Growth in Number -- See Cell Proliferation


All of the processes involved in increasing CELL NUMBER including CELL DIVISION
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Cell-Growth Inducer, Myeloid -- See Colony-Stimulating Factors


Glycoproteins found in a subfraction of normal mammalian plasma and urine. They stimulate the proliferation of bone marrow cells in agar cultures and the formation of colonies of granulocytes and/or macrophages. The factors include INTERLEUKIN-3; (IL-3); GRANULOCYTE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR; (G-CSF); MACROPHAGE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR; (M-CSF); and GRANULOCYTE-MACROPHAGE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR; (GM-CSF)
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Cell Growth Inhibitors -- See Growth Inhibitors


Endogenous or exogenous substances which inhibit the normal growth of human and animal cells or micro-organisms, as distinguished from those affecting plant growth (= PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS)
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  Cell Growth Processes -- 2 Related Subjects   2
Cell Growth Processes.   3
 

Cell, Haploid -- See Haploidy


The chromosomal constitution of cells, in which each type of CHROMOSOME is represented once. Symbol: N
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Cell, Heart Muscle -- See Myocytes, Cardiac


Striated muscle cells found in the heart. They are derived from cardiac myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, CARDIAC)
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Cell, Hematopoietic Progenitor -- See Hematopoietic Stem Cells


Progenitor cells from which all blood cells derived. They are found primarily in the bone marrow and also in small numbers in the peripheral blood
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Cell, Hematopoietic Stem -- See Hematopoietic Stem Cells


Progenitor cells from which all blood cells derived. They are found primarily in the bone marrow and also in small numbers in the peripheral blood
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Cell, Hepatic -- See Hepatocytes


The main structural component of the LIVER. They are specialized EPITHELIAL CELLS that are organized into interconnected plates called lobules
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Cell Histiocytoses, Langerhans -- See Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell


A group of disorders resulting from the abnormal proliferation of and tissue infiltration by LANGERHANS CELLS which can be detected by their characteristic Birbeck granules (X bodies), or by monoclonal antibody staining for their surface CD1 ANTIGENS. Langerhans-cell granulomatosis can involve a single organ, or can be a systemic disorder
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Cell Histiocytosis, Langerhans -- See Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell


A group of disorders resulting from the abnormal proliferation of and tissue infiltration by LANGERHANS CELLS which can be detected by their characteristic Birbeck granules (X bodies), or by monoclonal antibody staining for their surface CD1 ANTIGENS. Langerhans-cell granulomatosis can involve a single organ, or can be a systemic disorder
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Cell, Hybrid -- See Hybrid Cells


Any cell, other than a ZYGOTE, that contains elements (such as NUCLEI and CYTOPLASM) from two or more different cells, usually produced by artificial CELL FUSION
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Cell Hybrid, Somatic -- See Hybrid Cells


Any cell, other than a ZYGOTE, that contains elements (such as NUCLEI and CYTOPLASM) from two or more different cells, usually produced by artificial CELL FUSION
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Cell hybridization -- See Also the narrower term Somatic hybrids


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Cell hybridization.   8
Cell hybridization -- Congresses. : Progress in plant protoplast research : proceedings of the 7th International Protoplast Symposium, Wageningen, the Netherlands, December 6-11, 1987 / edited by K.J. Puite ... [and others]  1988 1
 

Cell Hybrids, Somatic -- See Hybrid Cells


Any cell, other than a ZYGOTE, that contains elements (such as NUCLEI and CYTOPLASM) from two or more different cells, usually produced by artificial CELL FUSION
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Cell Hypoxia -- physiology.   2
 

Cell, Immobilized -- See Cells, Immobilized


Microbial, plant, or animal cells which are immobilized by attachment to solid structures, usually a column matrix. A common use of immobilized cells is in biotechnology for the bioconversion of a substrate to a particular product. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
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Cell, Immunoglobulin-Producing -- See Antibody-Producing Cells


Cells of the lymphoid series that can react with antigen to produce specific cell products called antibodies. Various cell subpopulations, often B-lymphocytes, can be defined, based on the different classes of immunoglobulins that they synthesize
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Cell, Immunoglobulin-Secreting -- See Antibody-Producing Cells


Cells of the lymphoid series that can react with antigen to produce specific cell products called antibodies. Various cell subpopulations, often B-lymphocytes, can be defined, based on the different classes of immunoglobulins that they synthesize
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Cell, Immunologic Accessory -- See Antigen-Presenting Cells


A heterogeneous group of immunocompetent cells that mediate the cellular immune response by processing and presenting antigens to the T-cells. Traditional antigen-presenting cells include MACROPHAGES; DENDRITIC CELLS; LANGERHANS CELLS; and B-LYMPHOCYTES. FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS are not traditional antigen-presenting cells, but because they hold antigen on their cell surface in the form of IMMUNE COMPLEXES for B-cell recognition they are considered so by some authors
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Cell, Insulin-Secreting -- See Insulin-Secreting Cells


A type of pancreatic cell representing about 50-80% of the islet cells. Beta cells secrete INSULIN
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  Cell Interaction -- 9 Related Subjects   9
Cell interaction.   56
Cell interaction -- Congresses.   3
Cell interaction -- Laboratory manuals. : Cell-cell interactions  2002 1
Cell interaction -- Periodicals   5
Cell interaction -- Physiology : Cell membrane nanodomains : from biochemistry to nanoscopy / edited by Alessandra Cambi, Diane S. Lidke  2015 1
Cell interaction -- Research -- Periodicals : Neuron glia biology (Online)  2004- 1
 

Cell Interactions -- See Cell Communication


Any of several ways in which living cells of an organism communicate with one another, whether by direct contact between cells or by means of chemical signals carried by neurotransmitter substances, hormones, and cyclic AMP
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Cell, Interdigitating -- See Dendritic Cells


Specialized cells of the hematopoietic system that have branch-like extensions. They are found throughout the lymphatic system, and in non-lymphoid tissues such as SKIN and the epithelia of the intestinal, respiratory, and reproductive tracts. They trap and process ANTIGENS, and present them to T-CELLS, thereby stimulating CELL-MEDIATED IMMUNITY. They are different from the non-hematopoietic FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS, which have a similar morphology and immune system function, but with respect to humoral immunity (ANTIBODY PRODUCTION)
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Cell, Interdigitating Dendritic -- See Dendritic Cells


Specialized cells of the hematopoietic system that have branch-like extensions. They are found throughout the lymphatic system, and in non-lymphoid tissues such as SKIN and the epithelia of the intestinal, respiratory, and reproductive tracts. They trap and process ANTIGENS, and present them to T-CELLS, thereby stimulating CELL-MEDIATED IMMUNITY. They are different from the non-hematopoietic FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS, which have a similar morphology and immune system function, but with respect to humoral immunity (ANTIBODY PRODUCTION)
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Cell, Interstitial Dendritic -- See Dendritic Cells


Specialized cells of the hematopoietic system that have branch-like extensions. They are found throughout the lymphatic system, and in non-lymphoid tissues such as SKIN and the epithelia of the intestinal, respiratory, and reproductive tracts. They trap and process ANTIGENS, and present them to T-CELLS, thereby stimulating CELL-MEDIATED IMMUNITY. They are different from the non-hematopoietic FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS, which have a similar morphology and immune system function, but with respect to humoral immunity (ANTIBODY PRODUCTION)
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Cell, IPS -- See Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells


Cells from adult organisms that have been reprogrammed into a pluripotential state similar to that of EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS
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Cell, Islet -- See Islets of Langerhans


Irregular microscopic structures consisting of cords of endocrine cells that are scattered throughout the PANCREAS among the exocrine acini. Each islet is surrounded by connective tissue fibers and penetrated by a network of capillaries. There are four major cell types. The most abundant beta cells (50-80%) secrete INSULIN. Alpha cells (5-20%) secrete GLUCAGON. PP cells (10-35%) secrete PANCREATIC POLYPEPTIDE. Delta cells (̃5%) secrete SOMATOSTATIN
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  Cell isolation -- 2 Related Subjects   2
 

Cell Isolations -- See Cell Separation


Techniques for separating distinct populations of cells
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Cell Junction -- See Intercellular Junctions


Direct contact of a cell with a neighboring cell. Most such junctions are too small to be resolved by light microscopy, but they can be visualized by conventional or freeze-fracture electron microscopy, both of which show that the interacting CELL MEMBRANE and often the underlying CYTOPLASM and the intervening EXTRACELLULAR SPACE are highly specialized in these regions. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p792)
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  Cell Junctions -- 4 Related Subjects   4
Cell junctions.   3
 

Cell, LE -- See Neutrophils


Granular leukocytes having a nucleus with three to five lobes connected by slender threads of chromatin, and cytoplasm containing fine inconspicuous granules and stainable by neutral dyes
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Cell Leukemia, Burkitt -- See Burkitt Lymphoma


A form of undifferentiated malignant LYMPHOMA usually found in central Africa, but also reported in other parts of the world. It is commonly manifested as a large osteolytic lesion in the jaw or as an abdominal mass. B-cell antigens are expressed on the immature cells that make up the tumor in virtually all cases of Burkitt lymphoma. The Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN) has been isolated from Burkitt lymphoma cases in Africa and it is implicated as the causative agent in these cases; however, most non-African cases are EBV-negative
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Cell Line.   7
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