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Title Crime and human rights / edited by Stephan Parmentier and Elmar G.M. Weitekamp
Published Amsterdam ; London : Elsevier JAI, 2007
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Description 1 online resource (viii, 275 pages) : illustrations
Series Sociology of crime, law and deviance ; v. 9
Sociology of crime, law, and deviance ; v. 9
Contents Cover -- Contents -- List of Contributors -- Introduction: On the Double Relationship of Crime and Human Rights -- Part I:Crime and Human Rights -- Human Rights in Europe and the Americas: Regional Protection Systems and the Process of Regional Integration -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Systems of Human Rights Protection in Europe and the Americas -- 3. Human Rights and Regional Integration -- 4. Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Trafficking in Humans and Human Rights -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Emergence of Anti-Trafficking Policies Worldwide -- 3. The History of Problematizing Trafficking in Humans -- 4. Defining Trafficking: International Treaties, National Offence Statutes and Human Rights -- 5. Evidence on Trafficking in Humans -- 6. Problems of Enforcement -- 7. Conclusion -- References -- Youth, Crime and Human Rights -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Convention on the Rights of the Child and other UN Guidelines and Rules on Juvenile Justice -- 3. The UN Approach to Children's Rights and Juvenile Justice -- 4. Issues for Further Debate -- 5. Conclusion -- References -- Racism and Xenophobia and the Prevention of Bias Crimes in Germany: Results from a Nationwide Task Group -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Setting the Scene -- 3. A Task Group for Germany -- 4. Main Results -- 5. Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Political Crimes and Serious Violations of Human Rights: Towards a Criminology of International Crimes -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Political Crimes and Serious Human Rights Violations: In Search of a Conceptual Clarification -- 3. The Missing Link: Political Crimes and Serious Human Rights Violations as Object of Criminological Research -- 4. Dealing with International Crimes in Transitional or Post-Conflict Situations -- 5. Concluding Remarks: Towards a Criminology of International Crimes -- Sources of Information -- Part II:Human Rights and Justice -- Human Rights and Police Discretion: Justice Served or Denied? -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Policing Liberty and Human Rights -- 3. A Note on Non-Democratic Policing and Police Discretion -- 4. Police Discretion and Human Rights -- 5. What Does it Mean -- Use of Police Discretion in Support of Human Rights? -- 6. Police Culture and Organization as Impediments to Supporting Human Rights -- 7. Civil Policing Reconsidered -- 8. Using Police Discretion to Support Human Rights: An Alternative Perspective -- 9. A Concluding Note -- Note -- References -- Restorative Justice and Human Rights -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Rights that the Criminal Justice System Aims to Protect -- 3. Risks Encountered in Restorative Justice Processes -- 4. Broader Human Rights Issues -- 5. Protection of Rights in Non-State Forms of Justice -- 6. Standards Setting -- 7. Rights and Values -- 8. Broadening the Discourse Around Human Rights -- 9. Conclusion -- References -- The Zwelethemba Model: Practicing Human Rights Through Dispute Resolution -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Human Rights Discourse(s) -- 3. The Zwelethemba Model -- 4. Reconciling Universal Rights with Local Norms -- 5. R
Summary Over the past decades, human rights have gained an increasing significance in law, politics and society, at the national and the international level. According to the American scholar Louis Henkin, human rights have become the paradigm of our time, thereby displacing previous paradigms such as religion and socialism. The criminal justice system has not been immune to this rapid rise of human rights. In the past two decades, considerable attention has been paid to the rules of due process for suspects and offenders, during criminal proceedings and in situations of detention. In recent years, the rights of victims have gained more weight in the criminal justice system, also in international tribunals and courts. Moreover, the principles and norms of human rights have received wide attention in conceptualizing crime and delinquency. Some crimes, e.g. trafficking in human beings or violence against women and children, are now defined in terms of human rights violations. The same is true with gross and systematic human rights violations, such as genocide and crimes against humanity. This volume wishes to address these major developments in a systematic way, from the perspective of criminology and sociology, by way of original contributions. In the first part, we look at several types of crimes, old and new, from the angle of human rights and human rights violations, while the second part sketches the influence of the human rights paradigm on some parts of the justice system in North America, Europe and elsewhere. This volume is addressed to students and researchers in criminology and criminal justice studies, and to professionals and policy-makers in the criminal justice system, primarily but not exclusively in North America and Europe
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and indexes
Notes Print version record
Subject Crime -- Sociological aspects.
Criminal justice, Administration of.
Criminals -- Civil rights.
Human rights.
Form Electronic book
Author Parmentier, Stephan, 1960-
Weitekamp, Elmar G. M.
ISBN 0080551246 (electronic bk.)
0857240560 (electronic bk.)
9780080551241 (electronic bk.)
9780857240569 (electronic bk.)